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There is a number of reasons why Hitler came to power in 1933

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Introduction

Explain the reasons of Hitler's rise to power in 1933. In 1928 Hitler's Nazi party was very small and insignificant. By 1933 however Hitler was the chancellor of Germany and the NSDAP had risen from extremely low position to total power. There is a number of reasons why Hitler came to power in 1933. The period between 1929 and 1933 was characterised by overall crises, not only in political and economical, but also in social sphere, which created perfect condition to change government, system and the leader. Because of people's discontent with the overwhelming situation, the Nazi party jumped at the opportunity to gain power and carry out so called 'Nazi revolution'. In order to explain the reasons why Hitler took over the German state, one has to start of with answering the question why the Nazi party come to power in the first place. First of all, it is extremely important to explain the political situation in Reich, which had a direct influence on the following events. ...read more.

Middle

Because it was protected against the foreign competition (1914 - 1924), the adjustments to the world-wide conditions were unavoidable, which automatically meant higher taxes, felt especially after the Great Inflation. The average of bankrupt farmsteads sold by auction between 1925 and 1932 increased from 31 to 190 (over 6 times more)3. In addition to that the farmland was divided and 89.4 per cent of rural population did not own bigger units of land than 20 hectares4. Because of that there was a massive protest movement and in 1928 peasants joined political demonstrations. The Great Slump of 1929 affected also unemployment to a large extent. The Black Friday pushed the unemployment figure from 8.5 per cent in 1929 to some 14 per cent in 1930 of working class population. And less than 2 years later the rate reached almost 30 per cent5. This reflected in a huge interest with the Nazi party, whose popularity and increase in their support rose up to 6.4 million voters6. The overall poverty was increasing rapidly, which caused discontent among German society, especially the lower classes. ...read more.

Conclusion

To sum up, one can divide the reasons of Hitler's rise to power into long-term and short-term factors. The former were the bitterness of the German population caused by dissatisfaction with after-war period and the Treaty of Versailles. Furthermore, because of the weaknesses and failure of the constitution, many people de facto wanted a return of dictatorship and when the crisis of 1929 - 1933 came, there was no one, who was able or prepared to fight against this powerful man. The propaganda and the party's programme, which promised everybody some benefits from Hitler's power, as well as his personal qualities, belong to the long-term conditions. To the short-term conditions belong the Wall Street Crush of 1929 and the following crises (the people did not have anybody to blame and sought extreme solutions, which were offered by Hitler) and Hindenburg's decision to recruit him As the Chancellor. When one take all the reasons into consideration, it is not surprising that Hitler came to power in 1933. During the political and economic crisis, people are likely to turn to radical solutions, and with help of well-planned propaganda they cannot help thinking that these are the right ones. ...read more.

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