• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Weimar Republic

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Myriam The Weimar Republic Barthe 3�me 7 1) Explain why the Weimar Republic collapsed. 1) In January 1919, the German voters, elected a national assembly to write a constitution. The assembly met in Weimar, and in August 1919, the constitution established a democratic republic known as the Weimar Republic. It provided for a parliament of two houses ; the Reichstag and the Reichsrat, and a president elected by the people. The chancellor and the cabinet members were appointed by the president, but they could be removed from office by the Reichstag. However, the Weimar Republic, like many new parliaments, was weak from the start and was faced with a lot of problems which by the end caused its failure. Firstly, the terms of the Treaty of Versailles were harsher than the Germans had thought. They were not expecting to be treated badly as they expected the treaty to follow the same lines as Woodrow Wilson's fourteen points. ...read more.

Middle

This led to disagreements and every party organized its own private army increasing the threat of civil wars. Thirdly, outbreaks of violence started to appear, opposition grew between Nazis and communists, and series of political assassinations took place. Walter Rathenau and Gustav Erzberger were killed. The government took strong measures against such acts of terrorism but the right-wing parties immediately showed opposition to these measures. In January 1919, the Spartacist Rising occurred in which the communists occupied almost every major city in Germany. However, the government managed to defeat them but only by accepting the help of the Freikorps; a sign which shows the weakness of the government. On March 1920 the Kapp Putsch took place. This involved a group of Freikorps troops capturing Berlin and installing Wolfgang Kapp, a right wing journalist, as Chancellor of a new government. With his one means of power and the Freikorps, revolting against him, Ebert could only withdraw his parliament from Berlin and reconvene in Dresden. ...read more.

Conclusion

In January, strikes were called for, and passive resistance was encouraged. The strikes had to last for eight months, which caused the German economy to suffer, and importing had to begin. Since striking workers also had to be paid by the state, additional currency was printed, which fuelled a period of hyperinflation. The value of the Mark declined from 4.2 per US dollar to 4,200,000,000,000 per dollar on November 1923. It was only when Stresemann in 1924 introduced a new currency known as the Rentenmark that the financial situation stabilized. Stresemann also asked the US to provide Germany money so as to help them pay what was asked by France and also to recover. They agreed and thanks to Stresemann, Germany was rebuilding itself and confidence was beginning to reappear. Unfortunatly, in October 1929, Stresemann died and the US were faced with a crisis: The Wall Street Crash. They immediatly asked Germany to pay back all the money lend, which was impossible and caused the collapse of the Weimar Republic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    Thus, the nationalists, who believe in the idea of a strong nation, were deeply angered at what they saw as Germany's decline from the greatest power in Europe to a second-class power. In March 1920, Dr Wolfgang Kapp, with the support of the Freikorps, launched a Putsch (revolt)

  2. The collapse of the Weimar republic.

    in the Republic". Hitler, in his book Mein Kampf agued that, "the function of propaganda, is to attract supporters", Hitler's was one the best users of propaganda, Nazi electoral propaganda promised to pull Germany out of the Depression. The Nazis pledged to restore German cultural values, reverse the provisions of the Treaty of

  1. Why did the Nazis replace the Weimar Republic?

    Methods used by Goebbels 1. Brought all broadcasting under Nazi control by creating the Reich Radio Company. He arranged the dismissal of 13% of the staff on racial and political grounds. Government also made the wireless a cheap product, so more people would be encouraged to buy a set.

  2. Thr opposition of the Church.

    Although many of these Historians express views pertaining mostly to those bourgeoisie elements involved in the July 20 Plot, they discredit the memory of leftist resistance as well by not even seriously addressing their role in underground resistance cells. Goldhagen does not mention them at all and Hamerow briefly mention

  1. Nazism and the New Age.

    government which turned away Jewish refugees even though immigration quotas left room for over one million between 1933 and 1943. (Documentation of American inaction bordering on the criminal is available in _While Six Million Died_, by Arthur D. Morse.) This sense of perspective is often lost by over-reliance on the

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    Those who had voted for the Conservatives before the 1930?s were now voting for the Nazis. Also, the Nazis received a big financial backing from some businesses. Use of Technology: in 1932, radio was used so that Hitler could broadcast his messages all around Germany ? He could create propaganda throughout the whole of Germany.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work