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The New Deal was set up by Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat.

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Introduction

a) The New Deal was set up by Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat. There was two New Deals, both combating the problems faced by Depression. Roosevelt devised schemes to bring America back to its prosperity. He stated, "I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people." Roosevelt's main aims were getting Americans back to work, protecting their savings and poverty, providing relief for the sick, old and unemployed and getting American industry and agriculture back on its feet. These would all be done thorough the main features that were set up-the Alphabet Agencies. The first of Roosevelt's schemes was the 'Hundred days�. The 'Hundred Days� was a relief program in which Roosevelt passed 15 laws which tackled some of America's biggest problems, all within Hundred days. First of all, Roosevelt introduced the Emergency Banking Act (EBA). The EBA was designed to end the banking crisis in America. All banks were closed for ten days and only those approved by the federal government were allowed to reopen. Roosevelt used the radio to talk directly to the citizens of America. On the radio Roosevelt explained his policies through a series of 'fireside� chats. He explained that he was doing something to help America and that he would need their cooperation. The public was obviously convinced that Roosevelt was on their side because when the banks reopened, many people began to reinvest their money in a reopened bank. Within the 'Hundred Days� relief program, there was also a rapid program of legislation which would help solve the country's problems. The other Acts within the 'Hundred Days� were the AAA, TVA, HOLC and NIRA. All of these schemes were aimed to bring relief to as many people as they could and to bring the relief quickly. Although these agencies were set up in the 'Hundred Days', the main concern was relief. This was achieved by setting up shelters and soup kitchens to feed the millions of unemployed. ...read more.

Middle

By diverting the river via dams, the Tennessee Valley could prosper and become fertile land. Although not a major influence in the New deal, Prohibition was also on going but was immediately lost once Roosevelt was inaugurated. The crime rate had increased because of this amendment and was not helping many people. It was part of the economy and brought in money. The crime rate did not help the depression so its loss helped the New Deal. In conclusion, Roosevelt needed to implement the New Deal, for social, political and economic reasons. Socially the loss of confidence in many things such as the government and banks. Also the loss of pride that had hit them which was unknown to one of the greatest empires of that time. Politically the lack of respect for the government as Hoover had done nothing great to combat the depression and believed fully in his policies. Economically the whole country was in the 'slums'. The banks were closing and many people did not invest for fear of closure of that bank. The industrial production and farm production fell by 40% and average wages fell by 60%. A main reason was the Depression and the consequences of it. These all lead to Roosevelt introducing the New Deal. c) The depression had hit the Americans very hard, destroying their American Dream. Before the Wall Street Crash, Hoover had said, "We in America are nearer to the final triumph over poverty then ever before. The poor man is vanishing from among us." This statement had meaning as in the period of the 1920's, there was a second revolution going on in America. The Republicans, with their attitude of laissez-faire, were in control, but once the Depression set in, many Americans looked elsewhere for a government for them. They chose Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat, who quickly set up Alphabet agencies to help combat the consequences of the Depression. ...read more.

Conclusion

He was voted for again in the 1940 presidential elections. This shows that the public opinion was behind him. The New Deal established government responsibility for the welfare of the economy and the American people. Contemporaries thought that it was going closer to socialism, but modern historians believe that it was the reverse-that it went back to before the depression and did not cause much reform. Others believed that it was just an extension of progression and that it would have come sooner or later. At the beginning, Roosevelt was taking off where Hoover had left, but soon this became constant government participation in economic activities, a complete change from the policies of the republicans. However, the greatest achievement was to restore faith in American democracy at a time when people believed that the only choice left was between communism and fascism. Its greatest failure was that it did not bring complete economic recovery which was the main augment that the New Deal was not a complete success. Also the depression was only fully removed because of Americas involvement in the Second World War In conclusion, the evidence shows that there were mixed reactions to then outcome to the New deal. At the time, many people would have said that it was a saviour as it brought hope to them and confidence back for the banks and the government, but it also showed that they could not fight the really poor and unemployed people. I agree with the statement 'the New deal was not a complete success' as it did use to much power to get its laws through and changing the Supreme Court was a step to far, but I also believe that it is very difficult to make anything a complete success and the fact that many people did support Roosevelt that it was a success to them. He set up agencies that are still around today and have benefited the country such as social security. These points prove that the new Deal was a success, but not a complete one. Ambareen Naqvi 1 Candidate No: Spring Term 2003 Second Assignment ...read more.

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