• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The New Army and the Somme Sources Questions

Extracts from this document...


The New army and the Somme 1. Consider Sources B, C, D and I. To what extent do you consider the cartoon from Punch to have been propaganda? The cartoon from Punch displays a happy soldier of war. This conveys the thoughts that war was not too horrific and a successful thing. The soldier also has wounds, which are there to make the portrayal look realistic and to show that this soldier was happy to receive these wounds for his country - patriotism. Another noticeable part of the image is that the soldier is smoking, this brings across the idea that war was somewhat chilled out and stress-free. This therefore displays war to be great, but one must consider how reliable it is. Magazines, like 'Punch', would have been under censorship by DORA (Defence Of the Realm Act) during the war; therefore cartoons like this one couldn't undermine morale. Also, magazines would have wanted to boost morale anyway to contribute to the war effort. One other reason why this source is reasonably unreliable is because magazines only knew what they were told by the government (generals press conferences). ...read more.


This was not a totally selfish decision by Haig, as there were others pressurising him to do something to prove the English were succeeding. Also, Joffre (French commander in chief) wanted Haig to make a British attack to relieve the stress of his French troops. Haig had confidence in his tactics so he was very willing to make the attack. Source B, a reliable source as it is a diary entry, shows that the strain on the British troops at Somme was immense. This shows Haig's plan may not have been to great - in the sense that it placed great burdens on the troops, although this source only gives the opinion of one person, at one place, at one time, therefore it is not very useful. Source C is not so reliable as it is a letter. The author would have written it knowing that if he wrote things that would lower the morale of the readers the letter would not be sent, and it would upset his family if he said the truth. Thus, the author would have written a more cheerful than accurate letter. ...read more.


Sassoon tells us, in this poem, what the soldiers thought about Haig. However, it reinforces the idea that Haig was an 'incompetent swine' who sent his soldiers to die. From these sources we can see that there were some factors which could take the fault away from Haig. One of which was that he was under pressure from both England and France. Also whatever he tried resulted in sacrifices, because the opposition (Germans) always managed to bring in more supporting troops to reinforce them. Another point is that Haig's equipment was not really good enough for what he was trying to achieve. Overall I feel these sources show that although Haig achieved his main aim - to relieve pressure on the French, he went the wrong way about achieving it. His methods were inhuman and uncaring for the lives of his own men. It is very difficult to justify Haig's tactics from an emotional perspective, but this is war that is being assessed, and thus one must consider Haig successful in achieving his aims. As a general Haig was successful in his task, for he hindered the Germans a considerable amount. Although it is also the job of a general to take care of his troops, and this is where Haig failed. ?? ?? ?? ?? History Coursework 1 Joshua Kidd ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Britain And The Western Front - Sources Questions

    machine guns and for the lucky few that survived the only prospect was returning to the trenches and the hellish life they led there. They were quite well fed but occasionally their rations didn't arrive and they would have to forage for food.

  2. Women's Suffrage Sources Questions

    But the women's war effort changed this stereotype, and could not now exclude women from voting. Suffrage had been gradually extending for the last 100 years anyway, and the inclusion of women was bound to come at some time. The suffragette activity and the women's war effort were simply the triggers that helped it to happen in 1918.

  1. Was General Haig a donkey or a great commander?

    If this had been captured, France would almost certainly have fallen along with it. Fortunately for the British and the French, through a combination of luck and some would say skill, the attack was blunted, and the whetstone proved to be no more than a pebble.

  2. Jarrow: questions 3, 4 and 5 (sources)

    Therefore Jarrow had to do something to show that they need help so the Jarrow crusade took place. The Jarrow crusade was lead by Miss Ellen Wilkinson, MP for Jarrow, carrying a petition for presentation to the house of command which was signed by 11,572 people.

  1. Votes for women - source related questions.

    The background and whole composition of the poster is trying to demonstrate the importance of women to the war. The poster shows the woman superimposed on to a picture of the war, this is showing that her job is vital to the war effort.

  2. The Somme - source related study.

    These figures also show that the type of warfare had changed from that of the century before, and that the generals, Rawlingson and Haig especially, weren't yet accustomed to it. 5) Source G is an extract from Lloyd George's memoirs, published in 1933-36 At the time of the battle of

  1. World War One Sources Questions

    In this source however Haig does mention the fact that none of the old soldiers that he has met every criticized his Father's actions during the war, this may be true, I have gathered from other sources that although some men seemed unable to stop talking about their experiences in

  2. Haig - The Butcher of the Somme? Sources Questions

    written, also it has been proved and I'm aware that the barbed wire was not cut, as source C informs 'hundreds of dead were strung out on the barbed wire' but Haig writes that the barbed wire was well cut, mainly because he was 40 miles away from the event

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work