• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Nazi Party started as the 'German Worker's Party' based in Bavaria.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Nazi Party started as the 'German Worker's Party' based in Bavaria. They were opposed to the Treaty of Versailles and Communism. The party was formed out of the dismay at the defeat of Germany in the First World War and a shock at the severity of the terms imposed upon Germany by the Allies. It was this party that Hitler joined, initially as a spy. Hitler soon became one of the leading figures of the party. His inspiring speech-making and enthusiasm for the cause quickly propelled him to the leadership of the small party. The party, soon renamed the National and Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi's), adopted a twenty-five point program of points that formed the basis of their political manifesto. It was on the strength of their belief in these points that the Nazi's chose to take force in a coup d' etat in Munich. The coup was unsuccessful, despite an initial success in reaching it's objectives of seizing power. Hitler was thrown into prison and the party was, it seemed, destroyed. On Hitler's release from prison the party was radically restructured, yet its support remained localised and insignificant in terms of national politics. In the 1928 German National Elections the Nazi Party received 810,127 votes, 2.6% of the total. In July 1932, just four years later, the Nazi Party received 6,379,672 votes, 18.3% of the total. ...read more.

Middle

These social factors contributed to Hitler and the Nazi's replacing German democracy in 1933. Nazi propaganda was funded by Alfred Hugenburg, a successful business man, guaranteed nationwide press coverage. Aeroplanes and leaflets were used to advertise the Nazi Party and mass meetings were held. These were stage managed with dramatic speeches and music intended to hypnotise the crowds. Hitler in particular understood the emotional impact that mass meetings could have on people. In his book, Mein Kampf, he explains why it would be necessary for the Nazi's to use this method. "...whilst attending them the individual...receives his first impression of a larger community, and this has a strengthening and encouraging effect on most people... he becomes a member of a community."*** Propaganda helped in reinforcing the allegiance of those who already supported the party and in converting those who did not. It played an important part in Hitler and the Nazi's replacing democracy in Germany in 1933. There was no tradition of parliamentary democracy so there was no general support for the new republic. Parliament was elected through a system of proportional representation. This meant there was no overall majority and the country was run by coalitions. The result was unstable governments and public suspicion of deals between parties. The Nazi Party knew the importance of changing its propaganda depending on who it was aimed at. The Nazi party policies were deliberately vague so they might appeal to as many people as possible. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Hindenburg on the 30th of January 1933. Some historians argue that Baron Von Papen and General Von Schleicher had manipulated Hindenburg to assign Hitler this position. Von Papen thought he could constrain Hitler and use him to get himself into a position of power. Collier and Pedley state that "(Papen) played a leading role in bringing Hitler to power... Papen became Vice-Chancellor in Hitler's first cabinet"* Papen had been Chancellor of Germany from June until December in 1932. According to Collier and Pedley, Schleicher had played a part in the dismissal of Papen, and to get revenge Papen persuaded Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor. The influence of Baron Von Papen and General Von Schleicher contributed towards the Hitler and the Nazi's replacing democracy in Germany. Throughout the 'Golden Years' of the Weimar Republic Hitler had little to offer the majority of Germans. The Treaty of Versailles was gradually being amended and the economy was picking up. Extreme views, such as those held by the Nazi party, were not popular within this period. However, once unrest arose in Gemrany , Hitler and the Nazi Party took full advantage of the situation. Many Nazi's believed that it was inevitable that Hitler would gain power because of the 'super-human' qualities as a leader. There were many factors which contributed to securing Hitler and the Nazi's votes, and which led to them replacing German democracy in 1933. End notes *Germany 1919-45 Martin Collier and Philip Pedley Page 76 **J Hiden **** J Hiden *** Mein Kampf Adolf Hitler ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. "How influential was Hitler's role in the rise of the Nazi Party 1920-1933?"

    This was shown when he threatened to resign from the party but leaders knew that if this was to occur the Nazi Party would crumble because Hitler was the main reason why businesses were funding the Nazi party. Industrialists saw Hitler as the cure to the communist problem within the

  2. Between 1933 and 1945 Hitler and the Nazi Part were successful in their creation ...

    On the other hand, despite its failure, it does "illustrate what the Nazis might have done if the had won the Second World War"17 Although there is evidence to show that the Nazis were successful in creating a new society, in reality the impact of Nazi policies remains a subject of debate.

  1. Why Did Many People Vote For The Nazi Party In The Elections Of 1930-32?

    Some people say that Hitler was very clever in the way that he handled the situation, others say he was very lucky. The answer is that he was clever and lucky. He was lucky because of the occurrence of the great depression and the Reichstag Fire.

  2. Explain how Hitler and the Nazi Party exerted total control over the lives of ...

    There was no check and balance. It was a totalitarian state; controlled by Hitler and the Nazis. Union leaders2, critical thinkers, intellectuals and the Jews were some of those to be hit the hardest... with thousands3 sent to detention camps. After the "Night of Long Knives"4, Hitler fashioned a new enforcement arm: the S.S - the Gestapo5.

  1. Explain which factors played the most important role in bringing the Nazi Party to ...

    The members of the Government who were involved in signing the treaty were nicknamed the 'November Criminals'. This, I believe, was the first factor in the Nazi's rise to power as it caused the public to lose confidence in their government and caused the public to look for other options.

  2. This essay will review these conditions in Germany which lead to Hitler and his ...

    No party could get a majority, so the government had to be run by coalitions. There could never be a strong government. The president had too much power over the government and could turn himself into a dictator. This was made possible by Article forty-eight in the constitution which stated

  1. Explain the appeal of Nazi policies.

    But don?t be alarmed, the National Socialist Party has the answer. With Hitler at the helm, we will make it our priority to end all the stupid treaties we have been forced to sign and we will help free the people of Germany rather than trap them like the Jews and the government.

  2. Germany 1916-1945 revision notes.

    Hitler tried to force Gustav Kahr, The leader of the Bavarian government to support him. Initially Kahr did this but then he changed his mind. On the morning of the 9th of November 1923; Hitler?s attempted Putsch was stopped. Hitler was arrested and put on trial, and sentenced to 5 years in prison, He actually only served 9 months.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work