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There are a number of important issues which demonstrate the reasons why the Nazi Party gained support and eventual power

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Introduction

DRAFT Michelle Solley Page 1 In the elections of May 1928 the N.S.D.A.P. polled only 2.6% and yet by September 1930 the N.S.D.A.P. became the second largest party in the Reichstag. Explain how the Nazi Party achieved this electoral breakthrough. There are a number of important issues which demonstrate the reasons why the Nazi Party gained support and eventual power. Hitler Joined forces with the D.N.V.P. in hope of becoming more popular in a time when Germany was at its most vunerable. Hitler had strong public speaking abilities and as Germany was in a state of unrest socially, economically and politically after their unexpected defeat in world war one, Hitler used this to his advantage in winning over the German people. He targeted the Mittelstand (Middleclass) for votes in the coming elections as due to hyperinflation they had lost their savings and were most discontented and although the Nazi's only polled 2.6% in May 1928, Hitler had strong support from the north west (10%) and was preparing behind the scenes for when Germany was less affluent and even less stable. The Wall Street Crash also contributed to the success the Nazis had in the elections after 1929. The stigma that surrounded the Nazi's working class image would become less important due to their association with Alfred Hugenberg. ...read more.

Middle

German economist Kurt Borchardt (1982) argued that 1924-1929 were years of slow growth and 'relative' stagnation in the economy. Borchardt suggests that the main reason for this was that trade union power kept wages high and therefore squeezed profits and middleclass income. The Wall Street Crash in October 1929, Forced businesses to cut labour or close down which meant unemployment rose from 14.5% in 1928 to 17.7% in 1929. 5.6 million people were out of work by 1932. America withdrew their loans and Germany's already weakening economy went into sharp decline. In an effort to improve the economy the government wanted to reduce its expenditure. Between 1928 and 1933 war victims pensions were reduced which made thousands of people very bitter. The economic catastrophe made the authority appear weak and separated. The blame, in the eyes of the people, was placed not only on the parties and the leaders but on the whole of the Weimar Republic. As a result of this German voters were more attracted to extreme solutions offered by Michelle Solley Page 3 the extreme left and right wing parties, and so they voted accordingly. Hitler's use of Propaganda was very rewarding, the N.S.D.A.P.'s message of 'salvation' was now much more appealing. Hitler's election posters had very powerful messages such as: 'First Bread! ...read more.

Conclusion

After His triumph in the Reichstag Hitler, with 37.4% of the vote, insisted that Hindenburg made him chancellor. Hidenburg who disliked Hitler, bluntly refused his demand. Papen's government continued without the support of the Reichstag, in September 1932 they voted no confidence in him 512 votes to 42. Hidenburg dissolved the Reichstag after one day. Schleicher persuaded Hidenburg to hold another election. In the November 1932 elections the Nazi's lost 2 million votes and 34 seats. This was because Voters had become disillusioned as the N.S.D.A.P. had failed to gain any power and their protest vote seemed to be wasted, also the party itself had become exhausted and over worked after so many elections in so few years. Between May 1928 and December 1932 there had been 6 elections. The Nazi's electoral breakthrough was owing to many significant factors. The Weimar republic had distressing political developments to contend with which made the government extremely unstable. Germany's economy was too reliant on Americans finance and this gave way to political extremes: D.N.V.P., K.P.D and the Nazi Party. These parties became more popular after the Wall Street Crash when discontent and unemployment caused support for the extreme parties. The Nazi's made their electoral breakthrough in September 1930 when they polled 18.3%. President Hindenberg advised Schleicher in August 1932 ' Put him in charge of the Post Office, that's the best job he'll ever get' five months later in January 1933, Hindenberg appointed Hitler as Chancellor. ...read more.

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