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"The only reason the USSR went in o afghanistan was to crush islamic fundamentalism."

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Introduction

"The only reason the USSR went in o afghanistan was to crush islamic fundamentalism." "The only reason they failed was the strength of islamic fundamentalism" How valid are these statements? There were numerous reasons why USSR went in to Afghanistan and why they failed. Thus these two statements are both true only to a certain extent. USSR went in to Afghanistan to crush islamic fundamentalism because it was a threat to the Soviet's communist regime which included decrees abolishing usury, banning forced marriages, state recognition of women's rights to vote, replacing religious and traditional laws with secular and Marxist ones, banning tribal courts, and land reform. Men were obliged to cut their beards, women couldn't wear a burqa, and mosque visiting was forbidden. Which were all indeed the main principles of islamic fundamentalism. USSR was scared that Islamic fundamentalism would spread to the muslim population in the USSR and cause revolts which would then weaken the cohesion of the Soviet Union. ...read more.

Middle

Another reason for USSR's intervention in Afghanistan is to maintain their influence in the strategic region. It was important for the USSR's reputation globally to maintain the peace around their neighbouring countries. Otherwise they would seem weak and in a cold war an image counts a lot, thus if you seem weak you will lose. Thus Afghanistan was the perfect place for USSR to show its power to the rest of the world. As to conclude all my points, it was only to a certain extent that USSR went in to Afghanistan to crush Islamic fundamentalism.There were many other reasons for the USSR'S intervention in Afghanistan which include the friendship treaty, the reputation, ans etc. It could also be thought as the iceberg's unseen mass under water. The second statement which claims that the only reason why USSR failed in Afghanistan was because Mujaheddin( the afghan fundamentalist leader) ...read more.

Conclusion

Thus the same scene as in Vietnam, the soldiers being on drugs, was up again. Both these factors weakened the Red army and led them to a failure. The Red Army failed economically as well. The cost of the war was over 8 billion dollars which was too much for the USSR to afford. Because it was too expensive for the USSR Gorbachev decided to give up the fight and pull the troops out. Although some historians claim that eventhough the aid Afghanistan got from the US seemed to be higher than of the USSR's expenses if USSR had not pulled back the troops and fight for another year, they could have won. At last, there were many reasons for the intervention of the USSR in to Afghanistan as well as the reasons why they failed. It was more than the Islamic fundamentalism itself, thus both statements are true only to a certain extent. Zeynep Hatipoglu 13th Grade, History ...read more.

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