• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The USA 1919-1941 - Did Roosevelt's upbringing, background, and character make it easy for him to understand the concerns and fears of ordinary Americans? Explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Deeba Syed The USA 1919-1941 Did Roosevelt's upbringing, background, and character make it easy for him to understand the concerns and fears of ordinary Americans? Explain your answer. Roosevelt may not have been able to understand the concerns and fears of 'ordinary Americans', although American was not ordinary in comparison to others during the 1930s. He attended Harvard University and Columbia Law School, both extremely prestigious establishments. He became a successful lawyer, rich and upper class. However 'ordinary Americans' were not the same. They had lost their money, homes, their businesses; their banks had become bankrupt and their shares had collapsed in the Wall Street Crash. Roosevelt did not have direct experience with financial loss of this multitude. However he was intelligent enough to recognize it. He was an optimist without being patronising and a good orator. Even his wife Eleanor was very conscious about pressing issues such as Women Rights. How far was Roosevelt himself responsible for his election victory in 1932? Roosevelt helped Americans regain faith in the American system. He bought hope as he promised; promptly with vigorous action he stated in his Inaugural Address, 'the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.' ...read more.

Middle

Hoover was extremely ostracized by farmers and unemployed workers, which was most of the population. In response to his 'do-nothing' accusations, Hoover introduced tax cuts in 1931. But this only benefited those with incomes and meant a decrease in welfare, only causing more dislike toward him. Hoover tired to protect US industries from bankruptcy by introducing tariffs on foreign goods but these only put a stain on international trade and worsen the Depression. He also blocked the Garner-Wagner Relief Bill, which would have allowed Congress to provide 2.1 billion dollars in order to create jobs. Hoover also refused to admit American had had economic problems, and blamed it solely on Europe's economic weaknesses. Hoover did not appeal to ordinary Americans as he ignored their needs. Roosevelt did everything in his power to make sure their needs were looked after. Roosevelt believed in 'active government' designed to improve the lives of ordinary Americans, who were workers than then being exceptionable rich. He planned to get people back to work, like he had already started doing in his own state New York as the Governor. ...read more.

Conclusion

The banks were all checked and only the most efficiently working banks were reopened with the state's support. The Federal Emergency Relief Administration spent five hundred million dollars on providing for the poor. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration set quotes to reduce overproduction in farming. Camps were also later on built for migrant workers to have better living conditions. Loans were also given so farmer could purchase land. The Public Work Administration created more jobs by building new schools, roads and buildings. Later on jobs were also created for office workers, actors, and photographers. The National Recovery Administration improved work conditions for example child labour was outlawed and introducing fairer wages for all. Also it became illegal to fire a worker for being in a union. The Tennessee Valley Authority created more jobs and provided electricity for the majority of households via hydroelectric power. On the other hand there were other factors that made life better for Americans in the 1930s. In Europe war was breaking out due to the rise of Adolf Hitler. William Leuchtenberg a historian stated that 'not until the war year of 1943 did the army of jobless finally disappear'. He meant that America's economy started to function well from the large quantities of military equipment being produced and sold. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    Despite the fact that the Social Security Act required state governments to provide women with dependant children some money, some governments avoided paying these sums. Some women were also given positions of responsability withing the New Deal administration. These facts agree with the second statement, as blacks and women became more dependant on the government without increasing their confidence.

  2. The United States 1919 - 1941, The Wall Street Crash

    Furthermore, it is a piece of propaganda used to promote the positive points of the Democratic Party and reveals the weaknesses of the Republican Party. This may influence people to vote for the Democrats. This means that they would try and put down their opposition, especially in this situation as they can manipulate the conditions of the country.

  1. Life did get better for many Americans in the 1930's. How far was Roosevelt ...

    Also, in Roosevelt's first 100 days of his New Deal, he used the Alphabet Agencies. These were agencies, which targeted the weak points in the USA's economy and employment etc and helped build on them to regain America back to its greatness.

  2. How far was Roosevelt responsible for his election victory in 1932? Explain your answer.

    This meant that the Americans did not trust him and did not want him President any longer, therefore they would choose anyone, which leads to the fact that Roosevelt was just there at the right time. As Hoover did not want to help out the depression, as his full attention

  1. Did Roosevelt's upbringing, background and character make it easy for him to understand the ...

    a history site (which provides valid information), like he was destined for presidency therefore they did not like him for this. Finally his education had developed his politics and drove him away from his internationalism ideas, which meant that he was now more democratic and cared for the social problems

  2. Life got better for many Americans in the 1930s. How far was Roosevelt responsible ...

    The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) granted sub slides to farmers to reduce production. In 1933, about ten million acres of land were taken out of growing cotton, eight million acres were taken out of growing wheat, and tobacco harvest was cut by about a third.

  1. To what extent did all Americans benefit from the economic improvements which took place ...

    Some people bought so many things on hire purchase that they could not keep up with the payments and became homeless), this could cause people to get into debt very quickly and easily. Some products were falsely advertised like lucky strike cigarettes, for example claimed that their cigarettes protected the voice and stopped coughing.

  2. USA: 1919 1941 Revision Notes

    by chaperones), no role in politics as well as being expected to adhere to dress standards * After 1917 as the US entered WWI, women were employed to work in the heavy industry and for the first time went out by themselves, smoked and drank in public * Vote given

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work