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The Nazi Handbook (1933-1939).

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Introduction

Contents The One Party State pg3 Law and Order pg3-4 Persecution pg4-5 Education and Young pg5-7 Economic and Social Policy pg7-8 Conclusion pg8 Bibliography pg8 The One Party State Once the Nazi won a majority of seats in the Reichstag on 5th March 1933 Hitler set about creating a totalitarian state. Within 20 days Hitler managed to pass the Enabling act meaning he could pass any law he wanted without consulting the Reichstag or President Hindenburg. The meant Hitler had become a legal Dictator. To pass the Enabling act Hitler used the SS, his own private army of Nazi Fanatics, to scare voters. The communists were already banned after the elections and SPD were banned soon after the Enabling act was passed. Hitler signed the Concordat with the Catholic Church to protect them but the Church must stat out of politics. On 2nd May Trade Unions were banned and all workers were forced to join the German labour Front (DAF). This prevented workers from striking for higher wages. Soldiers in the army were forced to take an oath to Hitler personally and in return Hitler rearmed Germany and brought back conscription. Law and Order Over a year into Nazi rule and Hitler knew he was not quite safe. The army leaders were not fond of him and particularly disliked the SA leader Ernst Rohm. ...read more.

Middle

They believed Jews were sub-human. Jews were regularly attacked in Nazi Germany. Crude and vicious stereotyping of Jews was used in Nazi propaganda. Laws introduced in 1933 banned Jew from all state jobs and also a boycott of Jewish shops was introduced and the Nuremberg Laws in 1935 took away citizenship from Jews and made illegal and marriages between Jews and Germans. In 1939 all Jews had to add the name Sara for women and Israel for men to their names. They also had to wear the Star of David. In 1941 the "Final Solution" was created and all Jews in Nazi occupied territories were sent to Death Camps in Poland to be killed by the SS in the gas chambers. 11 million Jews were killed. At first the Einsatzgruppen were told to shoot Jews. Jews were sent to the camps by train. At the time Germans never really found out about the horrors of the death camps. Other minorities were also executed in these ways. Pastor Martin Niemoller formed an alternative protestant church to the official Reich church. He spent 1938-1945 in a concentration camp. Education and the Young In German schools Bernard Rust was chosen to take the control of the German Curriculum and adapt it to fit the Nazi ideas. Teachers who were known to be critical of Nazi ideas were dismissed and the remaining teachers were re-educated in Nazi views so that they could teach the Nazi way. ...read more.

Conclusion

Economic and Social Policy Labour Corps (Public work Schemes) were introduced to build motorways, railways etc... this reduced unemployment. Dr Hjalmar Schact was the minister of economy and although he was not a Nazi he was a brilliant economist. He planned to: * Reduce Un-employment * Build up Armaments * Make Germany self-sufficient To reduce un-employment women were forced out of work, as were Jews, these people were not shown on un-employment surveys. Germany increased its trading with other nations. Industrial outputs double under the Nazis. Wages were kept low as workers could not strike because they were all part of the German Labour Front which banned taking strike action. Workers were in exchange given cheap theatre tickets and many workers gave �5 a month to buy the Volkswagen Beetle "The Peoples Car" (few actually received the car as production stopped during the war). This is known as "strength through joy". Much money was given to the Army, Navy and Air Force for rearmament. Conscription was introduced. Under Hitler the Health Services were also improved. A concordat was made with the Catholic Church in 1933 but in 1937 the Pope condemned the Nazi regime. Church ministers were often imprisoned and executed for criticising. Conclusion Although Hitler did solve un-employment and improve things for Germany, he did this to win the German people over so they could achieve military conquest. People also had to give up their freedom for this and millions of innocent men, women and children. So although Germany did benefit it was clearly not worth it. ...read more.

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