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The Rise of Nationalism.

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The Rise of Nationalism In the 1800s, a new force rose within the heart of Europe that helped bring about the Great War. The force was nationalism - the belief that loyalty to a person's nation and its political and economic goals comes before any other public loyalty. During the 1800's nationalism took hold among people who shared a common language, history, or culture. Such people began to view themselves as members a national group or nation. Nationalism led to the creation of a new power: Germany through the uniting of many small states. War had a major role in achieving nation unification in Germany. On the other hand, nationalism weakened the eastern European empires of Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Ottoman Turkey. ...read more.


Advances in technology helped aid in making military forces stronger. Machine guns and other new arms fired more accurately and more rapidly that earlier weapons. By the end of the 1800's, technology enabled countries to fight longer and bear greater losses that ever before. A system of military alliances gave European powers a sense of security before World War 1. They formed these alliances with each other for protection and guarantee that other members of the alliance would come to the country's aid if attacked. Although alliances provided protection, the system also created certain dangers. If war came, the alliance system meant that a number of nations would fight, not only the two involved in a dispute. Alliances could force a country to go to war against a nation it had no quarrel with. ...read more.


On June 28, 1914 Archduke Francis Ferdinand visited the city of Sarajevo in Bosnia. This was considered to be one of the biggest mistakes. The day June 28 was the significant day for the Serbians when they lost their independence for the first time. This arose the feeling of nationalism within the heart of the Serbians. was assassinated by a Serbian terrorist named Gavrilo Princip. The Archduke's assassination triggered the outbreak of World War 1. On July 28 Austria-Hungary declard war on Serbia. Because of Austria-Hungary's alliance with Germany, Serbia seeked help from Russia. In 1914 Russia vowed to stand behind Serbia, but first Russia gained support from France. Germany declared war on Russia on Aug. 1, 1914, in response to Russias mobilization. Two days later Germany declared war on France. The German Army swept into Belgium on its way to France. The invasion of Belgium caused Britian to declare war on Germany on Aug. 4 creating a world crisis. ...read more.

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