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The USSR under Stalin, 1924-1941 - source related questions.

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Introduction

Section A: Collectivisation doc Prescribes subject 1: The USSR under Stalin, 1924-1941 HW: qu 1,2,3,4. 1. Explain why according to Source D "four to five million people perished"? (3marks) Richard Service states in Source D that four to five million people perished "from 'dekulakisation' and grain seizures." Dekulakisation refers to the annihilation of the entire class of kulaks, which were 'rich peasants'. Kulaks were peasants who were somewhat better off than other peasants, being able to own land, a horse and employ a worker for a couple of months a year. Stalin wanted to destroy this class in order to establish complete collectivisation throughout the state, with no private land ownership (as the kulaks had). The grain seizures were a direct result of the collectivisation policy, which required taking a certain amount from the harvest grown by peasant farmers. This was done in order to aid cities expand and increase the rate of industrialisation. Due to famine, the peasants didn't have enough grain to give authorities and were starving themselves. In order not to give what little food they did have, some hid their grain and when authorities came to collect their share showed them they had none for themselves. This instigated authorities to raid collective farms that failed to yield enough grain. ...read more.

Middle

Where as [c6]USSR (govt) officials may have intimidated Russian reporters, this reporter would not have been affected. Source D is an extract from a history book written by Robert Service in 1997. It too has the purpose of informing. As it is a secondary source written after the Cold War, Service has been exposed and has access [c7]to archives and secret documents that the 1932 correspondent had not. Secondly, as an historian Service has the skill of being able to evaluate sources, his view is also more reliable because he is not in the situation therefore is not being influenced by culture or environment. The value of Robert Service's account may be scrutinised[c8], as he doesn't state his political status[c9]. He is also a western historian and may be hostile, and sceptical about certain facts about the events. 6/6 marks Using the sources (ie most of the sources given) and your own knowledge[c10], explain to what extent you agree with the verdict on collectivisation expressed in source D "the price was awful". [8 marks] In Source D, an extract of a history book written by Richard Service in 1997, the Russian Communist Party's (RCP) collectivisation policy is described as awful. The collectivisation policy demanded individual farms join together into a 'collective farming group' in order to increase agricultural management and output. ...read more.

Conclusion

The famine resulting from the unsuccessful attempt at collectivisation caused many deaths, poor living conditions, poor health and poverty for Russian people. The collective chairmen were often inept and unskilled adding to the damage. An increase of agricultural output was recorded but the cause is more likely to have been excellent weather conditions rather than an improved farm management due to collectivisation. still only 5//8 marks 22/25 By Rae Gordon Word count: 658 [c1]Therefore ...you have simply written up 2 differences side-by-side instead of saying they contrast in 1 TS or CS [c2]ONE word [c3]Apostrophe needed!!!! [c4]Delete - clumsy [c5]Clumsy! [c6]ONE word [c7]Wordy!!! Just say had access to [c8]Of course - taken for granted so delete!! [c9]We know he is a westerner so just say that he may well be crtitical/hostile !!!!! [c10]Ie most of the sources & YOUR gen knowledge [c11]Semi-colon before 'however' then a comma [c12]Don't state this - this way! Say - it can be argued ... [c13]irrelevant [c14]don't summarise the source. Anyway just write an essay and insert your evidence as you go along which comes from general knowledge AND the sources!`` [c15]NEVER refer to an historian by his FIRST name!!!!!! [c16]DON'T summarise - delete much of this and insert your own gen know. [c17]Delete - irrelevant [c18]delete [c19]gen know poor , no other sources appear to have been used!!! [c20]You were supposed to do the other sources too - read the question!!! Rae Gordon Yr 11 IB History - 1 - ...read more.

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