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'The WeimarRepublicfailed because its politicians lost faith in themselves' To what extent is this a fair statement?

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Introduction

'The Weimar Republic failed because its politicians lost faith in themselves' To what extent is this a fair statement? There are many reasons contributing to the failure of the Weimar Republic, not just the loss of faith from the politicians, although this did play a large part. The other main reasons are the problems that the Weimar government had, the economic problems, especially the closure of industry and banks, the break down of parliamentary government and a lack of calmness at this time from the people of Germany. The Weimar government had many weaknesses, one of these was proportional representation. This was initially meant to make Germany into a very fair democracy. However, it meant that there were too many parties in the Reichstag. Many of them were small and relatively powerless, they were also changed frequently. Proportional representation also maid the selection of a chancellor an extremely difficult process as it was hard to choose someone who had the support of the majority of the Reichstag. ...read more.

Middle

The German people also resented the loss of territories as they often had relatives living in areas that were no longer classed as being Germany. Most Germans denied that they had lost the war and blamed the 'November Criminals' for signing the Treaty and agreeing to the Armistice. The decline of Parliamentary Government began with the discussion of President Hindenburg and his associates to introduce a more authoritarian system, even before the depression. They would then be allowed to use Article 48 to pass laws and would no longer have to consult the Reichstag resulting in a less democratic government. Democracy declined gradually, and under each new chancellor the government was less and less democratic, this began when Hermann M�ller resigned due to a lack of support from President Hindenburg when he wished to use Article 48. He was the last truly parliamentary chancellor. This resignation shows that he lacked faith in himself, and agrees with the statement made in the title. ...read more.

Conclusion

The politician's lack of faith in themselves caused the changing of the chancellor regularly, particularly with Br�ning as he resigned. Also, the use of Article 48 caused politicians to lack faith as well as undermining democracy. The decline of parliamentary government was also due to a lack of faith from politicians, but without the changing of chancellors due to who Hindenburg sacked and who resigned, therefore we can also say that the actions of President Hindenburg contributed to the decline of the Weimar Republic. The economic problems at the time had a major influence on the failure of the Weimar Republic. The slump caused unhappiness in the German people and caused them to vote for more extremist parties such as communists and the Nazis. Also, proportional representation had a very big impact on how the Weimar Republic declined. If laws were not so difficult to pass within the Reichstag due to the amount of parties, Article 48 would never have been considered. This would have resulted in Br�ning not resigning at this point and could have saved democracy in Germany. ...read more.

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