• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did the Treaty of Versailles hinder the implementation of democracy in Germany in the period up to 1923

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐To What Extent did the treaty of Versailles Hinder the implementation of democracy in Germany in the Period up to 1923? Use appropriate historical references to support you answer The Treaty of Versailles played a key role in hindering the implementation of Democracy in Germany in the period up to 1923, however other factors such as left wing rebellion the Sparticists and workers unions, right wing Kapp Putsch, role of the army, Judiciary and hyperinflation also played a key role in hindering the Growth of democracy in Germany during this period. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace settlement drawn up by the victorious powers of WWI on June 28 1919 at Versailles. The terms of the agreement made Germany hand over their colonies, weakened Germany's military, forced them to pay large reparations and hand over all merchant ships and according to article 231, Germany was made fully responsible for the outbreak of the War. The terms of the post war settlement was drawn up by the big three. French Premier Clemenceau wanted a tough treaty and sort revenge for the attacks his country had undertaken by Germany, US President Woodrow Wilson sort idealism through League of Nations and his 14 point plan. ...read more.


Hyperinflation also played a significant role in the implementation of Democracy in Germany during this period. Inflation was already high during the war as Germany planned to pay their large post war debts with the spoils of victory, but with passive resistance at the Ruhr, Hyperinflation lead to serious problems in Germany. After being defeated they were left with less resources to pay back their debts with. Reparations needed to be made as a result on Versailles destroyed Germany's economy. The government continued to pay the workers wages during the French occupation of the Ruhr and as a result hyperinflation was caused. As the government continued to print money the more it became worthless. Many historians argue that Germany deliberately caused hyperinflation to ensure German bankruptcy so not as to pay back the large sums in reparations. Hyperinflation had a huge impact not only on working class germans, but to middle class aswell. Starvation was a reality for many working class, as millions were unemployed and those that were got paid worthless money. The broad lower middle class made up the majority of Germans. ...read more.


The Judiciary was also an influential factor in hindering the growth of democracy during this period. As democracy became a way of life leaders of the new Weimar government had to wrestle the problems of a newly developing democracy, the creation of a new constitution and political culture and the need for institutional reform particularly judiciary. There were more than 376 political murders in the period up to 1923, with 356 of these coming from the right wing. While judges were brutally harsh in their treatment of the small number of left-wing assailants in terrorist attacks, the same Judiciary's overt sympathy for right-wing terrorist violence seriously threatened the Republic. This caused a lot of uprisings during this period and the government lost a lot of support with people wondering how can a fundamentally anti-democratic judiciary work. This was a key factor, but was not to soul factor present in the period up to 1923. Although the Treaty of Versailles was a key factor in hindering the implementation of Democracy in Germany in the period up to 1923, it was not the soul determinant, and other factors such as hyperinflation, groups the Kapp Putsch and Spartacists, the role of the army and judiciary also played key roles in slowing down support for Democracy during this period. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Treaty Of versailles

    5 star(s)

    This further weakened the German army. The navy could only build six battleships. This meant that Germany would be weak at fighting at sea and thus crippling the German army even more. Furthermore the Rhineland became demilitarized. This meant that no German troops were allowed in that area.

  2. Explain how the Treaty of Versailles created many problems for Germany in the period ...

    They said they had been 'stabbed in the back,' and by this they meant they could have won the war if the politicians had not made peace. The reactions of the Germans after the allegations and the way they had been treated were that they were annoyed with the government and believed they had been cheated.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    Nazi Party Growing * In the crises of 1923, the membership of the Nazi Party grew from 6,000 to 55,000. * The Nazi Stormtroopers (SA) grew quickly, and wanted a revolution - in October, an SA leader told Hitler that, if there was not a rebellion soon, the SA would 'sneak away'.

  2. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Powers included the power to: appoint and dismiss the Chancellor (Prime Minister); dissolve the Reichstag; veto legislation while waiting for a referendum; declare a, and govern by decree in a, national emergency; ii) Legislature * The Reichstag (lower house), elected every 4 years, using PR (universal suffrage over the age of 20).

  1. To What Extent was British Appeasement to Germany in the Interwar Period Justified?

    This justifies that appeasement should not have been used; Hitler should have been eliminated without delay. E Conclusion To be a good historian, one must critically analyze information that contributes to the topic. After analyzing the sources that I used, and thus allowing for biases, I have arrived at my conclusion.

  2. Was the Treaty of Versailles fair on Germany?

    except one of them: this was the demand that Austro-Hungarian investigators join the enquiry into the shootings. That was not enough for Austria-Hungary which declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914. This declaration of war on Serbia was the first step to world war.

  1. Nazi Germany Revision 1918-45

    Catholic Church also ran large number of schools ? children in these schools not subjected to Nazi propaganda. Schools taken out of church control, to the opposition of many teachers and parents. State schools ? Nazis made sure all subjects were taught to stress Nazi beliefs.

  2. How far was the Kapp Putsch the major reason for instability between 1919 and ...

    speech, introduced an eight-hour working day, helped the unemployed, and increased food supplies[3]; even some members of the working class supported Ebert, over what would have been expected of them ? the communist Spartacus League[3], who refused to enter elections[1] and instead led a revolt against Ebert that very year.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work