• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The relationship between the USA and USSR dramatically changed between the years 1943-56.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Did Relationship Change Between 1943-56 Russia and USA The relationship between the USA and USSR dramatically changed between the years 1943-56. In this essay I will be exploring factors and events that lead to this relation change including the Potsdam Conference, Secret Telegrams, The Berlin Blockade, and the Marshall Plan. I will then asses which of these were the most important. The first signs of tension between these two superpowers were shown during the Potsdam Conference in 1945. This was the final meeting of the three leaders of the Grand Alliance. They addressed the question of the government of Europe following the German surrender. There was a large disagreement on reparations in Germany; the USSR wanted to impose heavy reparations whereas America wanted to be rebuilt. The Allies compromised whereby each ally would control a zone and takes reparations from that. Stalin argued that his zone was poorer so the Western Allies agreed to give him a quarter of their industrial equipment. During the conference Truman tried to assert his authority by using the development of the atomic bomb as the master card as it gave him the power to destroy entire enemy cities without risking American life. ...read more.

Middle

The Long Telegram informed Truman that Stalin wanted to destroy capitalism and that there could be no peace while the USSR was opposed to Capitalism. Similarly Novikov's Telegram informed Stalin that America desired to dominate the world and that the US public were prepared for war. Along with the Potsdam Conference this was also a very important significant event in showing a change in relation as, the telegrams caused the complete breakdown of the Grand Alliance as America and Russia now saw each other as opponents. Both countries thought that the other was trying to plan world domination. However is still believed that the Potsdam Conference was more important as it was the catalyst of these events. To weaken the attraction of communism, Truman introduced the Marshall Plan which would lend $13 billion of America's money to rebuild the shattered economies of Europe after World War II. In an attempt to contain communism. However, in order to qualify for American money, European countries had to agree to trade freely with America. The Marshall Plan had fatal consequences. ...read more.

Conclusion

President Truman responded with the Berlin airlift, which involved allied planes transporting supplies to West Berlin around the clock, which at its height provided 170,000 tonnes of supplies during January 1947. The airlift prevented the blockade from succeeding but made relations between the two powers a lot worse as Truman's response was peaceful and made Stalin's military blockade appear highly aggressive which greatly angered Stalin and resulted in the end of the blockade in September 1949. This was a key turning point as it showed Stalin that America would not hesitate to retaliate is the USSR did something they didn't agree with, which resulted in a further breakdown of relationships. Overall I can conlude that although all of the events I have mentioned did cause tension between the Soviet Union and America which therefore resulted in the crumbling of a relationship between them. However, I believe that the Potsdam Conference was the most important factor compared to the others as it was the catalyst and if signs of tension had not shown during the conference and America and the USSR stayed allies then none of the other events that I have mentioned would have ever taken place. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How did relations between USA & USSR change in the years 1955-62?

    Eventually the barbed wire turned into a wall and all defectors were stopped, still Kennedy was powerless and unable to do anything. This portrayed Khrushchev as a strong leader as no western leaders could challenge him. The results of this were that free access in the city had ended and the flow of refugees also ceased.

  2. Why did the relationship between the USA and USSR change between 1975 and 1990

    The USSR was maintaining the Brezhnev doctrine. The USA was already uneasy about its position in the Middle East due to the Pro Western ruler of Iran, the Shah, being replaced by an Islamic Republic. As the USA now had no influence in the Middle East they began to worry

  1. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    Soviet media called it "organised crime" (MG+tEoSP P33). There was also the issue of the nomenklatura (the system of appointing an office or position) who "strengthened public alienation from the ruling class" (MG+tEoSP P18). Gorbachev himself saw the "rise of corruption" (MGM P216), which is also confirmed by Zubok "how awful and corrupt was the 'system'" (ZA P72).

  2. Why did relations between the USA and the USSR change in the peroid from ...

    Thirdly which contributed to the mistrust of the superpowers were the coalition governments that were set up. They included communists and non-communists. Since Eastern Europe was mainly agricultural, with land worked by peasants, most non-communists came from the political parties who represented peasants and small farmers.

  1. How did the Red scare and McCarthyism become such a dominant force in the ...

    Its two main points were: 1. All communist organisations had to be registered with the US government 2. No communist could work in the defence industries or carry a US passport. Now the publics hate and fear of Communism, was being met by the Government, and the establishment of the McCarran act.

  2. In February 1943, the German army surrendered at Stalingrad. Was Hitler's interference the main ...

    This was problematic, as the 6th army was not strong enough alone to capture Stalingrad, and the 4th tank army was never able to fully secure the oil before they were sent to try and rescue the 6th. Hitler's interference in this case was really quite a significant factor, meant

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Explain why Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces invaded Czechoslovakia in 1968 (12 marks) Alexander Dubcek, leader of Czechoslovakia, wanted to introduce reforms into the system after Brezhnev made his ?socialism with a human face? policy. Dubcek was friends with Brezhnev and reassured him that the reforms weren?t a threat and that Czechoslovakia would not leave the Warsaw Pact.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    of Crises: Berlin Wall 1961, Cuba 1962, Czechoslovakia 1968 Berlin Wall Nature The Second Berlin Crisis - Broke out in November 1958 when Khruschev issues the first of several Berlin ultimatums - Confident about Soviet strength because of Sputnik but was also facing criticism from other leaders - 27th November

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work