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The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum was the first fairytale written in United States. Baum wrote TheWonderful Wizard of Oz during a time in history that was

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Myra Kimbrough The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum was the first fairytale written in United States. Baum wrote TheWonderful Wizard of Oz during a time in history that was not known for its social justices. The story focused on the many similarties between Baum's characters and the United States during the 1800's. It is suggested that Baum concentrated on the episodes of the Populist movement and their representation, as well as the financial motives of the Silverites which were important to this era. Using allegory methods this story has depicted every type of rural life, gold-silver issues and political corruption to form the opinions of its main characters. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz became a powerful parable as Baum made a stand for the powerless majority. The use of allegory is to represent ideas or principles in a story, and the Wizard of Oz used a fairytale to depict many major problems that challenged America, in the late 1900's. ...read more.


Dorothy was used to portray the innocent of the United States. The U.S. always had the chance to implement silver, but they were too simple to realize its power. Likewise Dorothy owned the silver shoes but was too innocent to recognize their power to take her home. The wicked witch of the West was symbolic of the railroad barons, that tried to monopolize the railroad in order to have authority over the common workers and farmers. In the same way the wicked witch of the west made the muckins her slaves. The scarecrow impersonated the western farmer because he did not have a brain, he was considerate unable to reason ahead. Therefore he needed Dorothy's aid in traveling down the yellow brick road so did the farmers need aid also. Now the tinwoodsman portrayed the eastern workers, who were subjected to cruel work hours, low pay, and an inability to argue for themselves because labor unions were not aloud. ...read more.


government for food and land. So it was with these winged monkeys and the wicked witch of the west, they too were misunderstood and considerated a product of their environment. A parable is simple story illustrating a particular belief or moral lesson and using this definition The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a parable. How effective of a parable is questionable but it does use examples of simple everyday life to depict different eras in the late 1800's. It is written as a fairytale so that Baum would not intentionly step on the toes of those in authority and it has representation of moral lessons although it is not clear what the United States learned from this parable. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz attempted to relate its main characters to prominate figures, as well as historical and working class figures during the 1890's. The theme through out this story has been about taking a stand for what a person believes and it clear that Baum's stand was for the powerless majority. Just as history has repeated time and time agian if the middleclass is not represented a majority vote has not been cast. ...read more.

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