The USA in the 1920s Sources Questions
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The USA in the 1920s Sources Questions 1. All of these sources indicate America's extreme view towards immigrants. In the 1920s America was full of intolerance and source i. Shows this well: "I have suffered because I was an Italian, and indeed I am an Italian". These words were uttered by an Italian, namely Bartolomo Vanzetti just before he was executed. America shows an extreme hatred towards all immigrants. If the immigrants were different in race or culture to the Americans - they singled them out. However, immigrants who could be assimilated easily, were treated well. We can see from source ii. That immigrants from anywhere except North and West Europe, were singled out and not allowed into America. America thought that immigrants were corrupting their way of life. Senator Albert Johnson in source iii. says that the "foreign-blood" is a "threat to the happiness of individual Americans". We can clearly see from these sources that America had a very arrogant view towards immigrants. They did not know much about the cultures from which a lot of the immigrants came, and so were afraid and racist. The fact that a politician of Washington in source iii. Could openly say that America "no longer shall offer free asylum to the rest of the world" shows that racism and hatred towards immigrants and their "threat" on society was an accepted point of view.
about racial attitudes towards Blacks in the 1920s. This is because only source ii. states any relevant information about racial attitudes in Chicago. Source ii. is a very racist Property Owners' Journal from Chicago in 1920 and states that the "Niggers" are "proud as peacocks" but have "nothing of the peacock's beauty". This entire document is completely against Blacks in general. The fact that it this article was published in the 1920s shows that attitudes around that time toward the Blacks was that of arrogance and racism. The article says that "the best of them are unsanitary" referring to the Blacks' hygiene. This is a completely generalised thing to write as not all the Blacks would have been unhygienic. This article is simply trying to put down the Blacks and its information is both corrupt and fraudulent. Source iii. Has no information that is of any relevance however, it does tell of how the Blacks had to run "chain-stores" protests in order to find work in Chicago. This source would have been useful if we wished to know about the "growing Black middle class" but no information of any relevance is present in this source. We can however see from source ii. that the Blacks were frowned and looked down upon.
However, its value as evidence cannot be misjudged. In source iv, a flapper is described as a woman who is "fashionable", "usually wealthy" and a young woman "whose clothes and behaviour seemed deliberately to challenge the older generation". All of sources I, iii and iv see the flapper not as a revolutionary but rather a mischievous lout who was always out to "have a good time". All three sources disagree with source ii's idea that the flapper was a woman who wanted to revolutionise the way in which women were treated. These sources say how in fact, the flappers were women who just wanted a good time and wanted to be outlandish in both their behaviour and dress. 5. "America in the 1920s was the land of freedom and opportunity" America was defiantly not the land of freedom and opportunity in the 1920s. America was in fact, far from that. If you were a white citizen living in America who was Catholic and not a member of any ethnic minority, then yes America would have seemed full of freedom and opportunity. However, there were a lot of people who did not fit into this criteria and as such suffered for it under the American attitudes and points of view. Firstly, if you were Black and living in America you would have faced lots of tension and abuse about your ethnic background and skin colour. American attitudes of this time were that if you were Black then you were
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