• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Unification of Italy.

Extracts from this document...


UNIFICATION OF ITALY Mikel Valdes 21/02/03 Italy is a country which was formed less than 150 years ago. Until then, it had been a territory divided into diverse areas dominated all by different rulers, in addition to having dissimilar traditions. All this changed once a nationalist movement started to develop throughout the peninsula, led by different people. After Napoleon I gave Italy a similitude of unity, the Congress of Vienna (1815) divided the Italian territory into a number of states, as well as taking part of it to be offered to Austria. Either monarchs or the Austrian power ruled these several regions. Even though they still spoke the same language, the different states did not attempt to unify. ...read more.


Cavour admired the British government system, and wanted to unite Italy as well as industrialize the nation under his leadership. Cavour enhanced the army, as well as setting up banks, factories, railroads, recovering trade and strengthening the shipbuilding industry. He also granted religious freedom to the state of Sardinia. Cavour organized an alliance with France to make Austria release the Italian states it had under its power. Napoleon III and Cavour agreed to make Austria declare war on Sardinia in order to make the French drive the Austrians out of Lombardy and Venetia. In return, Sardinia would give Nice and Savoy back to France. Since Napoleon III feared that the other Italian states would want to annex with Sardinia and increase its power, he signed a treaty with Austria, which stated that Sardinia would receive Lombardy but Austria kept Venetia. ...read more.


In the end, Cavour influenced Garibaldi to set up the Kingdom of Italy ruled by Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia. After having the citizens vote for unification, Victor Emmanuel II was confirmed to become the first King of Italy. This new nation contained all of Italy except for Venetia and the western part of the Papal States. The first area was still being ruled by Austria, while the second one belonged to the Pope. Italy was almost totally united after Venetia was seized in the Seven Weeks' War (1866). While the Franco-Prussian war was being fought (1870), Napoleon III recalled his troops avoiding Rome from uniting Italy, which let the Italians free way to enter the city and proclaiming it the capital of the kingdom that same year. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. To what extent was Austria the main obstacle to the unification of Italy in ...

    nor would he accept to work with other revolutionary groups unless they first declared their loyalty to the Piedmontese royal family. Another Piedmontese Monarchist was Balbo who supported the idea that Piedmont was the only state that could possibly beat Austria militarily.

  2. To what extent was Cavour a leader of the unification of Italy?

    Contrary to this, if it had not been for Garibaldi it is a huge possibility that the unification of Italy may not have even taken place when it did. Garibaldi, with help from his guerrilla training in South America, used and manipulated the naval forces to fight against the state rulers in Naples and Sicily.

  1. Unification Movements - Italian unification

    He wanted Piedmont to be the leading state to lead the unification movement. * Economic: * Created state banks (provided funding so that people could invent money in industrial and agricultural aspects) * Encouraged foreign trade and internal trade (removed trade restrictions e.g.

  2. Describe the Different Stages to Italian unification between 1856 - 1871.

    Napoleon III proposed an Anglo-French intervention to stop him but Britain refused. Garibaldi was able to enter Naples in September. By now, Cavour was alarmed at the progress of a popular revolutionary leader who might march on Rome, coming into conflict with France and Austria.

  1. To what extent does Cavour deserve his reputation as the architect of Italian Unification?

    nearly a quarter of all documents relevant to Italian unification being tampered with in some fashion" (Mack-smith; some myths re-examined).

  2. Italian Unification

    4 Cavour's motives for Piedmont and Italy are questionable. At certain points in his lifetime, he seemed to have felt that complete unification was not necessary nor desirable. His exact motives are unclear. Did he react to stop Garibaldi's attack on Rome to prevent him from becoming a leader of


    He believed in individual liberty and national liberation. He once said "I love my country for I love all countries". He believed that all Europeans should be equal and fraternal and live within their natural boundaries. He turned his thoughts to politics when he was 16 because he witnessed how, after the revolution in Piedmont in 1821, he

  2. The Congress of Vienna

    - Nationalism can be an integrated force or a disintegrated force: - Independence movements (disintegrated force): * E.g. Italian states were controlled by Austria before 1870. After nationalism spread in the Italians, they wanted to fight against the Austrians and unify themselves to get independence.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work