• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Rise of Nationalism.

Extracts from this document...


The Rise of Nationalism In the 1800s, a new force rose within the heart of Europe that helped bring about the Great War. The force was nationalism - the belief that loyalty to a person's nation and its political and economic goals comes before any other public loyalty. During the 1800's nationalism took hold among people who shared a common language, history, or culture. Such people began to view themselves as members a national group or nation. Nationalism led to the creation of a new power: Germany through the uniting of many small states. War had a major role in achieving nation unification in Germany. On the other hand, nationalism weakened the eastern European empires of Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Ottoman Turkey. ...read more.


Advances in technology helped aid in making military forces stronger. Machine guns and other new arms fired more accurately and more rapidly that earlier weapons. By the end of the 1800's, technology enabled countries to fight longer and bear greater losses that ever before. A system of military alliances gave European powers a sense of security before World War 1. They formed these alliances with each other for protection and guarantee that other members of the alliance would come to the country's aid if attacked. Although alliances provided protection, the system also created certain dangers. If war came, the alliance system meant that a number of nations would fight, not only the two involved in a dispute. Alliances could force a country to go to war against a nation it had no quarrel with. ...read more.


On June 28, 1914 Archduke Francis Ferdinand visited the city of Sarajevo in Bosnia. This was considered to be one of the biggest mistakes. The day June 28 was the significant day for the Serbians when they lost their independence for the first time. This arose the feeling of nationalism within the heart of the Serbians. was assassinated by a Serbian terrorist named Gavrilo Princip. The Archduke's assassination triggered the outbreak of World War 1. On July 28 Austria-Hungary declard war on Serbia. Because of Austria-Hungary's alliance with Germany, Serbia seeked help from Russia. In 1914 Russia vowed to stand behind Serbia, but first Russia gained support from France. Germany declared war on Russia on Aug. 1, 1914, in response to Russias mobilization. Two days later Germany declared war on France. The German Army swept into Belgium on its way to France. The invasion of Belgium caused Britian to declare war on Germany on Aug. 4 creating a world crisis. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. 'The rise and decline of the great powers can be explained by their relative ...

    In Britain the War prompted massive change. Imperially, Britain gained land from Germany and Turkey after the Treaty of Versailles, in Africa. She also gained 'mandates' of Iraq, Iran, Transjordan, Egypt and Palestine and seemed to be imperially at her peak.


    In 1860 a revolt happened in Palermo in Sicily against the King of Naples. Garibaldi who had been planning an armed expedition to save Nice from being annexed back to France, rushed to the aid of Sicily with 1200 volunteers he had gathered.

  1. The Rise of Nation States in Europe

    * The boundaries or frontiers were cleared. * People had the same language and way of life. - 4. The government was efficient and their common concern included every aspect of life of people. - 5. People should have equality before law. - Examples - 3 kinds of government in the 19th century: * 1. Nation-states e.g.

  2. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    The Great Powers could have prevented it; but they did nothing wholeheartedly to do so because of the hostility between Triple Entente and Central Powers. Co-operation was hampered - both sides remained inactive except a half-hearted Russian-Austrian warning against war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work