• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Second World War had many causes, some of which spanned back over 20 years before the war actually started. These causes can be broken down and categorised into; long-term causes, short-term causes and the final "trigger" cause.

Extracts from this document...


Describe the long, medium and short term causes of World War One The Second World War had many causes, some of which spanned back over 20 years before the war actually started. These causes can be broken down and categorised into; long-term causes, short-term causes and the final "trigger" cause. At the end of W.W1, the Treaty of Versailles convened, where due to pressure from France "The Big 3" imposed heavy sanctions upon Germany, such as forcing them to assume responsibility form the World War I, taking land, demilitarising them and forcing them to pay reparations. Reparations left many people in the victorious nations feeling guilty. The loss of all that land to other countries simply made Hitler's early aggression look justified. Self-determination surrounded Germany by a lot of small nation states that fell easy prey to Germany. Most of all, however, the Treaty made the Germans angry, just waiting their chance for revenge. The victorious allies formed The League of Nations for the purpose of airing international disputes. ...read more.


The League did absolutely nothing after British and French efforts to effect a compromise settlement failed, and by 1936 Italy had complete control of Ethiopia. In 1933 Adolph Hitler rose to power in Germany with the aid of storm troops. The rise of Hitler was a great cause of W.W II; he imbued the German nation with visions of a new fatherland restored to power and prosperity. He used World War II as his own personal battle and intended to fight it as a re-run of the first one, as he did not believe that Germany had lost fairly. All opposing parties in Germany were silenced and all democratic rights were suspended. Emboldened by the weakness of the League of Nations, he saw fit to break the Treaty of Versailles accurately guessing that the Western powers would not exert pressure to stop him. He continually to flagrantly flout the Treaty of Versailles, and the League let him do it, hoping to appease Germany by giving them what they wanted. ...read more.


The combined efforts of Britain, France, Japan, Russia, and the USA, would have succeeded marvellously in stemming the flow of a German uprising. An additional result of appeasement was the fact that, the League allowed Hitler to occupy the Sudetenland foolishly trusting him not to invade the rest of Czechoslovakia, which he did in 1939. As a direct result of this, feeling he could no longer trust Britain, Stalin made the surprising Nazi-Soviet pact which allied him with his sworn enemy; Germany. In the same year, Hitler forcibly annexed Austria (which was forbidden by the Treaty), and seized land from Lithuania. He began to make demands from Poland and was met with a staunch resistance, and it became clear to Hitler that he would have to attain his objectives by force. Then on the first of March 1939, Hitler "pressed the button" that started World War 2; he invaded Poland. Britain and France, who had pledged to support Poland in the event of aggression declared war on Germany two days later. World War II had begun. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What were the causes of World War 2?

    Guernica was demolished and Franco went on to conquer the Basque areas of Spain. Many historians said that Hitler had used Spain as a practice ground, and as a warning to anyone else who may want to attack him. In 1938 Neville Chamberlain followed the policy of appeasement.

  2. Free essay

    What were the long terms and short term causes of Hitlers rise to power?

    Almost every town and village in Germany knew about Hitler and his beliefs and movement. There were many villages all around Germany that knew about Hitler, voted for Hitler but had never even seen him before. Hitler started to travel around Germany in a Plane.

  1. What Were the Causes of the 2nd World War.

    Collective security was totally failed. By the time that Hitler started revenging for the way they were treated by Versailles settlement, as the League no longer had any authority. Thirdly, the Depression. In Britain the Depression wrecked traditional manufacturing industries, the production of textile fell by two thirds, shipbuilding collapsed.

  2. What Were the Reasons For the Outbreak of the Second World War?

    This meant that war between Germany and Czechoslovakia looked very likely. If this were to happen, then France and most likely Britain as well would aid Czechoslovakia. But neither country wanted to fight Germany. On September 12th 1938, Hitler demanded self-government for all German-speaking Czechs in the Sudetenland.

  1. What were the causes of World War II?

    The Allies imposed all of the measures to be confident about Germany being a peaceful country. The Treaty of Versailles made Germany lose a considerable amount of territory. This consisted areas along the northern, western and eastern borders, as well as all the overseas colonies.

  2. The Italian Conquest of Abyssinia: How far was the LoN to blame?

    This relates well to how Italy didn't have faith in the League after the pact because they felt betrayed by France and Britain and also because Mussolini was a fascist and disagreed with a lot of their views. Therefore, it can be said that this helps understand the problem of Italy being upset with the Council (Britain and France)

  1. What was the main cause of Kristallnacht?

    Source F shows this by a Nazi figure, standing next to or on top of rubble and carrying a sword dripping with blood. Source G shows this by a Nazi figure in front of a backdrop of material destruction. However, in Source F there is hope, which is given by the ex-Tsar Nicholas II.

  2. The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui Contextualising ...

    his actors to identify and 'become' the characters they were playing in any way, but rather wished them to convey a message about that character through satire, remaining detached from the character emotionally. * Brecht arrived in the USA in 1941, and in 1947 he was named by one of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work