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The Nazi Party started as the 'German Worker's Party' based in Bavaria.

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Introduction

The Nazi Party started as the 'German Worker's Party' based in Bavaria. They were opposed to the Treaty of Versailles and Communism. The party was formed out of the dismay at the defeat of Germany in the First World War and a shock at the severity of the terms imposed upon Germany by the Allies. It was this party that Hitler joined, initially as a spy. Hitler soon became one of the leading figures of the party. His inspiring speech-making and enthusiasm for the cause quickly propelled him to the leadership of the small party. The party, soon renamed the National and Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi's), adopted a twenty-five point program of points that formed the basis of their political manifesto. It was on the strength of their belief in these points that the Nazi's chose to take force in a coup d' etat in Munich. The coup was unsuccessful, despite an initial success in reaching it's objectives of seizing power. Hitler was thrown into prison and the party was, it seemed, destroyed. On Hitler's release from prison the party was radically restructured, yet its support remained localised and insignificant in terms of national politics. In the 1928 German National Elections the Nazi Party received 810,127 votes, 2.6% of the total. In July 1932, just four years later, the Nazi Party received 6,379,672 votes, 18.3% of the total. ...read more.

Middle

These social factors contributed to Hitler and the Nazi's replacing German democracy in 1933. Nazi propaganda was funded by Alfred Hugenburg, a successful business man, guaranteed nationwide press coverage. Aeroplanes and leaflets were used to advertise the Nazi Party and mass meetings were held. These were stage managed with dramatic speeches and music intended to hypnotise the crowds. Hitler in particular understood the emotional impact that mass meetings could have on people. In his book, Mein Kampf, he explains why it would be necessary for the Nazi's to use this method. "...whilst attending them the individual...receives his first impression of a larger community, and this has a strengthening and encouraging effect on most people... he becomes a member of a community."*** Propaganda helped in reinforcing the allegiance of those who already supported the party and in converting those who did not. It played an important part in Hitler and the Nazi's replacing democracy in Germany in 1933. There was no tradition of parliamentary democracy so there was no general support for the new republic. Parliament was elected through a system of proportional representation. This meant there was no overall majority and the country was run by coalitions. The result was unstable governments and public suspicion of deals between parties. The Nazi Party knew the importance of changing its propaganda depending on who it was aimed at. The Nazi party policies were deliberately vague so they might appeal to as many people as possible. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Hindenburg on the 30th of January 1933. Some historians argue that Baron Von Papen and General Von Schleicher had manipulated Hindenburg to assign Hitler this position. Von Papen thought he could constrain Hitler and use him to get himself into a position of power. Collier and Pedley state that "(Papen) played a leading role in bringing Hitler to power... Papen became Vice-Chancellor in Hitler's first cabinet"* Papen had been Chancellor of Germany from June until December in 1932. According to Collier and Pedley, Schleicher had played a part in the dismissal of Papen, and to get revenge Papen persuaded Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor. The influence of Baron Von Papen and General Von Schleicher contributed towards the Hitler and the Nazi's replacing democracy in Germany. Throughout the 'Golden Years' of the Weimar Republic Hitler had little to offer the majority of Germans. The Treaty of Versailles was gradually being amended and the economy was picking up. Extreme views, such as those held by the Nazi party, were not popular within this period. However, once unrest arose in Gemrany , Hitler and the Nazi Party took full advantage of the situation. Many Nazi's believed that it was inevitable that Hitler would gain power because of the 'super-human' qualities as a leader. There were many factors which contributed to securing Hitler and the Nazi's votes, and which led to them replacing German democracy in 1933. End notes *Germany 1919-45 Martin Collier and Philip Pedley Page 76 **J Hiden **** J Hiden *** Mein Kampf Adolf Hitler ...read more.

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