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To what extent did America

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To what extent did America "roar" for all Americans in the 1920's? In the first three decades of the twentieth century America became the richest and most powerful country in the world. America had so much money it could lend money to Europe after World War One. The average wage for an American was five times more than the average workers wage in Europe. America's wealth, population and industry boomed. The 1920's are often known as the roaring twenties in this essay I will find out if this is true. The boom in America had a lot to thank for mass production. Many products were being mass produced quickly and cheaply thanks to the production line which Henry ford started at the start of the 20's this created a massive boom in the economy because not only could cars be produced quickly and cheaply so that more people could afford them, other companies copied the production line idea as well. Henry Ford created the 'model T' car in 1909 (which was only produced slowly until the production line) it was nicknamed the 'Tin lizzie' because it was slow, ugly and difficult to drive but this didn't stop it from becoming Americas favourite and best selling car ever between 1909 and 1928. The big attraction of the model t was its price. The price of the car kept dropping, the price dropped from $1200 in 1909 to $295. Ford was able to do this by cutting the cost of production. As the cars were mass-produced, ford needed fewer workers, which cut the amount of money going out to more workers this also meant that the workers got more money because their were fewer people to pay. The cars were also standardised which meant one colour and one engine size, which cut costs even more. The car industry helped America boom in the 1920's because it used 205of Americas steel, 8%of her rubber, 75%of her plate glass and 65% of her oil and this lead to many oil producers in Texas to become very rich. ...read more.


Things were changing in the twenties, women were given the vote in all states and by 1929 a handful of women were elected due to this. One of them was Eleanor Roosevelt. Other than a handful not many women broke into politics because they didn't have much access, no women had any experience of politics and they were not encouraged to become politicians. In 1920 only 2 1/4 million women in America had jobs but by 1929 more like 10 million had jobs, 24% more than in 1920. Employers liked to give women jobs because they were cheaper labour, which meant they could employ more people, or keep it for themselves. Many women began to work in 1917 in war factories and gained experience with factory work for the first time. Middle class and rich women took advantage of mass produced items such as cars, vacuum cleaners and washing machines which made every day chores easier and gave them time to get jobs, socialise or go and see some entertainment. In urban areas young women strayed away from the traditional way of life and begun wearing daring clothes, smoke and drank with men in public, went out with out chaperons and some had unmarred sex. These girls were known as flappers. Flappers would shock people by having short bobbed hair that was cut in men's barbers, wore short skirts and backless gowns and wore silk stockings rolled just above the knee. Many people thought that they were carrying future generation to destruction. Life in the twenties would have been good for women if they had the money to go out and buy the latest in mechanical equipment that mass production had to offer to help with house work. Young women also got to experience new freedoms if they could afford to do it. If you were poor your life would have stayed the same because you couldn't afford modern luxuries to help with house work so you wouldn't have spare time for a job or going out. ...read more.


Many businesses went bankrupt as their shares were worth nothing and no one had money to by their products. America may have not been so badly if were not for the bad banking system. A lot of banks in America were small local banks so all the money people had in their savings was kept in the bank and loaned to people on demand. The effects of this were that when Wall Street crashed and people demanded their saving the banks didn't have them because people had lost the money they had been loaned when they were doing well in the stock market. Another reason why America did badly when Wall Street crashed was credit. A lot of people were spending money that they didn't have thinking they would pay it back later so when wall street crashed people who used credit to pay for shares couldn't pay their banks what they owed them. This eventually led to the great depression that affected the world when America wanted the money back that it lent to other countries when times were good. The wall street crash was bad for every one in America at the time and it also effected the world soon after. Shares were good for a lot of people before the Wall Street crash as they made money by buying shares for low prices and selling them on for a lot more. Shares seemed to be good for everyone in the period between 1920-1928 but the prise of the companies on the stock market were to high the companies were not worth as much as what was imagined. Everyone thought it was a easy way to make money but when the market collapsed everyone suffered a lose in money most people became bankrupt. America roared for a lot of people and became the most powerful country in the in the world but life was bad for many throughout the twenties. Your life would have changed if you could afford it in the twenties. ...read more.

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