• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The origins of the Cold War: Question 1: Identify and explain why the members of the wartime Grand Alliance began to have serious differences in 1945?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The origins of the Cold War: Question 1: Identify and explain why the members of the wartime Grand Alliance began to have serious differences in 1945? The members of the wartime Grand Alliance had serious differences in 1945 for a variety of reasons. To begin with, the ideological differences between the Western allies and the Soviet Union were great and it is important to note that the single factor that brought these conflicting political ideas together, would be the Nazi regime of Hitler. There are several other factors that caused tension between the wartime allies especially the opening of a second front, distrust between the West and the communists, the soviet claim of a buffer zone and the use of atomic power. At a lesser scale, the American government had differences with the British over their imperialist policies which went against Wilson's fourteen points which highlighted democracy and freedom for all. ...read more.

Middle

The West and the communists definitely had reasons to distrust each other, hence the serious differences in 1945. The other major cause of the breakdown of the Grand Alliance was the question of the future of Poland and the division of Germany. The USSR had always felt threatened by Germany ever since she was knocked out of WW1. Hitler's betrayal of the Non-Aggression pact reassured Stalin that non-communist governments could be trusted. Security and internal development was therefore a serious concern for Stalin, who therefore felt that it was his right to assert influence in Germany, Poland & Eastern Europe so as to create a buffer zone. The West was against this as they believed that Europe would be threatened by the USSR and this was an attempt by Stalin to start world domination. The US had desired that Germany become a European centre for economic excellence which was the opposite of what Stalin wanted. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin therefore did not join the IMF or World Bank. Finally, the Atomic Bomb which the USA used was also a cause for conflict with the USSR. The USA refused to share this technology with the Soviets which was unfair considering they were war allies. It was obvious that Truman was attempting to keep the Soviets out of the Asian arena by dropping the A-Bomb as any victory could be attributed solely to the USA. This led to an arms race with Stalin attempting to build a Soviet Bomb. This arms race ensured that military tests and operations were secretive between the two nations which were both weary of each other. To conclude, the main reasons that sparked off the 'Cold War' were the ideological differences, the future of Poland, the division of Germany, the Economic reconstruction and the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. Tensions also ensued between Britain and the USA over Britain's imperialist policies but this soon came to an end upon Truman's assumption of the role of president of the USA. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Falklands war question. Factors that helped the British win.

    This was useful because the Argentines were scared and so the Mirage fighters which were bound to attack were held back to prevent another British bombing. This illustrated that Britain delayed the Argentine plans which gave them time to prepare even better for the next battle.

  2. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    The role played by other people in the end of the USSR was certainly significant, as some of the key measures for the break-up of the USSR were carried out not by Gorbachev but people like Yeltsin and the deputies of the parliament.

  1. The Cold War - major events. Revision notes.

    they wont put them there The October crises * In 1962 U-2 USA plane flight over Cuba -> They have found out that there are missiles in Cuba built by USSR (some were finished, some were being built) * Also 20 ships from USSR were on the way to supply Cuba with missiles What happened next?

  2. Differing Viewpoints on the Origins of the Cold War

    To reach this goal, the Soviet Union had to guarantee its security from any possible attack from Germany. It was vital for them therefore to approach the governments in the countries bordering their own to make sure that there would be no possible threat to them in the future.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Also, NATO may never have been formed. Explain why relations between USA and USSR changed in the years 1949-55 (12 marks) One reason was because of the Arms Race. Both superpowers were competing against each other to build up the best military defence.

  2. How important was the nuclear arms race in the development of tensions during the ...

    This heightened the climate of suspicion between them. Within the cold war, things almost turned hot. In 1950, the Korean War took place. The North Koreans (supported by the Soviets), invaded South Korea (supported by the USA). This event was a war between the Capitalists and Communists but took place

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Stalin was trying to force the Allies to pull out of their sectors and abandon plans for separate development in their German zones. June Western powers announced plans to create a West German State and introduced a new currency (Deutschmark).

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    People wanted to know how China could have been lost to Soviet Bloc (however the Communists had succeded after a long internal struggle and the failure of Chaing Kai-Shek to provide effective leadership. It welcomed the development but there was little that the USSR had done to assist the communist

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work