• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Treaty of Versailles

Extracts from this document...


In 1914 the First World War was started. Sadly it cost millions of lives. In 1918 the war ended leaving many countries in debt. The Treaty of Versailles was meant to stop future wars. In the end it was the cause of the Second World War. Looking back it is clear the treaty caused more problems than it solved. Germany and Austria-Hungary, being the losers of the war, where not allowed to go to Versailles at the conference to decide what should happen in the treaty. Present at the meeting were "The Big Four" which were Lloyd George, PM of Great Britain, Georges Clemenceau, PM of France, Woodrow Wilson, President of the USA and Vittorio Orlando, PM of Italy. They all had different ideas about what should happen and this is what probably made it a disaster. Lloyd's opinions about what should happen were not those of many of the British. Most people wanted Germany to be punished: "Squeeze them until the pips squeak!" ...read more.


Woodrow Wilson had bought over the "Fourteen Points" which was a list of things to happen in Europe, which he hoped, would prevent a future war. Two of these include parts of countries to be made into new countries and for a League of Nations to be set up. Orlando was not happy about the way he was treated at Versailles. After the Secret Treaty of London, Italy had been promised the Adriatic Coast. He expected France and Britain to keep their promise when he arrived at Versailles and wanted his fair share of the spoils of war after changing sides in 1915. Many people expressed their beliefs through cartoons to change other's opinions. Most of them were against the treaty but some were for it such as the poster launched by the B.E.U. Not many paid attention to this as cartoons were not taken seriously enough. Also with so many being published it confused the peoples views. Germany's view was mainly that if they went along with the treaty they would end up starving and all die, so many protests were set up. ...read more.


Italy was heavily in debt, mainly to the USA. This led to unemployment and unrest in many parts of Italy from 1919. This led to rising support for Benito Mussolini, the leader of the Fascist Party. He promised to rebuild Italy and recreate the Roman Empire once again. In the end, sadly, the countries present at Versailles decided to take all the money they needed to replace the loss of the war from Germany even though the economists had predicted that this would not be practical. Germany was told to sign the piece terms or else. I feel it was impossible for the Treaty of Versailles to make everyone happy at the Peace Conference because people at the time had such different ideas because all the ideas were so varied from each other there was nothing that they could all settle on that would be the same as their original thoughts in the first place. Thankfully though at the end of the Second World War the treaty that was signed then let Germany recover and make itself into the strong industrial country it is today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    Those who broke the laws were subject to beatings, punishment, and even death. In 1936, using the Soviet-French pact as an excuse, Hitler remilitarize the Rhineland, a disputed territory between Germany and France. In October of that year, Hitler signed the Rome-Berlin axis, which soon became the Anti-Committee Pact which included the country of Japan.

  2. Treaty of Versailles, was it fair?

    The French felt unsafe being so close to the Germans. They had absolutely no barrier from the full force of Germany, unlike Great Britain who had the sea and USA who had huge distance. A crippled Germany would be no threat to France in the future.

  1. The Antarctic Treaty: When and why was the treaty formed?

    * provides for the parties to meet periodically to discuss measures to further the objectives of the Treaty; and * requires parties to give advance notice of their expeditions. The Treaty also provides for an exchange of information, interchange of scientific personnel, preservation of historic sites, protection of native birds,

  2. Woodrow Wilson's Views and the Peace Treaty.

    During the build up to the First World War Germany had invested heavily in building a strong navy and aimed to challenge the British, who were the most powerful at the time. Germany had accumulated 85 compared to Britain?s 122 battleships.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work