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The Rights of Races

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Patrick Dwyer Year 10B Assignment 1: The Rights of Races Due Date: Saturday 2/2/2002 This essay will focus on race relations during the mid-twentieth century in the USA. It will show that both the individual and society suffer when basic civil rights are denied. Inequality leads to conflict and may result in, for example, riots, boycotts, criminal injustice, violence, assault and reduced life opportunities in, for example, education and employment. A civil right, by definition is an "enforceable right or privilege, which if interfered with gives rise to an action for injury" (www.lawcornell.edu). Basic civil rights include freedom of speech, the right to vote and equality in public places. "Civil rights are Americas oldest and most valued traditions" (www.aclu.org). The American Government adopted the Bill of Rights as America's basic laws in 1791. ...read more.


Civil rights were not even considered for blacks until almost 100 years later, when black leaders began to emerge, one of the most prominent being Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who, in one of his more famous rallies, "stood on the steps of the Lincoln memorial, quoted Lincoln (eg "all men are created equal" www.showcase.netins.net) and reminded everybody of his words and what they had meant"(www.watson.org). There have been many famous unfair court cases during the course of the Civil Rights movement; one of the most famous was the 'Mississippi Burning' trials (1967). This was the case of the authority-assisted horrifying murder of one black man, one Jewish man, and one white man, pushing for desegregation in Mississippi, "the most totalitarian state in the country" (www.law.umck.edu). The case was tried in front of "one of the three most segregationist judges in Mississippi" (www.law.umkc.edu) ...read more.


It is not considered that a white man wouldn't lie; it was that it was socially unacceptable to admit that a black man was right and white man was wrong. The flocking to the courthouse, instantly convinced of a black mans guilt can be compared to similar cases at the time, for example, The Scottsboro Trials. The appalling events that the blacks had to endure from the whites are shocking and sad, the thinking that one person could be recognized as higher in society based on skin colour is outrageous, the fact that now people are beginning to realise the terrible hate crimes that were committed is scary. The events that blacks in America had to suffer should never be forgotten so that society can remember the importance of civil rights, to remember that when civil rights are denied both the individual and society suffer. ...read more.

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