• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The treaty of Versailles was signed between Britain, France and USA. Lloyd-George, Clemencau and Wilson all devised a treaty that could cripple Germany, leading to their aim - prevention of further conflict and a war.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Following the end of the First World War in 1919, it was decided that, prevention of another war was an important factor in Europe. The treaty of Versailles was signed between Britain, France and USA. Lloyd-George, Clemencau and Wilson all devised a treaty that could cripple Germany, leading to their aim - prevention of further conflict and a war. The treaty was to be divided; territorially, military, financially and general. Much of Germany was taken from them, to try and reduce ambition. Major reductments in Military were introduced Germany's army was reduced to 100,000 men; the army was not allowed tanks nor an airforce, only 6 capital naval ships were allowed and no submarines. Finally and perhaps most damaging to Germany, a huge some of reparation money was demanded as compensation. $6,600Billion was to be paid in instalments. Being placed with the guilt for the war created a hostile relationship, and caused a lot of resentment. However much historical debate has centred around the Treaty and its influence over starting the Second World War. Revisionist Carr believed that the Treaty was a 'failure to solve 'German Problem''1. Revisionist AJP Taylor supported this as he believed the second World War was 'a war over the settlement of Versailles; a war that had been implicit when the first World War ended because the peacemakers had not solved the German problem.'2 Some revisionists believe in more sympathetic beliefs, to Henig Versailles ...read more.

Middle

The school of thought to challenge this are the Revisionists, AJP Taylor believed that Hitler was a master of opportunism, and didn't follow a plan. The arguments of the 'Guilty Men' highlight the obvious flaws in British foreign policy, and the negligence of action towards Hitler, of how damaging these became over time. The policy of appeasement, before 1936, was very much aligned to the dictation of Adolph Hitler. Where Chamberlain didn't want to upset him, or appear to be setting against him. To do this would disrupt the political status in Europe, and Neville Chamberlain believed that this would cause war. Appeasement could avoid this, however, as I will now examine, had war become inevitable by 1936 due to Britain's failure to act on the Naval agreement of 1935 and at the Rhineland in 1936? Had the policy of appeasement encouraged the opportunistic Hitler and simply aided a leader with a masterplan? Chapter two. British reaction to Hitler's actions reflected the problems they had as a nation in the twenties and thirties. British foreign policy was now openly Appeasement. Neville Chamberlain, a previous Chancellor of the Exchequer, had a specific direction for Britain, economical strength and independence. He understood that Britain was not ready for another war. The debate on the economics of the war remains in high contention. Richard Overy states 'Economics were not in that bad of state that (Britain) need not to go to war.'1. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was not until 4 years after the first appeasing event, the Anglo-German Naval pact that Chamberlain decided to change his stance. The opportunities to stop Hitler came on several occasions. The most prominent of these came in 1936 when he entered the Rhineland. A strong form of resistance would have stopped Germany, and would have stopped the growing ambition and desire of Hitler and his public. As a result of this Hitler was able to continue his European domination. Hitlocentric Gerhard Weinberg believed that ' the only realistic accommodation Chamberlain could have reached...(was to) abandon its old age commitment to uphold the balance of power in Europe'9, This therefore allowing Hitler to dominate parts of Eastern Europe. Word Count: 2,263 1 Boxer sheet White ask Miss H 2 Same again! Probs origins of second world war. 3 Again the sheet 4 Have a guess which sheet 5 Jay M. Winter, Cambridge University on Hitler on the Versailles Treaty 6 Nope it's a new one....Hitler, 1889-1936: Hubris 7 The Gathering Storm Churchill 1948 8 Bell, 1986 p211 from the Robbins - appeasement 9 McDonough Sheet chap 5 Hilgruber. 1 Boxer sheet I think Overy 2 Contempary Britain, 1914-1979 3 Parker - Timeline thing on public support. 4 AJP Taylor - Origins of the Second World War 5 Contemporary Britain, 1914-1979 Robert Pearce 6 Robbins timeliney thing 7 Mommsen Mc D Chap 5 8 Yellow sheet Boxer 9 Frank Mcdonough, Hitler, Chamberlain and appeasement pg 77 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Treaty Of versailles

    5 star(s)

    The war guilt clause also angered the German nation. The war guilt clause meant that Germany had to accept the punishment and the blame for starting the First World War. However, this bitterly unfair on Germany because of the fact they did not start the war. This humiliated and destroyed German pride.

  2. Explain how the Treaty of Versailles created many problems for Germany in the period ...

    On 8th November, as Kahr (leader of the Bavarians,) addressed a meeting at a Beer hall in Munich, Hitler (one of Bavaria's best known politician) arrived with 600 storm troopers. He decided that the Nazis were strong enough to attempt a 'putsch' in Munich. Hitler declared a 'revolution' had begun.

  1. To what extent can it be argued that appeasement was the cause of the ...

    By fighting against Fascism in Spain, we would be fighting against it in our own country, and every other." This source suggests European powers should have intervened and overthrown the Fascist dictators. By doing so in this country would have sent a message that fascism would strongly be opposed in their countries.

  2. The treaty of Versailles.

    In 1922 the German government had no money left to pay the reparations. France became very angry and attacked and took over the Ruhr. This only led to the German public feelings towards the government stronger. They felt that they were not getting the protection and security that they needed in the country they were living in.

  1. How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler’s rise to power?

    party since the Weimar government was held in the town of Weimar and not the capital Berlin since it was deemed too politically unstable for them, and Weimar constitution meant that there was a system of proportional representation. This meant that if for example you had 20 votes you got 20 seats.

  2. To What Extent was British Appeasement to Germany in the Interwar Period Justified?

    The 1936 Rhineland crisis was one of the first major acts of appeasement, followed by other confrontations such as the Anschluss in March 1938 and the relinquishing of the Sudetenland Chamberlain in the 1938 Munich Conference. All of these events continually added to Hitler's confidence in attaining his goal of the Third Reich.

  1. Why did Britain and France pursue a policy of appeasement? Was it successful?

    The first true test of the policy of appeasement came on the 7th March 1936 when Germany remilitarised the Rhineland. Under the Treaty of Versailles, the Rhineland was declared a demilitarised zone; this can be looked upon as an act of aggression as it broke the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, and also the Locarno agreement.

  2. British Policy of Appeasement May 1937 - March 1939.

    ** Maginot Line The Maginot Line was built between 1929 and 1940 and was a powerful line of defence which stretched from Switzerland to the Ardennes in the North, and from the Alps to the Mediterranean in the South. It was built to protect France from her long-time enemy, Germany,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work