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The New Deal

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The New Deal The New deal describes the program of US president Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1933 to 1939 of relief, recovery and reform. These new policies aimed to solve the economic problems created by the depression of the 1930's. The New Deal included federal actions of unprecedented extend to stimulate industrial recovery, assist victims of the depression, guarantee minimum living standards and prevent future economic crises. Many economic, political and social factors lead up to the New Deal. Staggering statistics like a 25% unemployment rate made it clear immediate actions were necessary. Roosevelt act quickly, as needed. From March to June 1932 he managed to get the US congress to pass a huge amount of legislations, which tackled most of the problems, which America faced after the Depression. Examples of these legislations are the following: The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), which had its aim to provide conservation work for unemployed young men. It succeeded its aim by employing 300 000 people in 1933 and by 1941 2.5 million people had taken part. Its results were that millions of trees were planted, reservoirs, forest roads, fire look-outs and canals were built and most importantly millions of people were employed and were given shelter and food (decreased the unemployment). ...read more.


Proof of its successes are that 2.5 million firms, employing 22 million workers joined the scheme and child labour was abolished. The scheme was criticised because it was voluntary and many employers refused to join and because members began to violate the codes and workers went on strike in protest. Finally the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) had as its aim to develop the poverty at the area of the Valley. The government built many damns, which offered to the people of the area cheap electricity and water for irrigation and also stopped the flooding and therefore the erosion of the soil at the area. In 1935 Roosevelt introduced a second wave of New Deal legislation. The emphasis was on protecting workers rights and social security benefits. He aimed to extend and improve upon the first New Deal and to replace the work of those agencies said o be unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. Some examples of the new legislations of the 2nd new deal is the National Labour Relations (Wagner) Act which replace the NRA which was declared illegal by the Supreme Court , the Social Security Act , the Soil Conservation Act which replace the AAA programme which was declared illegal from the Supreme Court and the National Housing Act and the Fair Labour Standards Act. ...read more.


The republicans bitterly opposed the Democrat Roosevelt and even some conservative Democrats opposed him. Also some radicals in the USA like Huey Long believed the New Deal didn't go far enough in helping the poor. Finally the supreme court's judge's claimed that several of the New Deal measures were illegal and matters came to a head in 1937 when Roosevelt wanted to make some of his own supporters into Supreme Court judges. This plan failed but afterwards the Supreme Court opposition was lessened. So we can say that conservatives and buisenesses who had enjoyed years of laissez-faire opposed Roosevelt's ideas of a big government. However, most Americans gladly embraced the New Deal as saving the country. Roosevelt was criticized for spending too much, but now some economists say that he should have spent more. Roosevelt's New Deal was a brand new approach to government that greatly limited states rights, strongly favoured workers and unions and formed programs that for many cities were borderline socialist. The New Deal had progressive roots in labour, and some plans similar to Hoover's attempts at helping the country before Roosevelt came into office, but at a much grander scale. Finally we can say that no one doubts that Roosevelt tackled the problems better than Hoover but the New Deal did have its weaknesses as well as its successes ...read more.

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