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The origins of the Cold War: Question 1: Identify and explain why the members of the wartime Grand Alliance began to have serious differences in 1945?

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Introduction

The origins of the Cold War: Question 1: Identify and explain why the members of the wartime Grand Alliance began to have serious differences in 1945? The members of the wartime Grand Alliance had serious differences in 1945 for a variety of reasons. To begin with, the ideological differences between the Western allies and the Soviet Union were great and it is important to note that the single factor that brought these conflicting political ideas together, would be the Nazi regime of Hitler. There are several other factors that caused tension between the wartime allies especially the opening of a second front, distrust between the West and the communists, the soviet claim of a buffer zone and the use of atomic power. At a lesser scale, the American government had differences with the British over their imperialist policies which went against Wilson's fourteen points which highlighted democracy and freedom for all. ...read more.

Middle

The West and the communists definitely had reasons to distrust each other, hence the serious differences in 1945. The other major cause of the breakdown of the Grand Alliance was the question of the future of Poland and the division of Germany. The USSR had always felt threatened by Germany ever since she was knocked out of WW1. Hitler's betrayal of the Non-Aggression pact reassured Stalin that non-communist governments could be trusted. Security and internal development was therefore a serious concern for Stalin, who therefore felt that it was his right to assert influence in Germany, Poland & Eastern Europe so as to create a buffer zone. The West was against this as they believed that Europe would be threatened by the USSR and this was an attempt by Stalin to start world domination. The US had desired that Germany become a European centre for economic excellence which was the opposite of what Stalin wanted. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin therefore did not join the IMF or World Bank. Finally, the Atomic Bomb which the USA used was also a cause for conflict with the USSR. The USA refused to share this technology with the Soviets which was unfair considering they were war allies. It was obvious that Truman was attempting to keep the Soviets out of the Asian arena by dropping the A-Bomb as any victory could be attributed solely to the USA. This led to an arms race with Stalin attempting to build a Soviet Bomb. This arms race ensured that military tests and operations were secretive between the two nations which were both weary of each other. To conclude, the main reasons that sparked off the 'Cold War' were the ideological differences, the future of Poland, the division of Germany, the Economic reconstruction and the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. Tensions also ensued between Britain and the USA over Britain's imperialist policies but this soon came to an end upon Truman's assumption of the role of president of the USA. ...read more.

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