• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The USSR and Cuba.

Extracts from this document...


The USSR and Cuba Cuba is a large island located approximately 100 miles from Florida in the south part of America. America owned the vast majority of businesses on the island and had constructed a huge naval base on it. However, after a three-year guerilla campaign, Fidel Castro was successful in overthrowing Batista, the dictator backed by America. Consequently, relations between the two countries grew hostile for the next two years, but direct confrontation was avoided. Castro assured Americans in Cuba of their safety, saying here merely wished to run Cuba without interference. By the summer of 1960, he had started to receive arms from the Soviet Union, a fact which American intelligence was fully aware of. American broke off diplomatic relations with Cuba in January 1961, thereby triggering alarm of an invasion. ...read more.


After a threat from Kennedy on 11 September, they assured the Americans that they had no intention of placing nuclear missiles on Cuba. Photo reconnaissance throughout October established the situation to be far from what the USSR had made it out as. Detailed phototography showed missile sites in Cuba which were both finished and being built. The Americans discovered that some sites would be able to launch missiles within a week, and spy planes reported that 18 Soviet ships were carrying missiles to Cuba. Kennedy decided on a blockade of Cuba on 20 October, calling for the Russians to withdraw their missiles. Khrushchev refused to acknowledge the presence of missiles on Cuba, and said Soviet ships would not observe the blockade. Despite some Russian withdrawal of missile carrying ships, aerial photography revealed work on the missile site to be progressing rapidly. ...read more.


They may have been a convenient method of bargaining as the Russians could attempt to ask for American concessions in return for their removal. Placing missiles on Cuba would close in on the gap between America and the USSR, thus deterring Kennedy from launching a nuclear strike on Russia. Perhaps the missiles were genuinely intended to defend Cuba. Although the missiles were withdrawn under stringent supervision, Cuba remained Communist and highly armed. Both leaders benefited in some way from the crisis, as while Khrushchev was able to claim a personal triumph, Kennedy's reputation as a leader was greatly improved. Cold war relations were definitely thawed, and both countries took genuine steps ensuring against nuclear war. Both leaders had seen the crisis close to ending in nuclear chaos, and this realization was a definite step forward for their countries, who did not want to risk the end of civilization. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    Scholars argue: "economically the Soviet Empire was on the brink of bankruptcy" (R+FotSE P110). It must be remembered that the Soviet Union was not entirely weak, it still had the capacity to be a superpower. In addition, the USSR had suffered economic weakness for many years and this had not lead to collapse.

  2. The USSR under Khrushchev and Brezhnev

    allowing the local leader to decide on industrial and agricultural policies. Khrushchev started by increasing the grain production. He introduced the Virgin Land Scheme which involved the ploughing up of areas in Kazakhstan, Western Siberia and the Urals. By doing this Khrushchev tried to increase the grain production as there was more land in which to grow this grain.

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    Yet, he was proud of America. He, like most of America, hated communism and wanted to prevent the spread of it. America knew that Khrushchev way strong and proud, the same as Kennedy, but older and possibly wiser. He was deeply commited to communism and both these men realised the

  2. To what extent were Fulgencio Batista's weaknesses the cause for Fidel Castro's rise to ...

    The availability of documents was rather limited as compared to P�rez's book. Herbert Matthews, was a journalist and writer who spent most of his life studying Cuban history. In 1957, he interviewed Fidel Castro while he was in Sierra Maestra and could learn about his goals from this experience.

  1. The basic idea of my project is to demonstrate that Colombia's global reputation, drugs ...

    Salvo concludes by saying that "Andrew, the film director, loves Colombia but he says that the producers interest is to sell their production not hide Colombia's internal problems. What really bothers him is not that they show our reality because it's something impossible to hide.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Briefly explain the key features of detente in the years 1972-75 (6 marks) One key feature was the signing of SALT ? Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty- in 1972. This treaty reduced the number of ABM?s, ICBM?s and SLBM?s that each superpower had.

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Cuban airforce were able to regroup for next day. 17 April La Brigada landed on the Bay Of Pigs and encountered 20,000 of Castros men 19 April Fighting ended. 100 lives lost and 1,100 were killed (leaving 300 returning home)

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    in its own store of nuclear weapons and did not want other countries to catch up. * Stalemate in Europe had been accepted for some time - both interested in easing tensions and cooperating in trade and other areas * The Soviets could see many advantages in cooperation with the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work