• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Successes and Failures of the Treaty of Versailles in Addressing the Causes of Conflict and Restoring Peace and Normality

Extracts from this document...


The Successes and Failures of the Treaty of Versailles in Addressing the Causes of Conflict and Restoring Peace and Normality To evaluate the successes and failures of the Treaty of Versailles, we need to address the terms of the Treaty as well as to inspect the consequences. The First World War had exposed Germany as a strong and aggressive power, and was viewed as a threat to peace by the victorious powers, so the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, which was designed to address the causes of conflict as well as restoring peace and normality, although including other peace measures, focused on harnessing and restricting Germany's power so that they would never again be strong enough to become a threat. The disarmament of Germany proved to be short term as well as provocative, like the stripping of the colonies and the war reparations forced upon her. Germany was forced to admit to war guilt, which angered her and guaranteed a backlash which would eventually take the form of World War II. The aforementioned terms of the Treaty also created an extreme social, political and economic atmosphere in which another war was possible. The League of Nations was also formed and it enjoyed limited success, but, like all the other terms of the Treaty, it ultimately failed in addressing the causes of conflict and restoring peace and normality because in the end, there was another world war. ...read more.


of the League. The disarmament of Germany reduced her army to 100,000 men, the navy to 6 battleships, banned the air force, and changed the Rhineland to a demilitarized zone. The German disarmament was a huge failure because it is merely a short term solution to assuage the immediate fears of the victorious allies. As no other nation was required to disarm, the German disarmament clause was unrealistic due to reasons of national self interest. The Germans argued that the disarmament clause was too harsh and nurtured feelings of hatred, anger and frustration among the German population, which in turn, increased the level of nationalism. This clause created an atmosphere of political desperation, allowing extreme regimes to surface and gain power. A backlash was inevitable. In 1934, Hitler began to massively expand his military for his economic policy, directly going against the disarmament clause of the Treaty of Versailles. In 1935, Hitler again went against the Treaty by marching soldiers into the Rhineland. So, in the end, the disarmament clause was a failed short term solution in addressing the causes of conflict and caused peace and normality to become impossible in Germany, while provoking her to adopt an extreme political stance, which made war possible. The reparation which was to be paid by Germany came to a total of �6,600 million. ...read more.


They were discontent and agitated at being the scapegoat for a circumstantial event, and it created lasting resentment towards the allies. In Germany, there was no peace and normality. The war guilt clause of the Treaty of Versailles failed to address the causes of conflict and to restore peace and normality, and in addition heightened the feeling of anger and injustice felt by the Germans, and gave them motivation for retribution. In conclusion, the Treaty of Versailles was largely a failure, with the disarmament, reparation, territorial and war guilt clause causing Germany to feel hatred and anger towards the allies. In addition, the fact that Germany believed that an injustice had been committed against them provoked her to seek vengeance and therefore causing peace and normality to be impossible to achieve. The Treaty of Versailles created an economic, political and social extreme, allowing Germany to adopt aggressive policies as they felt they had nothing else to lose. These terms of the treaty was merely a short term solution to alleviate the fears of the allies and the problem of Germany was not dealt with sufficiently, so the treaty had failed to address the causes of conflict. The League of Nations although had enjoyed limited success, was a failure because of the selfishness displayed by the European powers. The Treaty of Versailles lacked practicality and ultimately failed at 'addressing the causes of conflict and restoring peace and normality', because there was a World War II. .......... ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Summary of John Maynard Keynes' "The Economic Consequences of the Peace".

    enterprising than the French, and were made to impose taxes and pay for the war. The peace, in summary, will result a mass starvation and unemployment that will tear Europe apart leaving incurable wounds from there the blood will eternally bleed..

  2. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    Not only that, but Germany was not allowed to create nuclear arms. Countries which suffered from Germany in the War, never wanted to see German soldiers on their soils again. Not only that, but they did not trust such a natio!

  1. What where the causes of WW1

    shots one hits Franz Ferdinand near the heart the other hits his wife in the abdomen who was an expectant mother. She dies instantly. He uttered only one word, 'Sofia' -- a call to his stricken wife. Then his head fell back and he collapsed.

  2. What was the immediate impact of the peace treaty on Germany up to 1923 ...

    From the very start, Germans did not accept the treaty as a just peace, and many were prepared to do everything they could to make sure the treaty did not work, (they scuttled their fleet at Scapa flow). The Weak Weimar Republic In the confused and violent aftermath of war, the Weimar republic (Germanys new government)

  1. Account for the successes and failures of the League of Nations.

    maintain "fair and humane conditions of labour for men, women and children"7. The International Labour Organisation also "helped make international co-operation in yet another field"8 and for these reasons can be called a success of the League. The International Refugee Organization solved the problem of the thousands of prisoners of

  2. The failures of Gallipoli

    Britain did not have enough soldiers to carry out the plan leading to a stalemate and trench warfare. They needed 100,000 soldiers but only got 20,000. This shows the inadequate troops and supplies in Turkey, and also poor command because the commanders should have seen that 20,000 soldiers was not

  1. The League of Nations: Its achievements and its failures

    There was a dispute in December 1934, between Italian and Ethiopian soldiers at an oasis in Abyssinia. Mussolini then claimed that it was actually Italian territory. He then demanded an apology and prepared the army for an invasion. The Abyssinian emperor Haile Selassie appealed to the League for support.In between

  2. Why did international peace collapse in 1939?

    This source proves that Stalin was well aware of the purpose he had for signing the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, since he speaks of buying time for the USSR to make military preparations. This factor of cause to World War II could be the most important since the German government and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work