• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The soviet state was established at the expense of the soviet people - discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Janis Lasmanis 12. sb Essay in history The soviet state was established at the expense of the soviet people Russia has always been one of the most cruel an inhuman countries in the Europe, and its governments have never truly cared about people's lives (even estimated in several millions) to achieve their political goals and maintain power. And so did Stalin, as the previous rulers, not really cared about the sacrifice of lives needed to achieve his policies as industrialization, agricultural policies (collectivization), and purges (labor camps). In 1927 for the first time the 5-year plan was introduced By Gosplan. Stalin wanted the Soviet Russia to achieve the industrial level as in most Western countries, so the five-year plans were made to achieve this goal. Also as the New Economic Policies (NEP) were derided as thought only as a temporary measure, a new policy to arrange the economic problems in Russia was to be made. The plan came to action in October 1928 and from that moment the Russian economy became a "command economy". The first five-year plan was made mainly to develop the industrialization in the country and to achieve the collective agriculture, thus increasing the production of food so that the fast growing cities would have enough of it. ...read more.

Middle

Although through this Stalin at the beginning gained the support of the working class, there were many harsh changes introduced to boost the production process. First government introduced the "uninterrupted" week. The factories were working without weekends, instead each fifth day would be free for the workers. This caused disappointment in the working class as the families could not see each other because they had different cycles of work, and also it was difficult to visit the church, as Sunday was no longer a holiday. Also there was a harsh discipline introduced and even for a little disorder the workers were strictly punished. Absenteeism was abolished and even being twenty minutes late in the morning was regarded as absenteeism and punished. If the violation of rules was harsh enough the workers were sent to the labor camps where many of them died. Also the peasants were not allowed to move from city to city because this would cause the decrease of production while they would be moving and there were the workbooks introduced to keep records of the punishments received. Also there were the so called shock brigades - groups of young workers that tried by all means to increase the production thus showing the example and Stakhanovitees who were the most prominent and skilled of the workers. ...read more.

Conclusion

People who were not executed after the trials were sent to the labor camps that were established all around the Soviet Union. These labor camps, also called Gulags consisted mainly of the political prisoners and were established to boost the industrialization and also were a part of the five-year plans. The conditions in these camps were completely inhuman and the working hours long. They had to work in any conditions of weather and the amount of the food given depended on amount of work done. No one cared whether the worker was old man, woman or invalid; everyone had to do their work to get the food. About 20% of the workers died in these drastic conditions of famine and illnesses. To conclude, one can clearly state that Stalin built the Soviet state on the expense of the soviet people. Although some might argue that the economy was developing at a very fast rate thus making Soviet Russia one of the powerful countries in the world before World War 2, these achievements can not be justified on the expense of the soviet people. Millions of ordinary people died of famine, worked in drastic living and working conditions, were forced to refuse their religion, property and every other human rights were violated. The reforms that could be made using less harsh methods and achieving even better results, were carried out in such a drastic way just because of Stalin's ambitions, paranoia and complete disrespect towards human lives. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    Trotsky soon followed the list by getting executed by Stalin's agents in Mexico. However, Stalin did not stop there he continued this Great Purge by removing 25,000 officers and many university lecturers and teachers, miners and engineers, factory managers and ordinary workers also disappeared.

  2. Purges and Hysteria in the Soviet Union

    was over almost a hundred others were eliminated in the same way. Crackdown within the Communist Party The assassin, Leonid Nikolayev, it was determined, had been a Party member around the years 1917 to 1924. He had harboured a grudge against the Party bureaucracy, and he had been expelled.

  1. Consider this judgement on the consequences of Stalin's leadership of the Soviet Union 1928 ...

    Russia continued to seize land in the East and 1941 had regained all territories lost in the Great War. Stalin seemed to have achieved this in addition to the nullification of threat from Germany. However, he had fallen for Hitler's, and his own, propaganda. In June 1941, Operation Barbarossa, i.e.

  2. How did the rule of Stalin affect the Soviet Union?

    He wanted to build new towns, to improve transport and communications and build modern factories. Stalin felt the need to industrialise because the NEP was making such small progress. Stalin's solution of dramatically increasing industrial production was the five-year plans. GOSPLAN, the state planning commission, set targets for each industry.

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people' - ...

    Inevitably, the Second Five Year Plans enhanced the achievements of its predecessor. As well as boosting the heavy industries to such an extent that the production of electricity and steel nearly trebled from 13.4 million tons and 5.9 million tons in 1933 when the First Five Year Program was concluding

  2. Stalin man or monster

    However this deception in Stalin grew to a point that he was surrounded by paranoia that other people are deceiving him and also wanted power. Stalin could have got this view from that he was unliked by the majority of high ranked communist people and there is a possibility that Kirov was murdered.

  1. How important was Stalin compared to Lenin in creating the Soviet Union?

    Stalin also instigated purges to rid the party o his political enemies. However, many people believe that he took this too far with the purges described by Jim Grant as "vengeful and dangerous". I think that this demonstrates that the purges had more to do with personal feelings and insecurities

  2. Stalin and the Five-Year Plans.

    Subsequently, entire cities were built from nothing and workers were taken out into the new industrial centres. New dams and hydroelectric power supplied industry's energy needs. The second of the Five Year Plans constructed on the achievements of the first Five Year Plan.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work