• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Weimar Republic and its opponents.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History homework- Amina Seylani Germany 1919-1939. a)Source U tells us that the German people were severely affected. As a result of hyperinflation, paper money had become worthless and food items such as eggs or bread were used when selling or buying instead. Pensioners who had saved money found that their savings had become worthless- they were the "hardest hit". Workers were also affected as the price of goods always rose quicker than their wages. b)The voting system of proportional representation brought problems for the Weimar Republic. It meant that smaller parties such as the communists and the Democratic Party gained seats in the Reichstag. No one party had a significant majority and as a result coalition governments made up of a number of parties had to be formed. The Weimar Republic suffered problems because these parties had contrasting political views (such as the Independent Socialists and Social Democrats) and could not reach decisions quickly. Therefore, the government was weak because policies could not be implemented without dissent or disagreement from smaller parties like the communists and Centre Party, who could still influence decision. With six parties in the Reichstag, it was difficult for the Weimar Republic to be unbiased. ...read more.

Middle

The next day, Hitler marched on Munich but he had overestimated the support as the state police and army remained loyal to the government. During the clash, sixteen Nazis were killed. Ludendorff, who had supported Hitler's failed coup, was arrested and Hitler fled the scene only to be arrested two days later charged with treason. Hitler turned his trial into a publicity opportunity and gave long speeches that attacked the Weimar Republic and opposition parties. Prior to the Munich Putsch, Hitler had been an unknown Bavarian politician but after his trial he became a national right wing hero. Hitler was sentenced to 5 years' imprisonment but served only nine months because of a lenient judge. In confinement, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf, outlining many of the policies which he later put into practise as the Fuhrer. More importantly, the Munich putsch taught Hitler that he could become leader by rebelling- he changed his strategy to gain power by being elected. d) The period of 1924-1929 under Stresemann is often called the Golden Age of the Weimar Republic as Germany began to recover economically, socially and enjoyed improved relations with other countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

This meant that support for extremist, far right parties grew which proved to later destabilise the country. Stresemann borrowed 25,000 million gold marks mainly from America. The money was used to build roads, railways and factories. These initiatives not only improved trade in German but employed thousands of people who began to enjoy a better quality lifestyle and prosperity. German culture also flourished and produced many talented actors, writers and artists such as Marlene Dietrich, Paul Klee and Erich Maria Remarque. However, the risqu� lifestyle of the upper classes led the majority of ordinary Germans who valued traditional customs to label it as "decadence". Many groups emerged that opposed this kind of heady and immoral lifestyle. Again, some Germans turned to extremist parties like the Nazis who wanted to return to country values. Therefore, Germany certainly did recover economically and socially under Stresemann from 1924-1929. In the short term, the above policies and agreements helped Germany to recover but all of this fell apart as a result of the depression. Stresemann was mainly criticised for his dependence on the USA for loans as the Weimar republic could not guarantee that prosperity would last. Later, this made Hitler determined to establish complete German autarky. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    'November Criminals' (the politicians who signed it), * the Communists and * the Jews. 2 Twenty-Five Point Programme In 1920, the party renamed itself the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazis), and announced its Twenty-Five Point Programme. At first, the Nazis were both nationalist (they believed in Germany's greatness)

  2. Why did the Nazis replace the Weimar Republic?

    The Nazis suddenly established significant popular support. 2. Political consequences caused by the Great Depression 1929 - Herman Muller's government was in power. The government was divided and was unable to deal with the crisis. March 1930 - the Government collapsed.

  1. The Weimar Republic: "the Golden Years" 1924-1929.

    Because it had no goods to trade following the halt in industrial production, the government simply printed money, and they saw this as an attractive solution. IT paid off its debts and �2200 million pounds worth of war loans.

  2. Nazism and the New Age.

    the Jewish-influenced "negative" parts, that is the Old Testament and most of the New Testament, imposing gnostic meanings on key passages, adding colorful pagan legend, and repackaging it in their 1920 platform as "positive Christianity" (Angeberts, p.202-203). [This term is freely used today by many groups, some of them fervent

  1. Collapse of the Weimar republic.

    Unfortunately, the Keynesian idea of compensatory spending was not yet generally accepted as a way to fight depression. Besides, the Germans, after the horrifying experience of 1923, were in constant fear of inflation. So reduction of spending, wages and benefits, plus higher taxation, were the only solution that could be tolerated.

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    worse as prices fell How did the Depression Weaken the Weimar Republic? 1. Unpopular Economic Policies: 1. The Weimar Government did not want to print money and increase Government expenditure (give people jobs so they pay tax etc) because they were afraid of the effects of Hyperinflation in 1923.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work