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The Weimar Republic: "the Golden Years" 1924-1929.

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Introduction

The Weimar Republic: "the Golden Years" 1924-1929 1. The decision by the French and Belgian armies to invade the Ruhr was sparked by the actions of Weimar leader Ebert, who played for time to negotiate concessions from the Allies, over reparations payments, considering Germany's financial situation following the collapse of the Mark. But the French ran out of patience and in early 1923 Belgian and French troops entered the Ruhr and took what they felt was owed to them in terms of raw materials and goods. In 1925 the French and Belgian troops left the Ruhr. 2. The German government reacted by ordering workers to carry out passive resistance, which meant to go on strike, therefore the French would have nothing to take away. The French reacted harshly though, killing over 100 activists and expelling over 100,000 protesters from the region. 3. Following the halt in Germany's industrial production, the currency collapsed drastically. Workers stopped providing raw materials as they went on strike under the orders of the Weimar government. This plunged the economy into hyperinflation, where production can't keep up with the amount of money there is, so the money keeps losing its value. 4a) Stresemann became Chancellor in August 1923 and gradually led Germany back to recovery. ...read more.

Middle

The USA did not need to invade or halt trade with Britain to get money owed to them. e) In 1929, the Young Plan replaced the Dawes Plan. Reparations would be reduced by one-quarter of the amount, and Germany was given 58 years to pay them. 7) Stresemann was Chancellor for a few months, then Foreign Minister. Stresemann wanted International Cooperation. He believed Germany's best chance for recovery came from working with other countries. In September 1923 he told the workers in the Ruhr to return to work. He accepted the Dawes Plan in 1924. In October 1925 he agreed to the Locarno Settlement where the Western borders of Germany were agreed, but not the Eastern. He won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in this field. In 1926, Germany joined the League of Nations, and became one of the permanent members of the Council. All these actions are examples of how Stresemann wanted to improve international relations between Germany, Europe and the USA. 8a) In the Locarno Treaty of 1925, Germany accepted the borders with France and Belgium that were laid out in the Treaty of Versailles. Germany accepted that the Rhineland would remain a demilitarised zone. France and Germany agreed to settle any disputes through the League of Nations. ...read more.

Conclusion

When the Weimar took over, the new government was democratic- they believed the people should say how the country was run. 11) Conservative Germans may feel that developments of Weimar Germany were strange. 12) Two of the most serious problems within the Weimar: * It was difficult to make decisions because there were so many parties in the Reichstag. The system of Proportional Representation was where the number of seats a party wins in Parliament is worked out as a proportion of the number of votes they win. This often led to lots of political parties in the Reichstag - making it harder to get laws passed. * There were many outbreaks of trouble, and Ebert agreed to form the Freikorps, a body of soldiers to keep the peace. In 1919, the Communists led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxembourg tried to take over Berlin in the Spartacist Revolt, but they were defeated. In 1920, some of the right wing Freikorps took part in the Kapp Putsch, and took over Berlin to form another government. 13) Reasons why the "Golden Years of the Weimar" deserved its title: * Germany joined the League of Nations in 1926 * The Dawes Plan and the Young plan helped Germany pay reparations over a longer time and reduce the amount owed by one quarter * Stresemann ended the hyperinflation, and introduced the Rentenmark to make the currency more stable. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sean Flynn 10KO ...read more.

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