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The USSR and Cuba.

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Introduction

The USSR and Cuba Cuba is a large island located approximately 100 miles from Florida in the south part of America. America owned the vast majority of businesses on the island and had constructed a huge naval base on it. However, after a three-year guerilla campaign, Fidel Castro was successful in overthrowing Batista, the dictator backed by America. Consequently, relations between the two countries grew hostile for the next two years, but direct confrontation was avoided. Castro assured Americans in Cuba of their safety, saying here merely wished to run Cuba without interference. By the summer of 1960, he had started to receive arms from the Soviet Union, a fact which American intelligence was fully aware of. American broke off diplomatic relations with Cuba in January 1961, thereby triggering alarm of an invasion. ...read more.

Middle

After a threat from Kennedy on 11 September, they assured the Americans that they had no intention of placing nuclear missiles on Cuba. Photo reconnaissance throughout October established the situation to be far from what the USSR had made it out as. Detailed phototography showed missile sites in Cuba which were both finished and being built. The Americans discovered that some sites would be able to launch missiles within a week, and spy planes reported that 18 Soviet ships were carrying missiles to Cuba. Kennedy decided on a blockade of Cuba on 20 October, calling for the Russians to withdraw their missiles. Khrushchev refused to acknowledge the presence of missiles on Cuba, and said Soviet ships would not observe the blockade. Despite some Russian withdrawal of missile carrying ships, aerial photography revealed work on the missile site to be progressing rapidly. ...read more.

Conclusion

They may have been a convenient method of bargaining as the Russians could attempt to ask for American concessions in return for their removal. Placing missiles on Cuba would close in on the gap between America and the USSR, thus deterring Kennedy from launching a nuclear strike on Russia. Perhaps the missiles were genuinely intended to defend Cuba. Although the missiles were withdrawn under stringent supervision, Cuba remained Communist and highly armed. Both leaders benefited in some way from the crisis, as while Khrushchev was able to claim a personal triumph, Kennedy's reputation as a leader was greatly improved. Cold war relations were definitely thawed, and both countries took genuine steps ensuring against nuclear war. Both leaders had seen the crisis close to ending in nuclear chaos, and this realization was a definite step forward for their countries, who did not want to risk the end of civilization. ...read more.

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