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The USA 1919-1941 - Did Roosevelt's upbringing, background, and character make it easy for him to understand the concerns and fears of ordinary Americans? Explain your answer.

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Introduction

Deeba Syed The USA 1919-1941 Did Roosevelt's upbringing, background, and character make it easy for him to understand the concerns and fears of ordinary Americans? Explain your answer. Roosevelt may not have been able to understand the concerns and fears of 'ordinary Americans', although American was not ordinary in comparison to others during the 1930s. He attended Harvard University and Columbia Law School, both extremely prestigious establishments. He became a successful lawyer, rich and upper class. However 'ordinary Americans' were not the same. They had lost their money, homes, their businesses; their banks had become bankrupt and their shares had collapsed in the Wall Street Crash. Roosevelt did not have direct experience with financial loss of this multitude. However he was intelligent enough to recognize it. He was an optimist without being patronising and a good orator. Even his wife Eleanor was very conscious about pressing issues such as Women Rights. How far was Roosevelt himself responsible for his election victory in 1932? Roosevelt helped Americans regain faith in the American system. He bought hope as he promised; promptly with vigorous action he stated in his Inaugural Address, 'the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.' ...read more.

Middle

Hoover was extremely ostracized by farmers and unemployed workers, which was most of the population. In response to his 'do-nothing' accusations, Hoover introduced tax cuts in 1931. But this only benefited those with incomes and meant a decrease in welfare, only causing more dislike toward him. Hoover tired to protect US industries from bankruptcy by introducing tariffs on foreign goods but these only put a stain on international trade and worsen the Depression. He also blocked the Garner-Wagner Relief Bill, which would have allowed Congress to provide 2.1 billion dollars in order to create jobs. Hoover also refused to admit American had had economic problems, and blamed it solely on Europe's economic weaknesses. Hoover did not appeal to ordinary Americans as he ignored their needs. Roosevelt did everything in his power to make sure their needs were looked after. Roosevelt believed in 'active government' designed to improve the lives of ordinary Americans, who were workers than then being exceptionable rich. He planned to get people back to work, like he had already started doing in his own state New York as the Governor. ...read more.

Conclusion

The banks were all checked and only the most efficiently working banks were reopened with the state's support. The Federal Emergency Relief Administration spent five hundred million dollars on providing for the poor. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration set quotes to reduce overproduction in farming. Camps were also later on built for migrant workers to have better living conditions. Loans were also given so farmer could purchase land. The Public Work Administration created more jobs by building new schools, roads and buildings. Later on jobs were also created for office workers, actors, and photographers. The National Recovery Administration improved work conditions for example child labour was outlawed and introducing fairer wages for all. Also it became illegal to fire a worker for being in a union. The Tennessee Valley Authority created more jobs and provided electricity for the majority of households via hydroelectric power. On the other hand there were other factors that made life better for Americans in the 1930s. In Europe war was breaking out due to the rise of Adolf Hitler. William Leuchtenberg a historian stated that 'not until the war year of 1943 did the army of jobless finally disappear'. He meant that America's economy started to function well from the large quantities of military equipment being produced and sold. ...read more.

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