• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The present site at Middleham encompasses the remains of a eleventh century motte and baily and a fifteenth century baronial castle. Why did the early style castle develop into that which stood there by 1480?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The present site at Middleham encompasses the remains of a eleventh century motte and baily and a fifteenth century baronial castle. Why did the early style castle develop into that which stood there by 1480? By Carl S Richardson The early style castle developed into that, that stood in 1480 because of multiple reasons but the main reason is that the castle needed to become stronger, if it was ever to be needed in a battle or war. Middleham started off as a motte and baily (to the left), basically meaning mound and middle. The motte was usually an artificial hill with the keep placed on top of it. The baily was a smaller hill with everyday buildings on it, mainly though residential buildings. After the Norman Conquest in 1066 a string of Motte and bailys were constructed to keep a eye on certain areas so rebellions against William duke of Normandy were known before they struck, also the castles were quick and ...read more.

Middle

The Nevill family were the next to inherit Middleham in 1270, through marriages Ralf Nevill was the next to add to Middleham in 1355. He added the curtain wall (to the left) which is a stone wall which surrounded the castle. This was added to also increase defence. Ralf 4th Nevill lord added the most to Middleham in the fifteenth century. The first thing he did was to increase the south and west curtain wall size to make defences more efficient. A gate was added to the east wall to make entering the castle easier for town's people east of the castle. More residential areas are also added as Nevill had altogether 23 children and more people wanted to live in the castle as it was luxurious. When Nevil passed away in Richard Nevill, earl of Salisbury was given Middleham and it was in this time the north range was thought to be added. ...read more.

Conclusion

Edwards's brother was Richard 3rd duke of Gloucester who was put in charge of the north and Middleham. He was to add the final floor above the great hall to Middleham castle in the fifteenth century. The final floor was and still is a mystery, to why it was added. A believed reason is to give the great hall extra sunlight, but this could of being done more cheaply by just replacing the existing windows. The most popular reason is that the floor was added to add more splendour to Middleham castle and to also create a significant chamber for anyone of importance who came to visit Middleham (to the left). Middleham developed from the motte and baily style to the baronial (to the left) style because it needed to impress and be defensive enough to warn off an attack from civil war and war from other countries close to the castle like Wales and Scotland. If the changes had not being made to Middleham the ancient castle would have died long ago. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Kenilworth Castle - Site Analysis********

    attractive crenulations that were not big enough to protect the archers and also decorative arrow slits were added). All of these aspects transformed the once fortress into a palace. This is leisters building today, as you can see, the picture shows that it is a ruin but you can still get a good, vague idea of it's shape and size.

  2. Why was a castle built and maintained in York?

    court' (crown court), a 'Female prison' and then a further prison built a bit more recently (between 1825 and 1934). It can be seen that although the purposes of York castle changed many times, all stayed within the law an order theme.

  1. How and Why Did The Rebecca Riots Develop?

    who held a certain opinion - these readers could have been biased against the poor. The reporter does not seem to have investigated the reasons behind the riots, but uses the word 'everyone' when describing the number of people hiding indoors.

  2. Kenilworth Castle

    From my own knowledge the ditch was used to stop enemies reaching the castle. In the periods 1200-1390 the typical developments of castles were gatehouse, a mere, a causeway, curtain wall and towers. These developments were all for defence. This was very typical of castles to have these developments.

  1. Do you think Lumsdale was a successful choice for the site of these mills?

    In the 17th century, Lumsdale was no worse than anywhere because packhorses and wagons were used by everyone and there were no more sophisticated modes of transport, therefore no competition between different industrial sites. Lumsdale was a good choice at first, but later on, as Cromford rose, Lumsdale fell after being largely superseded.

  2. Ludlow Castle Coursework.

    The portcullis was important in the fortress stage as it prevented the enemy access in to the castle. Crenulations were also an important feature in the fortress stage of the castle as it protected the castle. The castle also went through a palatial stage in its life too.

  1. Am I not a Man and a brother?

    We were separated within a second. Of course, the two men whom grabbed us never did know neither what we were doing with our hands nor what their easy, simple grabs meant for us. I am not the only one who went through this, many of us whom I know

  2. Ludlow Castle.

    The battle of Hastings was in fact the reason why castles were invented William of Normandy came up with the clever idea of a castle as not only did they keep the enemy out, it was also a base for people involved in the battles.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work