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To what extent did Charles I religious policies make the crisis of 1640 inevitable(TM)

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To what extent did Charles I religious policies make the crisis of 1640 'inevitable' Introduction Leading up to 1640, Charles implemented many religious policies in his multiple kingdoms; however this alone did not make the crisis of 1640 inevitable. Charles did not consult parliament and the Scottish government when introducing these religious policies, this left the public unsure of what was happening, forcing them to draw their own conclusions. This combined with the strong fear of Catholicism made the crisis of 1640 inevitable. England * Charles made Laud archbishop, who made many changes within the church (the beauty of holiness ect.) thus creating the impression that England was turning back to Catholicism. ...read more.


for example; the clergy were given much higher positions and better opportunities in the church now compared with the gentry. Ireland * Ireland was a strongly catholic country. This made it harder for Charles as he was a protestant ruler. Sir Thomas Wentworth ( appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland) attempted to unify the church under his rule of 'thorough' (a determined strong rule from the centre in partnership with Laud). This alienated all of the major groups in society; The New English, Old English, and Native Irish. * Many believed that Charles was using Ireland as a "Blue Print" for England to be made an absolutist state. ...read more.


This caused a lot of tension. * It can be seen in the National Covenant the discontent and hatred towards the new prayer book. The national covenant was drawn up to oppose the prayer book and show Scottish nationalism. * This caused the crisis of 1640 to become inevitable because it showed that the only way for Charles to have control in Scotland was if he was prepared to go to war. This would have required a lot of money. Although it also showed us how strongly Charles believed in his religious policies. To conclude it can be seen that religious policies made the crisis of 1640 enevitable, however there were other more important factors such as multiple kingdoms. Lucy, Jodie and Nina ...read more.

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