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the structure of russian society in 1900

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Abbie Bulleyment, 10c What was the structure of Russian society in 1900? As Russia hit the dawn of the 20th century, it was still powerfully clutched within the grasp of the Tsars (the Russian monarchy). Nicholas II was the remaining king; although, with a country so cosmic and limitless as Russia, he was perceived as more of an emperor. Yet a ruler he may have been, he did not possess the skills and intrinsic worth to be able to lead alone- for he was described by some as a weak and feeble character. Nicholas was an autocrat, thus had no alternative when it concerned the dictatorship of his people. Nonetheless, he appointed the most trustworthy counsellor, which were unsurprisingly, relations and companions. In all probability, he would have facilitated this decision with the concept that they would not overthrow him. Subsequently, they influenced the fashion of Russian society; from the Russian orthodox, through to the military, capitalists and finally the peasants- the Tsar and his nobles sought to enclose amity and undeviating management of this immense and hugely populated country. ...read more.


They also exiled anyone responsible. The very fact that the Tsar barricaded himself with the military and law enforcement, most likely angered the Russians further, infuriating them that their monarch showed no conformity or likelihood of recognizing any other beliefs but his own. Subsequent to the nobles, the priests of the Russian Orthodox church were a immensely authoritative, and commanding assemblage. As they were also under the command of the Tsar, the priests of the Orthodox church were strongly under the notion that Nicholas II was the right hand of God. In 1721 the Orthodox Church became a government department called the Holy Synod. It was run by the Chief Procurator, an official appointed by the Tsar. Completely under the control of the government, the Orthodox Church played an important role in the various russification campaigns. This evidently relates to the detesting attitude that was often contemplated towards the Tsar. In relation to the other end of the social rank, there were the capitalists and the peasants. Capitalists were principally factory or land owners, employers of the poorest of civilians, or the favourably educated, middle class people. ...read more.


Also, they were they ones that provided his country with the bare necessities, such as farming staple foods and many working in crowded city-based factories. Ultimately, I deem each factor of society to acquire the capability to pose a threat to the Tsar. Particularly the peasants, as their sheer size of population would make it literally impossible for the Tsar to defy opposition. Other main factors that would contribute to the vulnerability of Russia, would be the lack of technology, in comparison to other European countries, for their army didn't have enough weapons, and it was described that their weapons of war were quite dated, for in a country so immense in magnitude and different ethnicities, it had no such brilliance of a navy, unlike the United Kingdom. In addition to this, there was no great potential of trade with other countries, as the bitter, unpredictable climate of Siberia in the North thwarted any likelihood of a thriving agricultural country. To conclude, I consider that Russia's main weakness was its vastness of size, and nationalities. With a diverse array of ethnicity, comes a diverse array of religion, customs and language, which would prove tremendously problematical for the Tsar comprehend, let alone control. ...read more.

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