• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The New Deal

Extracts from this document...


a) Explain the main features of the New Deal The New Deal had a number of features. The first feature of the New Deal was to restore the confidence in the American people, the banks and to bring about recovery. Roosevelt wanted to end the depression and by restoring people's confidence he hoped that they would spend more money, thus forcing companies to take on more staff and eventually get Americans back to work and get America out of the depression they were in. The first way that Roosevelt wanted to restore the people confidence is by hosting his "fireside chats". The fireside chats encouraged Americans to put their money back into the banks as only the sustainable ones were left open. The fireside chats also helped to stabilize and restore confidence in the banks and its customers. He also stabilized and restored banks with the Emergency Banking Act. On March, 6, 1933 Roosevelt shut down all the banks in the nation and forced congress to pass the Emergency Banking Act, which gave the government the power to inspect the health of all the banks and close down the ones that were not seen as healthy. Only the healthy banks were left open. Also, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) ...read more.


Also, people had stopped spending as much and the economy was in danger. To deal with this Roosevelt started the fireside chats which persuaded people to put their money back into the banks. Secondly, Roosevelt introduced the New Deal to provide work for the unemployed. As a result of the depression companies were cutting down on expenses which meant they started to lower the number of staff they had. The economy was suffering because people had stopped spending. As a result of this millions of people were now unemployed and out of money. To help them Roosevelt set up a number of agencies to deal with the unemployment. Most of these agencies gave the unemployed jobs like building or repairing roads, parks, airports, etc which paid little but got them spending. Roosevelt also introduced the New Deal to help those that were in poverty. As a result of the depression a lot of Americans were now in poverty. To help them Roosevelt set up agencies which gave money out to the people who were old, disabled, looking for work or in desperate need of money. Also, Roosevelt introduced the New Deal to help farmers. The depression meant that farmers produce was lowering in price and the value of their farm was decreasing because of over production. ...read more.


Overall, it must be noted that alongside the successes such as restoring banks and the work of the WPA were several problems. For example, big businesses still held enormous power relative to workers and even though America was producing huge amounts during the war, she only just managed to come out of the depression. Also, I believe that the New Deal was a mistake as Roosevelt didn't solve any problems as it was WWII that got America out of depression because it increased employment opportunities. Finally, agencies helped mainly the poor, unemployed, elderly and the banks of America. All these agencies did different things such as: building schools, building roads, dams, airports etc and this helped the unemployment because it gave the unemployed jobs and they made homelessness go down by making soup kitchens and giving blankets. He made sure that there was a small percentage as possible of homeless people and he had achieved that, he also helped farms and farmers who were having trouble and he helped them pay their mortgages. He gave nationwide speeches to help build their confidence and get them back on their feet and to make them feel involved. This shows that he helped America emotionally because he had helped them bring themselves out of the consequences of the Great Depression and the Wall Street crash. ?? ?? ?? ?? The New Deal ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. The crash (causes and consequences of the Wall Street Crash)

    Charities could only supply 6% of necessary funds by 1932 and in Michigan, state funding was reduced from $2m to $832,000 from 1931 -2. Voluntarism Hoover relied on his own belief in voluntarism. He asked business leaders to maintain wages and jobs.

  2. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    This jus gave the New Deal more opponents, as the employers disliked the idea of their workers joining trade unions. The out come was violence. The employers hired thugs to beat up members of trade unions, but nothing could be done.

  1. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    This source is definitely showing a positive view of FDR. Finally source G tells us that FDR is a conman, who because of his endless confusion cannot heal America but still ploughs money into his remedies in the slight hope they might work.

  2. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    it was the case in 1937, as we can see on the photograph of Source D. The New Deal lacked from measures directed to women. Due to the fact that they were considered cheap labour, the number of women employed did increase, however, their wages were half that on men.

  1. T.Roosevelt and the New Deal.

    further, particularly in improving living and working conditions for ordinary people whom he called 'the forgotten men'. He reacted to his critics by introducing more legislation which was sometimes called the 'Second New Deal'. There were many measures but the key ones were passed in 1935.

  2. Source Analysis OCR: Was the New Deal a Success?

    Using these methods Roosevelt is using the tax payer's money, without the desired effects which could be interpreted as wasting the money which supports interpretation two. However this source is from the mid 30's so is only partially useful as it cannot assess the New Deal as a whole.

  1. Was the New Deal a success

    For example Roosevelt had set up the CWA program. Although the CWA did find jobs for millions of people within two months, not all of the jobs had an obvious public value. The CWA hired people to sweep up leaves in their local parks and hired hundreds of people in

  2. Study the following interpretations of the effects of the New Deal. The New Deal ...

    we'll not be neglected', which shows that the people who sung the song must have voted for FDR as well. This song therefore could be deemed as being slightly biased in favour of the New Deal, and FDR, as it possibly was sung by his supporters, however it did represent

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work