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The Russian Revolution 1917.

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Introduction

The Russian Revolution 1917. By Marie-Anna Lynch . Introduction. The early part of the 20th Century was an important and troubling time in Russia's History. The division between rich and poor and harsh government reforms caused a revolution culminating in the overthrowing and murder of the Countries ruler, Tsar Nicholas II. The early years of the Tsar. When Nicholas II was crowned, Tsar of Russia in 1896, the crowds flocked to St. Petersburg to cheer, there were so many people that police said that at least 200 people were crushed to death as the crowd surged forward to see the new Tsar whom they called 'the little father of Russia.' In the early 1900's the population was growing rapidly. The working and living conditions were very bad and the Russian Empire was deeply divided in terms of wealth and freedom. Around 80% of Russia's population were peasants, who lived in communes. Living and working conditions for these peasants were dreadful. The peasants living contrasted sharply with those of the aristocracy, who had vast estates, town and country houses, and elegant life styles. ...read more.

Middle

He belived that god had placed Russia in his hands to rule as he saw it. He did not have to consult anyone about any decisions he made and consequently could appoint and sack ministers without giving a reason. What was unique about Russia was that this system had survived into the 20th Century. Prime Minister STOLYPIN One of his closest allies was Piort STOLYPIN (1862-1911) who was a conservative politician and the governor of two Imperial Russian Provinces between 1902 and 1905. In May 1906, after the Bloody Sunday fiasco, the Tsar appointed him minister of the Interior and later that same year he became president of the Interior which effectively was the Russian Prime Minister. STOLYPIN attempted to pass a number of reforms through the Duma, which they rejected. His autocratic style alienated him from many politicians, and in 1910 and 1911 he again effected reforms with the help of moderates in the Duma. In 1911 he was assassinated by a revolutionary during an opera performance, and the Tsar lost one of his strongest ministers. ...read more.

Conclusion

When the Tsar took personal command of the army, it went from bad to worse. This was a fatal mistake, as the Tsar was not a particularly able commander. The war went very badly for Russia. By December 1914 the army was in full retreat and had lost over one million men. War enthusiasm had evaporated and food was in short supply. The End of an Era. By 1917 Tsar Nicholas II , had lost control of Russia and as a result he abdicated. In 1918 he and his family were murdered by Bolssheviks during the Russian Civil War, in a lonely house far from his luxurious palaces, which brought an end to that period of Ruissian history. CONCLUSIONS Tsar Nicholas II started off as a popular ruler, but as time past his extravagent lifestyle upset the common people who were starving and living in terrible conditions. A number of unpopular reforms increased his unpopularity. The outbreak of a World War stretched Russia to its limits and he was forced to abdicate. The people wanted change and he and his era were swept aside. 1 ...read more.

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