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"The New Deal was not a complete success." Explain how far you agree with this statement.

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Introduction

ASSIGNMENT 1 - THE USA, 1919 - 1941 Question (c) "The New Deal was not a complete success." Explain how far you agree with this statement. After looking at all the different laws passed by Roosevelt and their general effect on the economy, I can say that Roosevelt's New Deal were successful. However not everything went as Roosevelt planned. Unemployment was down in the mid-1930s but it shot up again in 1938 which showed that Roosevelt's solution was not permanent. However, unemployment went back down in 1940 because there was a great demand for war goods due to the problems arising in Europe. Farmers were also having problems. Their prices were better but the problems such as 'dust bowls� and poor crop yields were still there. Roosevelt could do nothing about this apart from set up aid agencies to fight the problem which he did. The depression returned to America in 1937/38. However, the S.S.A. (Social Security Act of 1935) was prepared for this and it 'cushioned� the effects. People did not starve and they received unemployment benefit. There were no 'Hoovervilles� like there had been previously when there was no welfare scheme to help the people. This surely is one example of how Roosevelt's schemes were successful. Even though Roosevelt's "New Deal" had some success, it had a lot of opposition. The republicans and the rich opposed the New Deal for many reasons. ...read more.

Middle

Besides his criticism to Roosevelt's plans, he had supported Roosevelt and his schemes of alphabet agencies and acts until 1934, however, Huey Long was extremely unpopular with the rich and he was murdered by a doctor who had been ruined by Longs schemes. Even though Roosevelt's New Deal had so much opposition, overall, it was still popular. Roosevelt aimed to please the poor and the working class and they all thought he was a saviour. His popularity was proved in the 1936 Presidential elections when he won with 61% of the votes. He was voted for again in the 1940 presidential elections. This shows that the public opinion was behind him. Roosevelt's main opposition in the presidential elections was Landan. However, he did not pose a great threat because he was 'buried� in the presidential elections The USA certainly did benefit from some of the schemes from the New Deal. Production rose from 1933 until the war in 1941 and unemployment fell rapidly. (There was a dip in both production and unemployment in 1937, but this was only temporary). However, the government had to borrow heavily to achieve this. The real recovery of the U.S. economy came with the Second World War. Because of war production, unemployment was at its lowest ever. Some figures of those years are these, America's Gross National Product 1928 to 1939: 1928- $100 billion 1933- $55 billion 1939- $85 billion Amount of consumer goods brought 1928 to 1939: 1928- ...read more.

Conclusion

The New Deal was for everyone, not just the wealthy. Many Americans, for the first time, thought Government was working for them. In short, the New Deal 'included the excluded'. The New Deal was not all about unemployment figures. However as stated before the "New Deal" wasn't all a success and these are some of the failures of it. Mainly, the New Deal could not solve the unemployment problem as it never went below 8 million. Neither could the New Deal cope with the new depression of 1937 which sent unemployment back up over 10 million. One reason for this was that many of the jobs either wasted money or were not long term. 'Boondoggle' jobs accomplished little whilst wasting money and the CCC, for example, only provided short term work. Once their contract was up, many workers in the CCC and WPA, for example, found themselves unemployed. I conclude that in my opinion the successes of the "New Deal" out weigh the failures of it. The New Deal may not have fully solved the unemployment problem but it was better than doing nothing and relying on 'rugged individualism'. However, perhaps the main success of the New Deal was the New Deal itself - it brought hope and reassurance to many Americans who, until then, had none it also boosted the economic position and state of the American economy, finally America was becoming the great country it once was and it also proved in the second world war that it was a strong military force as well. David A Ruddock 1173 4N ...read more.

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