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To what extent and with what degree of success did the Nazis establish a totalitarian regime in Germany between 1933 and 1939?

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To what extent and with what degree of success did the Nazis establish a totalitarian regime in Germany between 1933 and 1939? Word count: 1512 Nazism was established in Germany between 1933 and 1939 into a form of totalitarianism. A one ruling party in such a regime practices monopoly of mass communications, legislation power, a centrally controlled economy, a control of armament, secret police apparatus, and racial superiority concepts and racism. I want to investigate to what extend and with what degree of success did the Nazis establish a totalitarian state in Germany between 1933-1939. A. Monopoly Mass Communications One of the most essential tools of the Nazis to control the German nation and especially to promote the regime's views was the monopolization of the mass communication. The Ministry of People's Enlightment and Propaganda was set up in 1933 and had the responsibility of leading the entire organization of propaganda. Hitler placed Joseph Goebbels to take control of media and in this way ensure that the Nazi ideology got across Germany. Essentially, the press was highly monopolized, all non-nazi newspapers and magazines were closed down and the editors were not allowed to publish anything before being approved by Goebbels. ...read more.


Also, there was no improvement in the level of wages but to the contrary they fell and people were obliged to work more (from 45 hours in 1928 to 50 hours in 1939 and over 60 towards the end of the war.)5 Furthermore, most resources were mainly concentrated on important military projects while annual food consumption in 1937 had fallen for wheat bread, meat, bacon, milk, eggs, fish vegetables, sugar, etc and beer compared to the 1927 figures.6 The winners from the Nazis economy were the big businesses whose rights were left untouched by the Nazis, which shows some limitations to the attempt of Hitler in centralizing the whole economy of Germany. D. Full Control of Armament After World War One, the Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to disarm itself and put some strict limitations on its arm forces and weapon quantities. Following this Treaty, Germany was obliged to accept war guilt, was demanded to pay for reparations to the allies, was allowed a professional army of 100,000 men and it was strictly forbidden to manufacture military aircraft, tanks and submarines.7 But once in power, Hitler started ignoring all these limitations on the size of the German army and introduced the Wehrwirtschaft (war economy) ...read more.


Heirnrich Himmler to kill Rohm and the other SA leaders. In conclusion, I would like to state that the Nazis successfully reached to establish a totalitarian regime since they possessed the five dominant powers. In relation with mass media they reached successfully to out it under total control, while legislative (parliament) and juridical (trials) power which theoretically separated, were in fact under the Nazis total control. The control of the economy as part of the executive power was to a great extent controlled and especially for military purposes. However, many big businesses remained out of this guidance. The increase of the national products did not correspond with better salaries or smaller working hours. List of Sources: 1. Kelly, Nigel & Lacey. 1999. Modern World History. Heinemann Education Publishers. 2. McDonough, Frank. Hitler and Nazi Germany. Cambridge, Perspectives in History. 3. Thurlow, Richard. Fascism. Cambridge, Perspectives in History. 4. Traynor, John. 1991 Europe 1890-1990:Russia in Turmoil. Nelson. Lymm High School. 1 Traynor. Pg 272 2 Thurlow pg.26 3 McDonough. Pg.46 4 Kelly, Nigel & Lacey, Greg. Pg. 108 5 Kelly, Nigel & Lacey, Greg. Pg. 108 6 Ibid. pg. 107-108 7 Traynor. pg. 288 8 Ibid. 9 Ibid. Pg.276 10 McDonough. Pg. 47 11 Ibid. Pg.55 12 McDonough. Pg. 47 ...read more.

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