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The Nazi party and it's harsh dictator Hitler was in power for eleven years.

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Introduction

The Nazi party and it's harsh dictator Hitler was in power for eleven years. Why did the German population allow such a person to rise to this power? There were a number of factors that contributed to Hitler's rise in 1933. These include the Great Depression, The Great War, the failure of the Weimar Republic with the tradition of aristocracy in Germany, the lack of social change such as the traditional elites and role of army, individuals in high power and the economic instability. Although there was factors that held back the progress of the Nazi party such as the numerous groups that opposed that party. In my opinion the Great Depression was the most contributing factor. The Great Depression was one of the most significant factors to Hitler's rise. The German economy relied on United States loans and even before it hit, there was a large percent of the population unemployed. When The Great Depression hit in 1929, polarisation set in. The Nazis had their anti-communist views and promises of unity, fun and drinking. This gave the German people an alternative to the Communist Party of Germany (or KPD) which only offered blame. The Great Depression hit the middle class the hardest, as William Shirer comments in The Rise and fall of the Third Reich 'The life savings of the middle and working classes were wiped out. ...read more.

Middle

Although this doesn't account for the significantly large support for the Nazi party after 1929. The Weimar government seemed almost perfect, although it had obvious weaknesses which ultimately lead to it's downfall. There was no tradition of Democracy in Germany, and perhaps the public was looking for government more towards the old Wilhelmine aristocracy. With this huge political change there was no change to the social structure, the tradition elites still maintained some power and the army continued having right wing nationalist leadership. The structure of the government lead to coalitions having to be formed in order to obtain a majority vote. The Social Democratic Party (or SPD) and KPD's failed to join, leaving the Nazi's to opportunity to join with other parties and win the majority. These weaknesses meant that Hitler was able to become chancellor. The Germany economy was unstable since The Great War. Having to pay reparations of the Treaty of Versailles and the huge cost of the war had a large impact on German life. The new democratic government tried to cover costs by printing more money, which did nothing but cause hyper-inflation. This lead to unemployment and people started looking for an alternative government, which was the Nazi party. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is unlikely that without other events, the Hitler would have rose to power with just these policies and methods. In the twenty five points there were also socialist views and objectives, so it appealed to the workers as well. It is these policies that contributed to his rise in 1933. Hitler would have never gained his national status without the help of some of the traditional elites. The Harzburg Front was set up by Hugenburg to over throw the Young Plan. Hitler was asked to join due to his anticommunist views. From this event, Hitler gained respectability from the right-wing forces, gained his national status and was introduced to those of wealth and influence. Hitler used this newly acquired status and ran for president, and although he didn't win, he gain a third of the vote and further developed his status. This doesn't account for the large public support, but was an important step in Hitler's rise to power. The most significant factor in Hitler rise to power in 1933 was the Great Depression, as with out this, the Nazi Party would not have been able to obtain support. Although without other factors such as The Great War, the failure of Weimar, the unstable economy, individuals and tradition elites, Hitler's appeal and policies, the Nazi party would never have risen to power. Jessica Ruming 12 Modern History ...read more.

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