• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The USSR under Stalin, 1924-1941 - source related questions.

Extracts from this document...


Section A: Collectivisation doc Prescribes subject 1: The USSR under Stalin, 1924-1941 HW: qu 1,2,3,4. 1. Explain why according to Source D "four to five million people perished"? (3marks) Richard Service states in Source D that four to five million people perished "from 'dekulakisation' and grain seizures." Dekulakisation refers to the annihilation of the entire class of kulaks, which were 'rich peasants'. Kulaks were peasants who were somewhat better off than other peasants, being able to own land, a horse and employ a worker for a couple of months a year. Stalin wanted to destroy this class in order to establish complete collectivisation throughout the state, with no private land ownership (as the kulaks had). The grain seizures were a direct result of the collectivisation policy, which required taking a certain amount from the harvest grown by peasant farmers. This was done in order to aid cities expand and increase the rate of industrialisation. Due to famine, the peasants didn't have enough grain to give authorities and were starving themselves. In order not to give what little food they did have, some hid their grain and when authorities came to collect their share showed them they had none for themselves. This instigated authorities to raid collective farms that failed to yield enough grain. ...read more.


Where as [c6]USSR (govt) officials may have intimidated Russian reporters, this reporter would not have been affected. Source D is an extract from a history book written by Robert Service in 1997. It too has the purpose of informing. As it is a secondary source written after the Cold War, Service has been exposed and has access [c7]to archives and secret documents that the 1932 correspondent had not. Secondly, as an historian Service has the skill of being able to evaluate sources, his view is also more reliable because he is not in the situation therefore is not being influenced by culture or environment. The value of Robert Service's account may be scrutinised[c8], as he doesn't state his political status[c9]. He is also a western historian and may be hostile, and sceptical about certain facts about the events. 6/6 marks Using the sources (ie most of the sources given) and your own knowledge[c10], explain to what extent you agree with the verdict on collectivisation expressed in source D "the price was awful". [8 marks] In Source D, an extract of a history book written by Richard Service in 1997, the Russian Communist Party's (RCP) collectivisation policy is described as awful. The collectivisation policy demanded individual farms join together into a 'collective farming group' in order to increase agricultural management and output. ...read more.


The famine resulting from the unsuccessful attempt at collectivisation caused many deaths, poor living conditions, poor health and poverty for Russian people. The collective chairmen were often inept and unskilled adding to the damage. An increase of agricultural output was recorded but the cause is more likely to have been excellent weather conditions rather than an improved farm management due to collectivisation. still only 5//8 marks 22/25 By Rae Gordon Word count: 658 [c1]Therefore ...you have simply written up 2 differences side-by-side instead of saying they contrast in 1 TS or CS [c2]ONE word [c3]Apostrophe needed!!!! [c4]Delete - clumsy [c5]Clumsy! [c6]ONE word [c7]Wordy!!! Just say had access to [c8]Of course - taken for granted so delete!! [c9]We know he is a westerner so just say that he may well be crtitical/hostile !!!!! [c10]Ie most of the sources & YOUR gen knowledge [c11]Semi-colon before 'however' then a comma [c12]Don't state this - this way! Say - it can be argued ... [c13]irrelevant [c14]don't summarise the source. Anyway just write an essay and insert your evidence as you go along which comes from general knowledge AND the sources!`` [c15]NEVER refer to an historian by his FIRST name!!!!!! [c16]DON'T summarise - delete much of this and insert your own gen know. [c17]Delete - irrelevant [c18]delete [c19]gen know poor , no other sources appear to have been used!!! [c20]You were supposed to do the other sources too - read the question!!! Rae Gordon Yr 11 IB History - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Russia 1905-1917 exam questions with mark schemes.

    And another reason was that the Tsar appointed Stolypin as the prime minister to stay in power. Stolypin appointed him because he used the carrot and stick method. The carrot system meant to do some good things. For example, he improved the education in Russia; he made it easier for the peasants to buy lands and also cleared their debts.

  2. Stalin - USSR - Industrialisation - collectivisation - Reasons the policy was adopted

    There was much more resistance from the Kulaks. Requisition parties came and took the food required by the government. This often left the peasants to starve.

  1. Russian Revolution Sources Questions

    He failed which made the people angry even more. They had one disaster after another. They needed a better leader. During World War I the Tsarina was left to rule Russia. Rasputin, a mad Siberian monk, had gained the respect from the Tsarina after helping their son. He influenced her greatly.

  2. How did Stalin transform the economy of the USSR in the 1930s?

    * From the Bolshevik point of view it had been creating the wrong image and type of society. * The NEP encouraged private markets, private enterprises and Nepmen. * The Peasants (who were still a great mass majority of the population)

  1. Source based questions on the Russian revolutions.

    If they had said that they killed all the family including the children and the tsarina, then there would have been an outrage for many reasons. First of all the tsarina was German, and Lenin was trying to make peace talks with the Germans.

  2. These three sources do not all give the same impression of Stalin. Source A ...

    were set where as source J focuses more on how the show trials were run by Stalin alone. The basic idea is the same in both though. Question 6 Having studied sources L and M, I can see that both sources seem to hint the same message, but the sources are slightly different.

  1. Stalin Man or Monster

    Source L is still contradictory to many other beliefs of him, most historians believed that he ruled through terror and that being able to control people doesn't make Stalin a gifted politician. Source L states that Stalin was 'one of the greatest political figures', the source acknowledges Stalin's achievement and again promoted him as a very skilled and intelligent man.

  2. Stalin man or monster

    The man praises Stalin for his work "on every factory, every machine" and for being such an "inspired leader". The man expresses his feelings of being "privileged to see Stalin"The source is full of monomaniacal statements and uses words and statements that only praise Stalin which are too embroidered to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work