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The Nazi road to dictatorship - notes on how Hitler took power.

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From Chancellor to Fuhrer How did Germany become a dictatorship? The General Election Hitler had promised a general election for March 1933One week before the election was due to take place, the Reichstag building burned down. Hitler immediately declared that it was the signal for a communist takeover of the nation Banning the Communists and Socialists from campaigning Hitler asked Hindenburg to grant him emergency powers in view of the 'communist takeover'. Using the constitution, Hindenburg agreed to pass the Law for the Protection of the People and the State. This law gave Hitler what he wanted - a ban on the Communists and Socialists taking part in an election campaign. ...read more.


This was a relatively small round building - perfect for meetings. On March 23rd, elected officials were due to meet to discuss and vote on Hitler's Enabling Law. The law basically stated that any bill only needed Hitler's signature and within 24 hours that bill would become law in Germany. With only Nazis and other right wing politicians inside the Kroll Opera House, the bill was quickly passed into law Nazis take over Local Government On 7th April 1933, Nazi officials were put in charge of all local government in the provinces. keeping an eye on troublemakers Gestapo formed The Geheime Staatspolizei,or GESTAPO, was first established in Prussia on 26 April 1933 by Goering, with the mission of carrying out the duties of political police with or in place of the ordinary police authorities. ...read more.


Press gagged In October 1933, the Nazis gained control over the press with the Reich Press law, which enabled them to censor any reports which they disliked. Reichsrat abolished The states lost even more power in January 1934 when the Reichsrat (the upper house of the parliament) was abolished. The Reichsrat had represented the states. Rivals murdered The most explicit demonstration of Hitler's power came on June 30, 1934, Hitler carried out a purge that killed a number of dissident Nazi leaders and other opponents. This incident known as the Night of the Long Knives showed that Hitler's power had grown to such an extent that he literally could 'get away with murder' Hindenberg's death The death of President Hindenburg in August 1934, allowed him to combine both chancellor's and president's positions into one when Hitler became the Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor. ...read more.

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