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The Policy of Appeasement

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Introduction

The Policy of Appeasement By Omar Omar Y10A Controversial even now, historians and war critics have been in debate whether or not the policy of Appeasement was justified enough. In this essay I will present evidence and facts for both sides before reaching a conclusion based on my understanding of the subject. To appease means 'to pacify and conciliate and bring peace of mind'. To British politicians at the time this may have seemed a good idea, but by all view the policy failed to either satisfy Hitler or bring peace of mind. When Hitler rose to power in Germany in 1933 he had made his intentions clear. To list a few of his aims he planned to expand German territory and restore her both politically, economically and-militarily. He had said so in his 'My Struggle' book when he said that 'all our strength is needed to raise up our nation once more from the embrace of the international python'. As for gaining new territory he explicitly stated that 'colonization of the eastern frontiers is of extreme importance'. ...read more.

Middle

4 years earlier he had tried to take over Austria but now he renewed his interests. There are a few reasons why he wanted Austria. Firstly, it was the country of his birth and had strong affections for it. Secondly, it was a German-speaking country. Hitler believed that both belonged in 'one greater Germany'. Many Austrians were pleased at the prospect of uniting with Germany as their country was economically weak. Hitler ordered the Nazi party in Germany to stage demonstrations calling for union to make it look like Austrian Chancellor Schuschnig was unable to run his own country. When he asked for British and French aid he was refused it so he had no choice but to call for a referendum calling for Austrians to vote whether or not they wanted union. In March 1938 Hitler sent his troops to 'watch over' the voting process. Not surprisingly, given the situation, %100 voted pro-union. Hitler now had his eye on another country-Czechoslovakia. He wanted to take over its German-speaking population, mostly found in an area called the Sudetenland. ...read more.

Conclusion

Besides, Britain had its own problems, facing high unemployment and a long economic drought. It would need the backing of the rest of the Empire and the USA. They were not sure Commonwealth countries would support another war while the US had an isolation (neutral) policy. In truth, the appeasement did nothing but encourage Hitler to take bigger risks. According to the views of some critics had Britain and France threatened Germany with war then it would've backed off as it was not ready to fight. The opposite pro-appeasement argument is that the Appeasement Policy was right at the time as it bought time for Britain to build up its forces in case it went to war. Also Hitler was opposing the USSR meaning that if Britain gave Hitler what he wanted then he could fight of the USSR for them. However, this was very unlikely as Germany herself was still building up its army. In short, the Appeasement had failed as by trying to avoid war at all costs had brought on the very thing that Britain had been trying to avoid from the very start-war. A big reason was that Chamberlain and the British took Hitler to be a rational actor who would remain true to his word. ...read more.

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