• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The USA were more to blame for causing the Cold War. How far do you agree?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked Thursday 14th April 2016 10 Mark Question: Start of the Cold War ?The USA were more to blame for causing the Cold War.? How far do you agree? The Cold War is the name given to the hostile relationship that developed between the USA and the USSR after World War Two. It dominated international affairs for decades, and there debate over which country was most at fault for the start of this period. In some ways, the USA can be seen as more to blame for the causing the Cold War. Firstly, the testing of the atomic bomb caused great tension. On 6 August 1945, the American B29 bomber plane Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. ...read more.

Middle

Under the Doctrine, the USA provided military and economic aid to Turkey as well as Greece. This confirmed that the two sides feared the spread of the other. Finally, the Marshall Plan which was also introduced in 1947 helped to build pressure. Truman believed that poverty provided a breeding ground for Communism so he wanted to make Europe prosperous again. $17 billion dollars poured into Europe in the years 1947-51, providing vital help to the economy. However, it also caused tensions, as Stalin saw America?s hidden agenda to try and contain Communism. Therefore, he refused Marshall Aid for the USSR and banned Eastern European countries from accepting it. However, the USSR can also be to blame. ...read more.

Conclusion

This helped tighten his hold on his Communist allies as it restricted their contact with the West. The Berlin Blockade also increased tension; Stalin had become angry because America, Britain and France had made the arrangements in Germany seem permanent with the introduction of a new currency. Therefore, he cut West Berlin?s physical links with the west, hoping to force the Allies to withdraw. However, it only angered the USA, and their response was to deliver supplies by plane. By May 1949, the Blockade had failed. Overall, I think the USA were more to blame for starting the Cold War. Although both countries took action that may be seen as aggressive, I think America helped to force the tension more by attempting to show their dominance over the USSR with events such as the Hiroshima bombing in 1945 and the introduction of Marshall Aid in 1947. http://www.kidport.com/reflib/usahistory/americanicons/images/USFlag.gif http://cheyennayoungcoldwar.weebly.com/uploads/2/9/9/5/29954103/5324860_orig.jpeg ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War - major events. Revision notes.

    20 October * Kennedy decided on blockade of Cuba 22 October * Kennedy calls on the soviet Union to withdraw missiles 23 October * Kennedy receives a letter from Khrushchev who said he will not observe the blockade 24 October * Blockade begins, the missile carrying ship accompanied with soviet

  2. Who was more to blame for the beginning of the Cold War, the USA ...

    Roosevelt failed to make clear to Stalin his views on Europe, giving Stalin an inaccurate interpretation of the situation. The USA also added to the tension by refusing to share the secret of the first atomic bomb with the USSR, even though it had been shared with Britain.

  1. The origin of the Cold War and the partition of Germany

    What were the differences between East and West? Clearly, Stalin believed that Europe had been divided into two spheres of influence at Yalta and Potsdam. Britain and the USA could not do as they liked in the West, but, at the same time, the Soviet Union could do as it liked in the East.

  2. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    These points must not be overstated because as with perestroika Gorbachev could not have implemented glasnost on his own. This point is best illustrated when the new parliament struck off "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda" off the list of "crimes against the state" (MG+tEoSP P2).

  1. Who was to Blame for the Cold War

    Stalin had suffered tens of millions of civilian and soldier casualties. Thus, it was fair that they could build up a buffer-zone between it and Germany to ensure that the same thing did not ever happen again. America, however, interpreted this as an act of aggression and so the Cold War began.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    However, the most significant reason was because of the Berlin Blockade. This signified that neither superpower were willing to give up and would put up a good fight. However, the other reasons did contribute to the worsening of relations. Explain why relations between USA and USSR changed in the years 1948-53 (12 marks)

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    * Aftermath of confrontation, while accepting hostile stalemate in Europe, both sides quickly consolidated their positions - April 1949 - US established NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) as defensive military alliance against USSR - September 1949 - Democratic West Germany (the "Federal Republic of Germany)

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    1. Strategic importance of Poland 1. The Soviet Union?s security was depending on a friendly Polish government. Stalin wanted a communist government in what would remain of Poland. 1. Security 1. The Soviet Union had been invaded from the west by Germany on two occasions. Stalin wanted to create a zone of ?friendly? or ?buffer states? to protect against future invasions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work