• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Did The New Deal Pull America Out Of The Depression?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What Extent Did The New Deal Pull America Out Of The Depression? In 1928 there was a presidential election. One of the candidates running for president was called Herbert Hoover who was a Republican. Hoover believed in Laissez Faire, which was that he would leave things alone and that the government should not intervene in people's lives. He also believed Rugged Individualism. This is where people should work hard. Everybody was sure that the Republicans would win again. Hoover did win by a landslide and all seemed well. When Hoover formally moved into the White House in March 1928 the mood of confidence was still strong. He pointed out that Americans had more bathtubs, oil furnaces, silk stockings and bank accounts than any other country. He introduced many new polices while in office. In 1930 he introduced a Smoot Tariff, which was a high tax on imported goods. He cut taxes by $130 million to try and give the American people more money to spend. To create jobs in society he started up many schemes such as the Hoover Dam. Six months after Hoover was elected it was a very different picture. In October 1929 the Wall Street Crash stock market crashed, the American economy crashed and the USA entered a long depression that destroyed much prosperity of the 1920's. ...read more.

Middle

This union was large enough to be able to bargain with big corporations. When the New Deal agencies were set up it was not just white people that gained benefits. Around 200,000 black Americans gained benefits from the Civilian Conservation Corps and other New Deal Agencies. Native Americans were also involved in the New Deal. The Indian Reorganisation Act 1034 provided money to help native Americans to buy and improve land. It also helped them to preserve and practise their traditions, laws and culture. Frances Perkins was the Secretary of Labour. She removed 59 corrupt officials from the Labour Department and was a key figure in making the Second New Deal work in practice. The New Deal was not all good though. There were also many negative parts. The New Deal divided the USA. Roosevelt and his officials were often accused of being Communists and of undermining American values. Ickes and Hopkins were both accused of being anti-business because they supported trade unions. The New Deal also undermined local government. A lot Unions were treated with suspicion by employers and many strikes were broken up with brutal violence in the 1930's. Companies such as Ford, Republic Steel and Chrysler employed their own thugs or controlled local police forces. ...read more.

Conclusion

He believed that enough had been done to bring recovery., However production began to fall again as demand decreased. Share prices also fell and businesses started to collapse once more. Unemployment in 1938 stood at 10.5 million. Roosevelt was once again forced to put more money back into the economy and unemployment fell in 1939, but only to 9.5 million. It seemed as if the New Deal had achieved all it could. What did help the American economy to recover was the Second World War. This is because America sold goods to Britain and France, which increased demand for American manufactured goods and food produce. The level of employment fell and when USA entered the war, its full resources, manpower, industry and agriculture were absorbed in the fight against Japan and Germany. The economy was lifted out of depression. My opinion of to what extent did the New Deal pull America out of the depression is that they didn't. All the New Deal did in my opinion was to keep the country from going into complete poverty and kept it running. Even when Roosevelt thought that the New Deal had done enough to regain recovery it slowly started to slip back into depression. This would have just kept happening if they had carried on with schemes for making jobs. The only reason that America got out of depression was because of World War Two. Brad Freislich ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. To what extent did America roar in the 1920s?

    Women living in rural areas would also not have profited since their lives were still the same and they could not make use of the advances in technology. Furthermore, some parents would not have agreed with the changing attitudes of women because of their developing self-sufficiency.

  2. The Wall Street crash, the great depression and its how it affected the lives ...

    They had to make do with as little as possible in an attempt to save as much they could to avoid starvation and homelessness. The poverty of the nation meant that rival farming companies waged price wars upon each other to try and sell the most food they could to an economising nation.

  1. Study the following interpretations of the effects of the New Deal. The New Deal ...

    I think that this source is biased, as Fuller was just annoyed that he had to put effort in to get where he was in life, while other people were given support, and didn't have to do anything, as they were living off the tax he paid.

  2. The New Deal was set up by Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat.

    not much done for then dust bowl farms which had cropped up around America. Even though Roosevelt's New Deal had so much opposition, overall, it was still popular. Roosevelt aimed to please the poor and the working class and they all thought he was a saviour.

  1. To What Extent Did The Depression Have An Impact On Society In Britain During ...

    This shows that leisure activities increased for people in these areas of Britain, because they could afford it and the prices were lower. Also more people were buying TV's, so subsequently 36,000 people were granted TV licences. All in all, I feel that the time of the Depression (known as 'the hungry thirties')

  2. Depression and The New Deal

    May of these farmers bought land on credit in order to meet the demand so as prices fell; they found it difficult to pay their mortgage. Farmers could not always sell their produce easily (although prices dropped), this added more mortgage problems - bankruptcies. By 1924, 600,000 farmers experienced bankruptcy.

  1. The New Deal

    Farm prices had fallen very low that the cost of transporting animals to market was higher than the price of animals themselves, this was showing how bad the economical depression had got. The USA's international trade had been reduced by a big margin from $10 billion in 1929 to just $3 billion in 1932.

  2. New deal did it bring about the recovery of the American economy

    He is famous for saying "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself-nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror". Roosevelt's Fireside chats also helped to improve morale. The fireside chats were a series of thirty radio speeches given by Roosevelt where he would say things such as "I can assure you

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work