• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The USSR under Stalin, 1924-1941 - source related questions.

Extracts from this document...


Section A: Collectivisation doc Prescribes subject 1: The USSR under Stalin, 1924-1941 HW: qu 1,2,3,4. 1. Explain why according to Source D "four to five million people perished"? (3marks) Richard Service states in Source D that four to five million people perished "from 'dekulakisation' and grain seizures." Dekulakisation refers to the annihilation of the entire class of kulaks, which were 'rich peasants'. Kulaks were peasants who were somewhat better off than other peasants, being able to own land, a horse and employ a worker for a couple of months a year. Stalin wanted to destroy this class in order to establish complete collectivisation throughout the state, with no private land ownership (as the kulaks had). The grain seizures were a direct result of the collectivisation policy, which required taking a certain amount from the harvest grown by peasant farmers. This was done in order to aid cities expand and increase the rate of industrialisation. Due to famine, the peasants didn't have enough grain to give authorities and were starving themselves. In order not to give what little food they did have, some hid their grain and when authorities came to collect their share showed them they had none for themselves. This instigated authorities to raid collective farms that failed to yield enough grain. ...read more.


Where as [c6]USSR (govt) officials may have intimidated Russian reporters, this reporter would not have been affected. Source D is an extract from a history book written by Robert Service in 1997. It too has the purpose of informing. As it is a secondary source written after the Cold War, Service has been exposed and has access [c7]to archives and secret documents that the 1932 correspondent had not. Secondly, as an historian Service has the skill of being able to evaluate sources, his view is also more reliable because he is not in the situation therefore is not being influenced by culture or environment. The value of Robert Service's account may be scrutinised[c8], as he doesn't state his political status[c9]. He is also a western historian and may be hostile, and sceptical about certain facts about the events. 6/6 marks Using the sources (ie most of the sources given) and your own knowledge[c10], explain to what extent you agree with the verdict on collectivisation expressed in source D "the price was awful". [8 marks] In Source D, an extract of a history book written by Richard Service in 1997, the Russian Communist Party's (RCP) collectivisation policy is described as awful. The collectivisation policy demanded individual farms join together into a 'collective farming group' in order to increase agricultural management and output. ...read more.


The famine resulting from the unsuccessful attempt at collectivisation caused many deaths, poor living conditions, poor health and poverty for Russian people. The collective chairmen were often inept and unskilled adding to the damage. An increase of agricultural output was recorded but the cause is more likely to have been excellent weather conditions rather than an improved farm management due to collectivisation. still only 5//8 marks 22/25 By Rae Gordon Word count: 658 [c1]Therefore ...you have simply written up 2 differences side-by-side instead of saying they contrast in 1 TS or CS [c2]ONE word [c3]Apostrophe needed!!!! [c4]Delete - clumsy [c5]Clumsy! [c6]ONE word [c7]Wordy!!! Just say had access to [c8]Of course - taken for granted so delete!! [c9]We know he is a westerner so just say that he may well be crtitical/hostile !!!!! [c10]Ie most of the sources & YOUR gen knowledge [c11]Semi-colon before 'however' then a comma [c12]Don't state this - this way! Say - it can be argued ... [c13]irrelevant [c14]don't summarise the source. Anyway just write an essay and insert your evidence as you go along which comes from general knowledge AND the sources!`` [c15]NEVER refer to an historian by his FIRST name!!!!!! [c16]DON'T summarise - delete much of this and insert your own gen know. [c17]Delete - irrelevant [c18]delete [c19]gen know poor , no other sources appear to have been used!!! [c20]You were supposed to do the other sources too - read the question!!! Rae Gordon Yr 11 IB History - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Russia 1905-1917 exam questions with mark schemes.

    (One point 3 marks, two points 4 marks) 3-4 marks Level 3 You use you own knowledge to explain points in the source. 4-6 marks Level4 You do the same as for level 3 but you also explain other reasons from your own knowledge which are not in the source.

  2. Source based questions on the Russian revolutions.

    This would mean they don't get the blame and that the District of the Ural soviet would have to deal with the accusations. F) Source J supports and confirms to a point that some of the Imperial family members were killed, coinciding with sources C, D, E and I.

  1. These three sources do not all give the same impression of Stalin. Source A ...

    Source K is the last source that supports Stalin. This was part of a biography of Stalin and it was written in 1947. Stalin was still alive at this point, and people wouldn't dare to write anything bad about Stalin, being aware of what happens at show trials.

  2. Stalin man or monster

    Source I, is an American source and is clearly biased as they were against communism. Thus is would be very obvious that they would want to criticise the Soviet Union's methods. The source portrays the courtroom at Stalin's show trails.

  1. China 1945-90 - source based questions.

    It presents the power and the sense of leadership that Mao had over China and his opponents. The cartoon of the Red Guards hitting Mao opponents conveys the idea of cruelty and uncivilized actions. The cartoons of the Red Guards behind show the support and the will to complete Mao's orders.

  2. The Russian revolution - source related study.

    were taken into a lorry and taken away, whereas the other sources both agree there were no corpses. Source C also mentions that the family died, which means someone is lying and there is also hidden evidence from source c which gets you thinking whether he is hiding something and knows more than he lets o.

  1. Do these sources give similar or different impressions of Stalin? Explain your answer with ...

    However, Khrushchev didn't do anything about it nor opposed to any of Stalin's ideals at that time. This could mean that Khrushchev was fearful of what Stalin could have done to him, as he had witnessed many of Stalin's actions. In my opinion, Khrushchev's assessments are trustworthy in a way.

  2. Stalin, Man or Monster? Source based questions.

    Saying that, I think that Stalin also had paranoia as he killed and exiled everyone close to him, anyone who could have been competition was killed. 2. Study Source D. Does this source provide any useful evidence about Stalin? Explain your answer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work