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The soviet state was established at the expense of the soviet people - discuss.

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Introduction

Janis Lasmanis 12. sb Essay in history The soviet state was established at the expense of the soviet people Russia has always been one of the most cruel an inhuman countries in the Europe, and its governments have never truly cared about people's lives (even estimated in several millions) to achieve their political goals and maintain power. And so did Stalin, as the previous rulers, not really cared about the sacrifice of lives needed to achieve his policies as industrialization, agricultural policies (collectivization), and purges (labor camps). In 1927 for the first time the 5-year plan was introduced By Gosplan. Stalin wanted the Soviet Russia to achieve the industrial level as in most Western countries, so the five-year plans were made to achieve this goal. Also as the New Economic Policies (NEP) were derided as thought only as a temporary measure, a new policy to arrange the economic problems in Russia was to be made. The plan came to action in October 1928 and from that moment the Russian economy became a "command economy". The first five-year plan was made mainly to develop the industrialization in the country and to achieve the collective agriculture, thus increasing the production of food so that the fast growing cities would have enough of it. ...read more.

Middle

Although through this Stalin at the beginning gained the support of the working class, there were many harsh changes introduced to boost the production process. First government introduced the "uninterrupted" week. The factories were working without weekends, instead each fifth day would be free for the workers. This caused disappointment in the working class as the families could not see each other because they had different cycles of work, and also it was difficult to visit the church, as Sunday was no longer a holiday. Also there was a harsh discipline introduced and even for a little disorder the workers were strictly punished. Absenteeism was abolished and even being twenty minutes late in the morning was regarded as absenteeism and punished. If the violation of rules was harsh enough the workers were sent to the labor camps where many of them died. Also the peasants were not allowed to move from city to city because this would cause the decrease of production while they would be moving and there were the workbooks introduced to keep records of the punishments received. Also there were the so called shock brigades - groups of young workers that tried by all means to increase the production thus showing the example and Stakhanovitees who were the most prominent and skilled of the workers. ...read more.

Conclusion

People who were not executed after the trials were sent to the labor camps that were established all around the Soviet Union. These labor camps, also called Gulags consisted mainly of the political prisoners and were established to boost the industrialization and also were a part of the five-year plans. The conditions in these camps were completely inhuman and the working hours long. They had to work in any conditions of weather and the amount of the food given depended on amount of work done. No one cared whether the worker was old man, woman or invalid; everyone had to do their work to get the food. About 20% of the workers died in these drastic conditions of famine and illnesses. To conclude, one can clearly state that Stalin built the Soviet state on the expense of the soviet people. Although some might argue that the economy was developing at a very fast rate thus making Soviet Russia one of the powerful countries in the world before World War 2, these achievements can not be justified on the expense of the soviet people. Millions of ordinary people died of famine, worked in drastic living and working conditions, were forced to refuse their religion, property and every other human rights were violated. The reforms that could be made using less harsh methods and achieving even better results, were carried out in such a drastic way just because of Stalin's ambitions, paranoia and complete disrespect towards human lives. ...read more.

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