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Throughout this essay I will outline and evaluate the events and their outcomes of nationalism in Ireland. I will begin with Wolfe Tone and his inspiration for a United Ireland.

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Introduction

' Pearse's 'Theory of revolution' which emphasised the 'Redemption of the Irish nation through a 'Blood sacrifice', and the consequent saving of the Gaelic culture had its roots in Tridentine Irish Catholicism and owed little to the 'secular' French Revolution Republicanism of Tone or to the European Inspired nationalism of the Young Irelanders. Throughout this essay I will outline and evaluate the events and their outcomes of nationalism in Ireland. I will begin with Wolfe Tone and his inspiration for a United Ireland. I will then move on to the Young Irelanders and their aim to achieve a revolution. Finally I will look at Padraig Pearse's fight for nationalism and his belief in the Gaelic peasantry. Then when I have evaluated the events which unfolded, I will state on how I agree or disagree with the above statement. Theobald Wolfe Tone(1763-1798) Wolfe Tone was a member of the protestant ascendancy and was later to become one of Irelands greatest patriots. He was an educated man, he graduated from Trinity college and became a lawyer in 1798. Tone looked closely at events taking place in the world around him, namely the French and American revolutions and on disliking the conditions of his fellow Irishmen he set out to achieve the same. ...read more.

Middle

They arose from O'Connell's repel over his attitude to using force to gain achievement, their aim was to achieve somewhat more than repel they wanted an independent Ireland. The movement was overtaken by the famine, however their revolution began in 1848 with a small number attacking the barracks in Ballingary, Co Tipperary. Again like Tones men they were ill equipped and without a radical plan and were easily suppressed. The failure of the 1848 rebellion could be attributed to many reasons but its was mainly due to the fact that the people was so weak after the famine and where unable to have the ability or strength to carry it out. Padraig Pearse was another Irish nationalist and he again wanted the same as Tone and the Young Irelanders but he believed that knowledge and education was the way to defeat the British. He joined the Gaelic League at the age of 21, were their purpose was to promote the Irish language and culture, which was to be identified as the 'Cultural Reawakening'. Pearse founded St Edna's College(1908) and its curriculum was structured around Irish traditions and lessons were taught in both the English and the Irish languages. ...read more.

Conclusion

First of all Pearse's view didn't arise out of isolation, he had taken the view of Tone's French Republicanism. However they both wanted the same thing but went about it differently. Pearse appealed to the Gaelic peasantry and want ultimate promotion of the Irish culture throughout, whilst Tone believed that the English language was the modern language. I do believe that the 'Blood Sacrifice' of Pearse could have been his way to influence the Irish people to gain and achieve the republic he desired, then again what with Tone leading very few ill-equipped men into battle against many well armed troops was another case of a blood sacrifice, which I did find totally unethical on how Tone thought he could pull off such a rebellion. The Young Irelanders also believed in the Irish culture as Pearse was then to develop upon, it was the Young Irelanders who introduced the cultural nationalism through their newspaper 'The Nation'. I believe Pearse was not only inspired by Tone but also the Young Irelanders. As I earlier stated, my opinions have been swayed throughout But I do feel that Pearse had the better objective, were he did have more men who were more adequately equipped for rebellion rather than Tone and Young Irelanders before him. They all had different ideas to expel the British but they all carried the same intention, A Republic. ...read more.

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