• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Weimar Republic

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Myriam The Weimar Republic Barthe 3�me 7 1) Explain why the Weimar Republic collapsed. 1) In January 1919, the German voters, elected a national assembly to write a constitution. The assembly met in Weimar, and in August 1919, the constitution established a democratic republic known as the Weimar Republic. It provided for a parliament of two houses ; the Reichstag and the Reichsrat, and a president elected by the people. The chancellor and the cabinet members were appointed by the president, but they could be removed from office by the Reichstag. However, the Weimar Republic, like many new parliaments, was weak from the start and was faced with a lot of problems which by the end caused its failure. Firstly, the terms of the Treaty of Versailles were harsher than the Germans had thought. They were not expecting to be treated badly as they expected the treaty to follow the same lines as Woodrow Wilson's fourteen points. ...read more.

Middle

This led to disagreements and every party organized its own private army increasing the threat of civil wars. Thirdly, outbreaks of violence started to appear, opposition grew between Nazis and communists, and series of political assassinations took place. Walter Rathenau and Gustav Erzberger were killed. The government took strong measures against such acts of terrorism but the right-wing parties immediately showed opposition to these measures. In January 1919, the Spartacist Rising occurred in which the communists occupied almost every major city in Germany. However, the government managed to defeat them but only by accepting the help of the Freikorps; a sign which shows the weakness of the government. On March 1920 the Kapp Putsch took place. This involved a group of Freikorps troops capturing Berlin and installing Wolfgang Kapp, a right wing journalist, as Chancellor of a new government. With his one means of power and the Freikorps, revolting against him, Ebert could only withdraw his parliament from Berlin and reconvene in Dresden. ...read more.

Conclusion

In January, strikes were called for, and passive resistance was encouraged. The strikes had to last for eight months, which caused the German economy to suffer, and importing had to begin. Since striking workers also had to be paid by the state, additional currency was printed, which fuelled a period of hyperinflation. The value of the Mark declined from 4.2 per US dollar to 4,200,000,000,000 per dollar on November 1923. It was only when Stresemann in 1924 introduced a new currency known as the Rentenmark that the financial situation stabilized. Stresemann also asked the US to provide Germany money so as to help them pay what was asked by France and also to recover. They agreed and thanks to Stresemann, Germany was rebuilding itself and confidence was beginning to reappear. Unfortunatly, in October 1929, Stresemann died and the US were faced with a crisis: The Wall Street Crash. They immediatly asked Germany to pay back all the money lend, which was impossible and caused the collapse of the Weimar Republic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    Its leaders - Kahr (State Commissioner), Lossow (Local Army Commander) and Seisser (Chief of Police) - planned a march of 15,000 soldiers on Berlin. Hitler was going to help them, but on 4 Nov., they postponed the rebellion. Hitler hoped the Munich Putsch would force them to rebel. Events 1.

  2. The collapse of the Weimar republic.

    Versailles, turn back the perceived threat of a Communist uprising, put the German people back to work, and restore Germany to its "rightful position" as a world power. Hitler and other Nazi propagandists were highly successful in directing the population's anger and fear against the Jews, establishing the 'Jew Republic';

  1. Thr opposition of the Church.

    How would they clear the nazism not only from the German life, but from the German heart? The resistance documents proved that the plotters wrote plans for that matter. There were many writers, including the conservative Goerdeler and the socialist Leber.

  2. Nazism and the New Age.

    moral constraints - so as to merge with the "divine self" in the unseen spirit realm. (Sklar, p.33) That in turn allowed the initiate to reach the "universal energy fields" (Carr, p.108) which would "awaken the sleeping powers within" and access superhuman psychic abilities which had once belonged to the proud Aryan race.

  1. Why did the Nazis replace the Weimar Republic?

    The section above has shown the long-term problems facing the Weimar Republic. It has also shown the political and economic problems caused by the Depression. But this fails to explain why Hitler, and not some other extremist party, came to power.

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    No free media (political newspapers were banned) 4. Political opponents were dragged off to concentration camps ? Parties had no leaders HOWEVER, this opposition did increase during the war, especially when German morale was low: 1. ?Swing Youth?: this was a group of teenagers who opposed the Nazi regime and the war effort and in retaliation; they listened to Jazz and went to Jazz parties.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work