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The Origins of French Rev DBQ

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Introduction

Source-based questions: Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette and the Monarchy 1. How useful is this source to a historian studying the weaknesses of Louis XVI? Source A is useful to a historian studying the weaknesses of Louis XVI because it is from a primary source. It contains Marie Antoinette's brother, Joseph II of Austria's perspective towards Louis XVI and his government. He wrote how the King could change his ministers but he could never become the master of his business and how he treated petty intrigues with great care and attention while he neglected the important affairs which concerned the state. In addition, he mentions about the aristocratic despotism. Williams, the author of this source, describes how the "King had not the willpower to over-ride the opposition to measures which he thought were right...too easily succumbed to the various pressure-groups at Versailles." ...read more.

Middle

The arguments used in these sources are not fully supported; they aren't solid or concrete proofs. Most of the arguments lack analysis and evidence to support the argument. There seems to be more facts that agree with the Louis XVI's role in the origins of the French Revolution than the points that disagree with Louis XVI's role. 3. 'The financial crises rather than the absolutism of the French monarchy caused Revolution in 1789.' Explain whether you agree or disagree with this statement. I agree and disagree at the same time because it was the financial crisis and the absolutism of the French monarchy that caused the Revolution in 1789. There is no doubt that the ineffectiveness of the absolutism of the French monarchy led to the financial crises. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, since the King was weak and was 'controlled' by his ministers, who were mostly comprised of nobles from the Second Estate, the reforms were rejected because it went in favor of the people of the Third Estate and 'challenged' the privileges of the Second Estate. Therefore, many nobles (bourgeois that bought the nobility-ennoblement) were furious about the constant rejection of the reforms that they started the Revolt of the Nobles which triggered the French Revolution. It is clear that if France did not have a financial crisis, the French Revolution would've never staged. Also, if the absolutism of the French monarchy was effective than none of these problems would've occurred: the financial crisis and the French Revolution. Thus, it was the absolutism of the French monarchy and the financial crises that caused the French Revolution in 1789. ...read more.

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