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To what extent did the Treaty of Versailles hinder the implementation of democracy in Germany in the period up to 1923

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To What Extent did the treaty of Versailles Hinder the implementation of democracy in Germany in the Period up to 1923? Use appropriate historical references to support you answer The Treaty of Versailles played a key role in hindering the implementation of Democracy in Germany in the period up to 1923, however other factors such as left wing rebellion the Sparticists and workers unions, right wing Kapp Putsch, role of the army, Judiciary and hyperinflation also played a key role in hindering the Growth of democracy in Germany during this period. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace settlement drawn up by the victorious powers of WWI on June 28 1919 at Versailles. The terms of the agreement made Germany hand over their colonies, weakened Germany's military, forced them to pay large reparations and hand over all merchant ships and according to article 231, Germany was made fully responsible for the outbreak of the War. The terms of the post war settlement was drawn up by the big three. French Premier Clemenceau wanted a tough treaty and sort revenge for the attacks his country had undertaken by Germany, US President Woodrow Wilson sort idealism through League of Nations and his 14 point plan. ...read more.


Hyperinflation also played a significant role in the implementation of Democracy in Germany during this period. Inflation was already high during the war as Germany planned to pay their large post war debts with the spoils of victory, but with passive resistance at the Ruhr, Hyperinflation lead to serious problems in Germany. After being defeated they were left with less resources to pay back their debts with. Reparations needed to be made as a result on Versailles destroyed Germany's economy. The government continued to pay the workers wages during the French occupation of the Ruhr and as a result hyperinflation was caused. As the government continued to print money the more it became worthless. Many historians argue that Germany deliberately caused hyperinflation to ensure German bankruptcy so not as to pay back the large sums in reparations. Hyperinflation had a huge impact not only on working class germans, but to middle class aswell. Starvation was a reality for many working class, as millions were unemployed and those that were got paid worthless money. The broad lower middle class made up the majority of Germans. ...read more.


The Judiciary was also an influential factor in hindering the growth of democracy during this period. As democracy became a way of life leaders of the new Weimar government had to wrestle the problems of a newly developing democracy, the creation of a new constitution and political culture and the need for institutional reform particularly judiciary. There were more than 376 political murders in the period up to 1923, with 356 of these coming from the right wing. While judges were brutally harsh in their treatment of the small number of left-wing assailants in terrorist attacks, the same Judiciary's overt sympathy for right-wing terrorist violence seriously threatened the Republic. This caused a lot of uprisings during this period and the government lost a lot of support with people wondering how can a fundamentally anti-democratic judiciary work. This was a key factor, but was not to soul factor present in the period up to 1923. Although the Treaty of Versailles was a key factor in hindering the implementation of Democracy in Germany in the period up to 1923, it was not the soul determinant, and other factors such as hyperinflation, groups the Kapp Putsch and Spartacists, the role of the army and judiciary also played key roles in slowing down support for Democracy during this period. ...read more.

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