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"The New Deal was not a complete success" how far you agree with this statement?

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Introduction

"The New Deal was not a complete success" how far you agree with this statement? In the 1932 elections in America, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was voted into presidency. At this time America was deep in the great Depression, so Roosevelt had to recover USA's economy straight away. He introduced the New Deal which was aimed to solve the many problems of the depression. He hoped the New Deal would succeed and get America back to normal. The New Deal had many successes and failures, and these can be evaluated by how close each program came to completing its goals. There were some aspects which did achieve its goals, such as the Emergency Banking Act which proved to be a complete success. There were also some unhelpful aspects, such as the fact that the poorest citizens, such as unskilled labourers gained very little help. Because of the AAA, 200,000 black sharecroppers were made unemployed. Many workers in big businesses were being underpaid, so Roosevelt set up the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA). The NIRA gave American workers the right to join trade unions. The unions made large corporations negotiate with them and gave workers a minimum wage. However, there were some companies that did not agree and continued underpaying workers. Some sacked or even beat up workers who joined trade unions. ...read more.

Middle

The depression resulted in millions of Americans becoming unemployed because many banks and business went bankrupt and farmers did not need as many farm labourers as they were producing less. Unemployment on this scale was damaging the American economy, so he set up the public works administration (PWA). This opened up millions of labouring jobs building schools, hospitals, court houses, roads and bridges. These building projects not only gave work to millions, but helped make America a better place to live and were important resources (e.g. schools). The creation of all these jobs meant the government would get more money through workers paying tax. The civilian conservation corps (CCC) also gave jobs to young men on environmental projects. This gave jobs to 3 million unemployed men and was good for the environment, for example 200 million trees were planted. This is an example of the New Deal working and it restored a lot of public confidence. During the economic boom, before the depression, farmers were over- producing. Because of this they could not sell all their products and had to sell them cheaply (because it was mass produced). This over-production resulted in the soil becoming dusty and infertile, so nothing could be grown (this was called 'dust bowl'). Many farmers were put out of business and went bankrupt because of it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also it made the public feel as if they were fighting the depression together, which gave a sense of unity and raised the public's confidence in the government. To conclude, the New Deal had not been a complete success, and with the War, it is very hard to tell whether the depression would have eased at all. Roosevelt had not planned for the long-term, so the problems could easily arise again. He made many jobs in the government to solve unemployment. This was an expensive and easy solution to solving the problem of unemployment. He had to increase taxes to pay for all the major building schemes that were taking place to produce more jobs, and also the way he stopped farmers from overproducing (paying them). A lot of jobs were short-term building projects and there was no real preparation for the future. Although he did supply many jobs, these were expensive and resulted in taxes slowly rising. All of these factors combined meant taxes dramatically rose. Although he made changes from the previous Republican President, he still neglected women and black Americans. His plans were not fool proof. The Second World War the actual reason for the end of the depression, it brought America into almost full economic recovery, with almost no unemployment. Without the war, I feel that the depression would have deepened again, and unless some unlooked for help came, I fear that the depression would have lasted for many more years. ...read more.

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