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The Successes and Failures of the Treaty of Versailles in Addressing the Causes of Conflict and Restoring Peace and Normality

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Introduction

The Successes and Failures of the Treaty of Versailles in Addressing the Causes of Conflict and Restoring Peace and Normality To evaluate the successes and failures of the Treaty of Versailles, we need to address the terms of the Treaty as well as to inspect the consequences. The First World War had exposed Germany as a strong and aggressive power, and was viewed as a threat to peace by the victorious powers, so the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, which was designed to address the causes of conflict as well as restoring peace and normality, although including other peace measures, focused on harnessing and restricting Germany's power so that they would never again be strong enough to become a threat. The disarmament of Germany proved to be short term as well as provocative, like the stripping of the colonies and the war reparations forced upon her. Germany was forced to admit to war guilt, which angered her and guaranteed a backlash which would eventually take the form of World War II. The aforementioned terms of the Treaty also created an extreme social, political and economic atmosphere in which another war was possible. The League of Nations was also formed and it enjoyed limited success, but, like all the other terms of the Treaty, it ultimately failed in addressing the causes of conflict and restoring peace and normality because in the end, there was another world war. ...read more.

Middle

of the League. The disarmament of Germany reduced her army to 100,000 men, the navy to 6 battleships, banned the air force, and changed the Rhineland to a demilitarized zone. The German disarmament was a huge failure because it is merely a short term solution to assuage the immediate fears of the victorious allies. As no other nation was required to disarm, the German disarmament clause was unrealistic due to reasons of national self interest. The Germans argued that the disarmament clause was too harsh and nurtured feelings of hatred, anger and frustration among the German population, which in turn, increased the level of nationalism. This clause created an atmosphere of political desperation, allowing extreme regimes to surface and gain power. A backlash was inevitable. In 1934, Hitler began to massively expand his military for his economic policy, directly going against the disarmament clause of the Treaty of Versailles. In 1935, Hitler again went against the Treaty by marching soldiers into the Rhineland. So, in the end, the disarmament clause was a failed short term solution in addressing the causes of conflict and caused peace and normality to become impossible in Germany, while provoking her to adopt an extreme political stance, which made war possible. The reparation which was to be paid by Germany came to a total of �6,600 million. ...read more.

Conclusion

They were discontent and agitated at being the scapegoat for a circumstantial event, and it created lasting resentment towards the allies. In Germany, there was no peace and normality. The war guilt clause of the Treaty of Versailles failed to address the causes of conflict and to restore peace and normality, and in addition heightened the feeling of anger and injustice felt by the Germans, and gave them motivation for retribution. In conclusion, the Treaty of Versailles was largely a failure, with the disarmament, reparation, territorial and war guilt clause causing Germany to feel hatred and anger towards the allies. In addition, the fact that Germany believed that an injustice had been committed against them provoked her to seek vengeance and therefore causing peace and normality to be impossible to achieve. The Treaty of Versailles created an economic, political and social extreme, allowing Germany to adopt aggressive policies as they felt they had nothing else to lose. These terms of the treaty was merely a short term solution to alleviate the fears of the allies and the problem of Germany was not dealt with sufficiently, so the treaty had failed to address the causes of conflict. The League of Nations although had enjoyed limited success, was a failure because of the selfishness displayed by the European powers. The Treaty of Versailles lacked practicality and ultimately failed at 'addressing the causes of conflict and restoring peace and normality', because there was a World War II. .......... ...read more.

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