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The Schlieffen Plan

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Introduction

G.C.S.E History Coursework Kate Kings 10T The Schlieffen Plan The Schlieffen plan was thought up in 1905 by the then army chief of staff, Alfred Von Schlieffen. He was asked to devise a plan by the German army to prevent having to fight wars on both fronts. In December of 1905 he began a plan that would help Germany defeat the French if a war was to break out. The plan was brought into action in 1914 because Germany believed that war with Russia was very likely as negotiations had begun to involve Russia in an existing alliance with France and Britain, and the Germans assumed that if war was to break out that France would probably attack them from the west as France was both an ally of Russia and wanted revenge for her defeat in the Franco-Prussian war. If this was to happen Germany would have to fight a war on two fronts and the German army would have to be divided and therefore would not be as strong and less likely to win. ...read more.

Middle

Holland and not through Holland as the Belgium army would not put up as much resistance than the two armies put together so that the Germans could pass through a lot quicker. Also General Von Moltke changed the amount of soldiers that would make up the two armies so that there would be fewer attacking from behind and more fighting on the front line. And finally Germany attacked Paris from the east where they were met by the French army at the battle of the Marne, which slowed the German army down. G.C.S.E History Coursework Kate Kings 10T Why did a Stalemate develop on the Western Front? A stalemate developed on the western front mainly because both sides used trenches. The trench system gave both armies high protection from gunfire and because of this neither side was able to advance. By 1914 both sides were dug into trenches which ran from Switzerland and reached up to the channel coast. ...read more.

Conclusion

Heavy artillery bombardments were used to weaken enemy lines, but this made the opposition be prepared for when this happened an attack was often on the way G.C.S.E History Coursework Kate Kings 10T The Schlieffen Plan Why Was the Stalemate on the Western Front Finally Broken? The four-year stalemate on the western front was finally broken for a few main reasons. Firstly new technology such as tanks helped largely to break the deadlock. The first tank was introduced in 1916 towards the end of the war by the British army; and it only travelled at an average of 3mph. Although it was very slow its heavily armoured body defended it from oncoming gunfire and with its tracks that ran around the wheels. This enabled it to go over the barbed wire, which had caused a lot of deaths earlier in the war and trenches, which before were hard to reach with only infantry. The tanks would move across no mans land slowly with the infantry following behind. The tanks being able to go over most obstacles helped the British army gain lots of land ...read more.

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