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There were many causes leading up to the event of bloody Sunday in northern Ireland 1972 these causes can be split into up into two categories and are either long term causes or short term causes.

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History coursework-northern Ireland. There were many causes leading up to the event of bloody Sunday in northern Ireland 1972 these causes can be split into up into two categories and are either long term causes or short term causes. The long term causes all started at the end of the 15th century when queen Elizabeth 1st confiscated land off the Catholics and gave it to the Protestants. This was a policy known as plantation and continued to happen for many monarchs after her reign. This caused great resentment in Ireland. The problems continued and in 1641 there was a rebellion against English rule, the rebellion ended when Oliver Cromwell intervened in 1649. He crushed the catholic rebels killing them into there thousands in there own towns of wexford and Drogheda. He also confiscated 11 million acres of land and so fourth by 1658 very little land in Ireland was actually owned by the Catholics. There were three seeds which led to the split of the Irish into two groups the seeds were that there was hatred of being ruled by the English, the dislike of the protestant church and the issue of land ownership. The two groups were the unionists who were basically the Protestants and the republicans who were basically the Catholics. In 1845 and 1846 the Irish potato crop failed and at least one million people died, but the English landlords still wanted there money for rent and took anything left from the harvest, this left the Irish even more angered and hungry. ...read more.


Catholics felt they had no protection from the police and the problems in this period of time continued. In the summer of 1969 the reputation of the I.R.A was damaged because it couldn't protect Catholics, slogans began to appear on walls in Ireland like I ran away. The I.R.A split into a violent and not violent group. The violence continued and the first British soldier was killed the British government sent in more troops and introduced internment which meant you could imprison someone without trial. This was unpopular and the I.R.A stepped up its activities. The Protestants reacted by forming the Ulster defence association. A march was organized to demand an end to internment the date was fixed for the 30th January 1972 the event went off peacefully until crowds gathered at army barriers some stones were thrown and was retaliated with using a water cannon and rubber bullets as the situation worsened a shootout perused and 13 civilians lay dead the army say they were fired on first and the marchers say they were fired on first. Sources A, B, C, and D are all useful in their own ways for example Source A is a cartoon ninety years before bloody Sunday and it basically says that Frankenstein is Irish and that the Irish are evil. It is a biased piece of English propaganda. The picture puts forward the view that the Irish are all wrong and the English are innocent. ...read more.


This movie poster is English propaganda. The audience for a and b is mainly English people but also wider people who are willing to form a viewpoint for the English side. Source C is a picture of an English soldier stringing up an Irish man and in the background there is a house being burned down, it is Irish propaganda from around 1780. It is biased against the English and portrays the English soldiers as evil, it also portrays the Irish as innocent people, and the audience is mainly the Irish people. This is not very useful for short-term causes but is fairly useful for long-term causes because it shows what the Irish people were subjected to by the English. Source D is a picture of an Irish lady being held up the wall at gunpoint and an English soldier is preparing a noose to hang her with. This shows the English in a bad light and that they are callas. It also shows how the Irish are miss-treated. Again this is Irish propaganda from about 1780, this also shows the Irish are innocent after all what could a poor little maid do against five armed soldiers? Again the audience is mainly the Irish people but also the English Americans who feel sympathetic towards the Irish. And again it is not very good or useful for short term causes of bloody Sunday but it is useful for long term causes because it shows what the Irish people were subjected to by the English. ...read more.

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