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The Treaty of Versailles

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In 1914 the First World War was started. Sadly it cost millions of lives. In 1918 the war ended leaving many countries in debt. The Treaty of Versailles was meant to stop future wars. In the end it was the cause of the Second World War. Looking back it is clear the treaty caused more problems than it solved. Germany and Austria-Hungary, being the losers of the war, where not allowed to go to Versailles at the conference to decide what should happen in the treaty. Present at the meeting were "The Big Four" which were Lloyd George, PM of Great Britain, Georges Clemenceau, PM of France, Woodrow Wilson, President of the USA and Vittorio Orlando, PM of Italy. They all had different ideas about what should happen and this is what probably made it a disaster. Lloyd's opinions about what should happen were not those of many of the British. Most people wanted Germany to be punished: "Squeeze them until the pips squeak!" ...read more.


Woodrow Wilson had bought over the "Fourteen Points" which was a list of things to happen in Europe, which he hoped, would prevent a future war. Two of these include parts of countries to be made into new countries and for a League of Nations to be set up. Orlando was not happy about the way he was treated at Versailles. After the Secret Treaty of London, Italy had been promised the Adriatic Coast. He expected France and Britain to keep their promise when he arrived at Versailles and wanted his fair share of the spoils of war after changing sides in 1915. Many people expressed their beliefs through cartoons to change other's opinions. Most of them were against the treaty but some were for it such as the poster launched by the B.E.U. Not many paid attention to this as cartoons were not taken seriously enough. Also with so many being published it confused the peoples views. Germany's view was mainly that if they went along with the treaty they would end up starving and all die, so many protests were set up. ...read more.


Italy was heavily in debt, mainly to the USA. This led to unemployment and unrest in many parts of Italy from 1919. This led to rising support for Benito Mussolini, the leader of the Fascist Party. He promised to rebuild Italy and recreate the Roman Empire once again. In the end, sadly, the countries present at Versailles decided to take all the money they needed to replace the loss of the war from Germany even though the economists had predicted that this would not be practical. Germany was told to sign the piece terms or else. I feel it was impossible for the Treaty of Versailles to make everyone happy at the Peace Conference because people at the time had such different ideas because all the ideas were so varied from each other there was nothing that they could all settle on that would be the same as their original thoughts in the first place. Thankfully though at the end of the Second World War the treaty that was signed then let Germany recover and make itself into the strong industrial country it is today. ...read more.

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