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The reasons behind the two revolutions in Russia in 1917

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´╗┐The causes of the two 1917 revolutions in Russia The situation in the Russian Empire in 1905 was unstable. There was an attempted revolution that made the Tsar Nicholas grant an elected parliament which was called the Duma .By the time the year 1917 arrived, it was clear that the Duma did not change Russia?s state ,the situation was now critical. This lead to two revolutions: the Revolution of March and the Bolshevik Revolution of November. These two events lead to the abdication of The Tsar Nicholas II, the end of the Russian Empire, the Bolsheviks taking power and the start of the Russian civil war. Throughout March 1917 the conditions in the Russian capital (Petrograd) became worse. Workers began striking on the 7th of March. Steel factory workers marched down the streets of Petrograd to express their discontentment. ...read more.


After this happened on the 14th of March, Nicholas had no longer the support of the Russian Army .The next day revolutionaries stopped the Tsar?s train on the way to Petrograd, Nicholas had not choice but to abdicate .He wanted to give his throne to Alexis or the Grand Duke Michael but both refused . These events were caused by low moral and huge unhappiness amongst the Russian people. Russia was defeated by Japan in 1905. The economy was also starting to grow at the time in Russia. The amount of factories doubled within the past few years causing the people to pay higher taxes. The workers were forced to work in harsh conditions in the factories. Russia was dealing with an unfair and oppressive government where the Tsar ruled everyone and everything and where he made terrible decisions and did not keep his promises. ...read more.


On the morning of the 7th of November the Bolsheviks took the Winter Palace and the few inexperienced soldiers guarding it. The ministers of the Government surrendered. Now the capital was under the Bolsheviks control . The Provisional Government fell so quickly because they took very unpopular decisions. They kept Russia in the ?Great War? and Kerensky in June called for a massive Russian attack which was a catastrophe. The Provisional Government had to share power with the Petrograd Soviet Committee. They did not have the support of the Army. Kerensky promised the peasants land and a constitutional assembly. He did not keep them . Lenin returned from exile and now the Soviets had a leader. Lenin and the Bolsheviks proposed attractive promises that were: to end ?the war to end all wars? and to give land to the peasants and promises of more food. ...read more.

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