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The success of the Nazi Party was due to the use of fear and terror. Discuss.

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Introduction

The success of the Nazi Party was due to the use of fear and terror. Discuss. Andrew McCann The Nazi Party's leadership encompassed many aspects. Not least of those was the use of fear and terror. Helping control the populace and ensuring they remained subdued was a key factor in Nazi success. However other factors were involved such as Hitler's economic policies and foreign policy. Hence, how important was the use of fear and terror to the Nazi Party's survival. Fear and terror in Nazi Germany was a wide ranging policy. Many different forces were required to maintain order amongst the often dissenting masses. The SA [Stormabteilung] were the first of such groups. Formed early in Hitler's political campaign, the SA were used before he came to power to siege opposition party meetings and brawl with the other paramilitary groups. The SA grew in strength to over half a million men by the time Hitler's regime was in full swing in the mid 1930's and with their new found strength came increased power, and the desire for more. ...read more.

Middle

When Hitler came to power in January 1933 he set to work creating a "1000-year Reich". Political intrigue had set the foundations for this regime but Hitler was determined to set his position in the firm groundings of Weimar's own laws. March 1933 saw the last - supposedly - democratic elections under Nazi rule. After an unfortunate fire at the Reichstag which Hitler conveniently blamed on a Dutch communist, van der Lubbe, Hitler and the NSDAP secured 44% of the vote - notably still not a majority. Hitler's first motion was to pass the Enabling Act. This would further cement his position as Fuhrer. The Kroll Opera House was the setting for the vote that took place, with SA and SS lining the walls, the Act was passed. Communists and a free press were now banned, with the Reichstag had gone the last hopes for a workable German democracy. Germany had taken the harshest blow from the worldwide depression when Wall Street collapsed. Sitting with over 6 million workers unemployed, Hitler had a monumental task ahead of him. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler also reintroduced conscription to increase the army from a meagre 100,000 and also poured vast amounts of money into rearmament, rebuilding the Army, Airforce and Navy. Anti-semitism in Germany was a huge part of daily life. Right from the get-go, Jews were hounded everywhere they went. Harassed by the separate security forces, the Jews encountered the first real sign that they would not be tolerated in 1935. Krystalnacht - the German retaliation for the murder of a German by a Jew - ended with 100 synagogues burned to the ground and over 1,000 Jews arrested. Prior to this, Jews had been also been forced out of the civil service and the professions such as doctors, lawyers and teaching.The education system was rapidly changing towards anti-semitism also. Jewish children were sent to the front of the class where they were ridiculed by their classmates and later into Hitler's reign they were forced out of the system altogether into privately run schools with no assistance from the state. The 1000-year Reich Hitler was building had so far focused on the current generation of workers and civilians. However, for this to last Hitler had to indoctrinate the new generation. With the Hitler Youth and League of German Maidens, Hitler set to this. ...read more.

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