• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Russian Revolution 1917.

Extracts from this document...


The Russian Revolution 1917. By Marie-Anna Lynch . Introduction. The early part of the 20th Century was an important and troubling time in Russia's History. The division between rich and poor and harsh government reforms caused a revolution culminating in the overthrowing and murder of the Countries ruler, Tsar Nicholas II. The early years of the Tsar. When Nicholas II was crowned, Tsar of Russia in 1896, the crowds flocked to St. Petersburg to cheer, there were so many people that police said that at least 200 people were crushed to death as the crowd surged forward to see the new Tsar whom they called 'the little father of Russia.' In the early 1900's the population was growing rapidly. The working and living conditions were very bad and the Russian Empire was deeply divided in terms of wealth and freedom. Around 80% of Russia's population were peasants, who lived in communes. Living and working conditions for these peasants were dreadful. The peasants living contrasted sharply with those of the aristocracy, who had vast estates, town and country houses, and elegant life styles. ...read more.


He belived that god had placed Russia in his hands to rule as he saw it. He did not have to consult anyone about any decisions he made and consequently could appoint and sack ministers without giving a reason. What was unique about Russia was that this system had survived into the 20th Century. Prime Minister STOLYPIN One of his closest allies was Piort STOLYPIN (1862-1911) who was a conservative politician and the governor of two Imperial Russian Provinces between 1902 and 1905. In May 1906, after the Bloody Sunday fiasco, the Tsar appointed him minister of the Interior and later that same year he became president of the Interior which effectively was the Russian Prime Minister. STOLYPIN attempted to pass a number of reforms through the Duma, which they rejected. His autocratic style alienated him from many politicians, and in 1910 and 1911 he again effected reforms with the help of moderates in the Duma. In 1911 he was assassinated by a revolutionary during an opera performance, and the Tsar lost one of his strongest ministers. ...read more.


When the Tsar took personal command of the army, it went from bad to worse. This was a fatal mistake, as the Tsar was not a particularly able commander. The war went very badly for Russia. By December 1914 the army was in full retreat and had lost over one million men. War enthusiasm had evaporated and food was in short supply. The End of an Era. By 1917 Tsar Nicholas II , had lost control of Russia and as a result he abdicated. In 1918 he and his family were murdered by Bolssheviks during the Russian Civil War, in a lonely house far from his luxurious palaces, which brought an end to that period of Ruissian history. CONCLUSIONS Tsar Nicholas II started off as a popular ruler, but as time past his extravagent lifestyle upset the common people who were starving and living in terrible conditions. A number of unpopular reforms increased his unpopularity. The outbreak of a World War stretched Russia to its limits and he was forced to abdicate. The people wanted change and he and his era were swept aside. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How did living conditions change in towns as a result of the Industrial Revolution ...

    work and hadn't needed to fund for transport from the little wage that they had received. Though , the living near the work place wasn't at all a benefit once people had been living in the established homes for some time .

  2. Why was there a German revolution in 1918 and how far had it gone ...

    However, the USPD did not join and a coalition government would depend on all three parties getting along (a rarity in politics). The revolution in Germany in 1918/19 developed as a result of the undemocratic nature of the 2nd Reich and the economic hardships and military defeat resulting from the German involvement in the First World War.

  1. Why was Nicholas II able to survive the 1905 revolution but was forced to ...

    First police, or Pharaohs as they were known would be used, then Cossacks and then finally the Army. After street fighting with the police, on the second day, the Cossacks were sent out, but they did not interfere. It seemed they supported the people and before long actually aided the protestors.

  2. Why does the Tsar abdicate in 1917?

    the bearded as predicted/ heard in 1839 by the Marquis de Lustre. Workers, in the face of inflation, appalling conditions, and starvation showed social and revolutionary adversary without, the Revisionists point, the help of the revolutionary vanguard. Such economic mismanagement in town and village incensed the proletariat so much that Lenin was able to enjoy the comforts of Switzerland's cafes.

  1. Why did the Tsar abdicate after the 1917 revolution

    The opposition was, The Kadets who were mainly middle class, Social Revolutionaries (Bolsheviks and Mensheviks) who were mainly peasants and The Social Democratic Party (Marxists) who were the main population, industrial workers. In 1905 they all wanted different things. The Kadets wanted two things, these were a constitution monarch and a republic.

  2. Why Did Tsar Nicholas Abdicate Following the 1917 Revolution but not the 1905 Revolution?

    In the end the Tsar and his authorities could not fully control the rioters and strikers and so knew he had to make a deal. He promised to give the people a parliament, Duma, but refused to give it any real power.

  1. The Russian Revolution 1917

    Many people believe that Rasputin was actually unwittingly a major contribution to the fall of the Tsar. There is a great deal of evidence to show how much the public despised Rasputin, owing to his extravagant behaviour, power, and apparent bad influence on the Tsar's family.

  2. Why did the Tsar Abdicate after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 ...

    After the loss against Japan he was shaken up so he relaxed control of the country. This allowed various working groups to join together in protest which later became known as Bloody Sunday. (More on Bld.Sun. later) WWI was a whole different matter in terms of its involvement with the population.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work