• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Schlieffen Plan

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework - The First World War (1914-1918) a) Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work. There were many factors that led to the outbreak of war in 1914. Here are a few factors: M- Militarism which was each country was building its military. A - Alliances which was the Triple Alliance consisting of Germany, Austria, Hungary and Italy and there was the Triple Entente consisting of France, Russia, and Britain. I- Imperialism which was European countries competed for colonies in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific. N- Nationalism which can be described as pride in ones country and wanting a self government. A- Assassination of the Arch Duke Ferdinand and his wife by a Serbian Terrorist. General Alfred von Schlieffen, who was the top army commander, knew that Germany could not win a war against two countries as they would be beaten. So he devised a plan called The Schlieffen plan. He created this method as he knew there would be an attack against Germany which meant that they would have to fight a war against two fronts; a war against Russians in the east and a war against the French in the west. This made Germany landlocked by these two countries. ...read more.

Middle

One of the causes of the stalemate was the setting up of the trench system. This was a network of underground tunnels dug up by both the sides to conquer each others territory and to protect themselves from any attacks from the opposition. These trenches were created as Germany still occupied some parts of France and Belgium and that German soldiers be required to hold on to these parts at any costs. The proceeding British and French troops also began to dig trenches as they were to quickly understand that it was almost impossible to break these lines of trenches. It was difficult to break the trenches as they would be built in the shape of a zigzag and there would be at least three lines of trenches making it much harder to destroy. So if some one threw a bomb, it will only cause damage to a small area of the trench not the whole line. As I mentioned before there were about three lines of the trenches. You can see this in the diagram opposite. Every trench would be guarded by chains of barbed wire that was 30 metres deep. The first line was the front-line, followed by the second line which was called the support trench and finally the third line was the reserve trench. ...read more.

Conclusion

An example of a plane they would use is an Avro 540 which is shown above. It was created in 1915, and has only space for one person, the pilot. The plane allows you to store lots more fuel than the old model and is able to stay in the sky for quite a long time which would be helpful for spying on the enemy lines. As you can see there is no machine gun on this plane so it is obvious that this plane would have been used for spying missions. These planes were also used as 'spotters'. The job of the spotter was to see how precise there aim was and what needed to be improved to get their bullets to the right mark. This information would then be given to artillery. But this took too much time as the only form of communication with the artillery was to drop messages to them. It could sometimes take quite a while to spot for a small number of guns. On the whole, I think that technology was far more developed than tactics and this led to a lot of deaths and the continuation of stalemate. Also, in most cases the technology was still quite primitive and under-developed and failed to give either side any real advantage. ?? ?? ?? ?? By Simarpreet Bhamrah 10T ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Does General Douglas Haig deserve to be remembered as the butcher of the Somme(TM)?

    Furthermore, there is more evidence of Haig just doing his job. Source 14 tells me that Haig was a well known man as people were crowding around to greet him and welcome him when he came back from France. This source tells me that Haig was a well known man

  2. WW1 Schlieffen plan

    There are four main reasons why this plan did not work as hoped: Belgium put up a lot more resistance than expected, slowing the German forces down considerably. Russia mobilized in 10 days rather than the 6 weeks as expected and so Germany had to pull troops back from France.

  1. Gallic war

    * Results of Actium: 1. Octavian was hailed as imperator for 6th time. 2. Agrippa was sent to Italy to demobilise/settle veterans of both Octavian/Antony's armies. Octavian reassured restless troops they would be paid shortly. 3. In 30, Octavian invaded Egypt.

  2. Free essay

    Why did The Schlieffen Plan fail?

    Another mistake made by the German high command was not taking the British-Belgium agreement into consideration in their plan. Their attack on Belgium not only slowed down their attack and gave Britain time to mobilise but also gave the German soldiers a bad image of ruthlessness and evil.

  1. What was the contribution of tanks towards winning the war for Britain?

    As I have mentioned above, the British presented the Battle of Cambrai as a tank victory. The tanks did not just grow from trees. They cost money (a lot of money) and this is what the British were running out of.

  2. WW1 - technology and trench warfare.

    A soldier told of the rats in the first world war by saying "The rats here are particularly repulsive, they are so fat - the kind we call corpse rats. They have shocking, evil, naked faces, and it is nauseating to see their long, nude tails.

  1. Nuclear Weapons and Disarmament

    powerful for their aid? This shows that sometimes that both religion believe that war can be a necessity. Another important thing that both religions believe in is the sanctity of life and that all life is created by Jesus/ Allah is completely sacred and that it should not be destroyed.

  2. History of Grenada (How to write a short IGCSE essay: Plan, Evaluation of Sources, ...

    regions of Grenada A nutmeg for the production of Nutmegs and Spices -Grenada gets very many tourists every year -Grenada also makes chocolate. ?Grenada Chocolate Company? -Cocoa beans form Grenada -Grenada also exports bananas, and pineapples Evaluation Of Sources Geographica by G.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work