• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Second World War and the development of the civil rights campaign of Black Americans.

Extracts from this document...


a) Freedom riders were a group of civil rights activists working for the Congress Of Racial Equality who were determined that the supreme courts decision of desegregating buses, waiting rooms and bus terminals were enforced as buses in the Southern states were still being segregated. b) The Second World War was important in the development of the civil rights campaign as Black Americans were given the opportunity to press for the equality of civil rights. Before the war Black Americans served in separate units to white Americans, they were not allowed to become airforce pilots, Black Americans blood could not be given to White Americans for transfusions and also black nurses could not look after white soldiers, and American companies would not employ blacks. ...read more.


As black people's expectations for change rose they became more active in campaigning for civil rights. The arrival of large numbers of Black Americans from the South created racial tensions in some cities during the 1940's. c) In the 1950's and 60's Martin Luther King used peaceful protests and non-violence in order to try to improve the position of Black Americans as he believed in taking direct actions such as sit-ins to challenge the law on segregation. MLK also set up an organisation called 'The Southern Christian Leadership Conference' which was to set up to fight against racial segregation by using peaceful protests. It ran conferences and civil rights protestors. Sit-ins were influenced by Ghandi. In 1965 Selma, Alabama, protests were organised to end segregation in public facilities. ...read more.


Although segregation had ended in the South there was racial discrimination in the North which hadn't been addressed by the Civil Rights movement. By 1965, 50% of all black Americans lived in the North and most of them lived in ghettos were there was high unemployment and extreme poverty. The average black families income was half of a white family. Stokely Carmichael was elected chairman of SNCC who said "I am not going to beg the white man for anything I deserve, I am going to take it, we want black power". This excited many black people with the idea that they should control their social, economic and political lives. Blacks began to abandon the non-violent approach influenced by MLK as they believed that King's method was never going to work. So they thought why not fight back? The Black Panthers founded in 1966, urged blacks to arm themselves and confront white society in order to force whites to grant them equality. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Political, Economic and Social Impacts of the First World War on Canada

    Canada being no more than a colony of Britain automatically declared war also. However, on September 3rd 1939, a mere 25 years later, Britain had once again declared war on Germany, and Canada's declaration was not followed until a week later on September 7th, where Canada declared war, as an independent nation.

  2. The Black Death diary

    More and more people are dying at the nunnery, it turned out Teresa's headache and vomiting wasn't just because she was really upset, she'd caught the pestilence too. She died instantly a couple of days later, after the doctor cut open the veins leading to her heart.

  1. In what ways did black Americans secure improved civil rights in the years ...

    He took the Topeka Board of Education to court, but lost. However, when he appealed, the NAACP helped. Psychologists and doctors were brought in to the Supreme Court to prove that segregated schools were not beneficial. On the 19th of May, 1954, Chief Justice Earl Warren declared the Constitution colourblind, and ended segregation in schools.

  2. Gallic war

    * Brutus/Cassius fled Rome. * Antony controlled the disorder/rioting, imposing his authority over the city. * Conspirators believed that, with death of Caesar, senatorial govt. would automatically resume. In reality, republic was dead ? more civil wars occurred, as well was formation of Second Triumvirate.

  1. The object of this coursework is to gather information and data, on how woman ...

    that my questions are less bias, and so the answers that I receive is not influenced by the way I have structured my question. I think the amount of questions I asked was reasonable, as many people were in a hurry.

  2. In what ways were the lives of children on the home front affected by ...

    We can trust this source because it's taken at the time, it gives a wider idea about children's impacts during wartime and also that many children may have experienced this disappointment as I have seen another source similar to this.

  1. Martin luther king

    protection ended at the border of the states and was meant to been take over. This never happened and consequently several of the Freedom riders were assaulted and 200 were arrested by local police officers. Due to this President Kennedy promised he would step up the protection for the freedom

  2. Causes and consequences of the English Civil War

    MP`s had asked the Scott?s for help in their fight against Charles. The Scottish rioted about the book, as they did not want to be influenced by it. Charles went to war with them and lost, so he was forced to pay a fine every day.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work