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The present site at Middleham encompasses the remains of a eleventh century motte and baily and a fifteenth century baronial castle. Why did the early style castle develop into that which stood there by 1480?

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Introduction

The present site at Middleham encompasses the remains of a eleventh century motte and baily and a fifteenth century baronial castle. Why did the early style castle develop into that which stood there by 1480? By Carl S Richardson The early style castle developed into that, that stood in 1480 because of multiple reasons but the main reason is that the castle needed to become stronger, if it was ever to be needed in a battle or war. Middleham started off as a motte and baily (to the left), basically meaning mound and middle. The motte was usually an artificial hill with the keep placed on top of it. The baily was a smaller hill with everyday buildings on it, mainly though residential buildings. After the Norman Conquest in 1066 a string of Motte and bailys were constructed to keep a eye on certain areas so rebellions against William duke of Normandy were known before they struck, also the castles were quick and ...read more.

Middle

The Nevill family were the next to inherit Middleham in 1270, through marriages Ralf Nevill was the next to add to Middleham in 1355. He added the curtain wall (to the left) which is a stone wall which surrounded the castle. This was added to also increase defence. Ralf 4th Nevill lord added the most to Middleham in the fifteenth century. The first thing he did was to increase the south and west curtain wall size to make defences more efficient. A gate was added to the east wall to make entering the castle easier for town's people east of the castle. More residential areas are also added as Nevill had altogether 23 children and more people wanted to live in the castle as it was luxurious. When Nevil passed away in Richard Nevill, earl of Salisbury was given Middleham and it was in this time the north range was thought to be added. ...read more.

Conclusion

Edwards's brother was Richard 3rd duke of Gloucester who was put in charge of the north and Middleham. He was to add the final floor above the great hall to Middleham castle in the fifteenth century. The final floor was and still is a mystery, to why it was added. A believed reason is to give the great hall extra sunlight, but this could of being done more cheaply by just replacing the existing windows. The most popular reason is that the floor was added to add more splendour to Middleham castle and to also create a significant chamber for anyone of importance who came to visit Middleham (to the left). Middleham developed from the motte and baily style to the baronial (to the left) style because it needed to impress and be defensive enough to warn off an attack from civil war and war from other countries close to the castle like Wales and Scotland. If the changes had not being made to Middleham the ancient castle would have died long ago. ...read more.

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