• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Weimar Republic

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Myriam The Weimar Republic Barthe 3�me 7 1) Explain why the Weimar Republic collapsed. 1) In January 1919, the German voters, elected a national assembly to write a constitution. The assembly met in Weimar, and in August 1919, the constitution established a democratic republic known as the Weimar Republic. It provided for a parliament of two houses ; the Reichstag and the Reichsrat, and a president elected by the people. The chancellor and the cabinet members were appointed by the president, but they could be removed from office by the Reichstag. However, the Weimar Republic, like many new parliaments, was weak from the start and was faced with a lot of problems which by the end caused its failure. Firstly, the terms of the Treaty of Versailles were harsher than the Germans had thought. They were not expecting to be treated badly as they expected the treaty to follow the same lines as Woodrow Wilson's fourteen points. ...read more.

Middle

This led to disagreements and every party organized its own private army increasing the threat of civil wars. Thirdly, outbreaks of violence started to appear, opposition grew between Nazis and communists, and series of political assassinations took place. Walter Rathenau and Gustav Erzberger were killed. The government took strong measures against such acts of terrorism but the right-wing parties immediately showed opposition to these measures. In January 1919, the Spartacist Rising occurred in which the communists occupied almost every major city in Germany. However, the government managed to defeat them but only by accepting the help of the Freikorps; a sign which shows the weakness of the government. On March 1920 the Kapp Putsch took place. This involved a group of Freikorps troops capturing Berlin and installing Wolfgang Kapp, a right wing journalist, as Chancellor of a new government. With his one means of power and the Freikorps, revolting against him, Ebert could only withdraw his parliament from Berlin and reconvene in Dresden. ...read more.

Conclusion

In January, strikes were called for, and passive resistance was encouraged. The strikes had to last for eight months, which caused the German economy to suffer, and importing had to begin. Since striking workers also had to be paid by the state, additional currency was printed, which fuelled a period of hyperinflation. The value of the Mark declined from 4.2 per US dollar to 4,200,000,000,000 per dollar on November 1923. It was only when Stresemann in 1924 introduced a new currency known as the Rentenmark that the financial situation stabilized. Stresemann also asked the US to provide Germany money so as to help them pay what was asked by France and also to recover. They agreed and thanks to Stresemann, Germany was rebuilding itself and confidence was beginning to reappear. Unfortunatly, in October 1929, Stresemann died and the US were faced with a crisis: The Wall Street Crash. They immediatly asked Germany to pay back all the money lend, which was impossible and caused the collapse of the Weimar Republic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    more right wing opposition though in the form of political murders and violence. For example, in June 1922, Walther Rathenau, a leading Weimar politician who believed that Germany should fulfil the terms of the treaty of Versailles, was murdered by right wing extremists, who threw a bomb into his car

  2. The collapse of the Weimar republic.

    in the Republic". Hitler, in his book Mein Kampf agued that, "the function of propaganda, is to attract supporters", Hitler's was one the best users of propaganda, Nazi electoral propaganda promised to pull Germany out of the Depression. The Nazis pledged to restore German cultural values, reverse the provisions of the Treaty of

  1. Why did the Nazis replace the Weimar Republic?

    By1934 70% of German homes had access to a radio. It became the means of mass communication; a vast majority of the German people had access to Nazi Propaganda. 2. Newspapers - Nazis brought up various independent papers; by 1939 they controlled two thirds of German newspapers.

  2. Thr opposition of the Church.

    Hamerow in his efforts to focus on German support of the regime minimizes the efforts of resisters. Although he acknowledges Gestapo brutality, he presents the acts of resisters in a distorted light. An occasional slogan written on a wall or sidewalk could result in imprisonment or in a concentration camp or expedient death.

  1. Nazism and the New Age.

    1963 German drama, "Der Stellvertreter" (performed as "The Deputy" in London that same year), which repeats Heydrich's charge of "war criminal", only this time presenting the Pope as an accomplice for the Nazi side by his "silence". Aside from the fact that the charge itself is debatable, I have yet

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    Promise to Voters: The Nazi party promised voters jobs as there was a high unemployment rate (5.5 million in 1932 were unemployed in Germany). They made promises to all their voters E.g. promised farmers, shopkeepers that they would have higher profits Flexibility: the Nazi party were flexible with their ideas.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work